Coen Cuserhof

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Coen Cuserhof
Haarlem-Coen Cuserhof.jpg
Gate houses of the orphanage, today converted to apartments
General information
Type orphanage
Architectural style neo-classical
Location Haarlem
Address Olieslagerslaan 5
Coordinates Coordinates: 52°22′26.32″N 4°37′28.42″E / 52.3739778°N 4.6245611°E / 52.3739778; 4.6245611
Completed 1908
Design and construction
Architect J.A.G. van der Steur
Regentesses of the Heilige Geesthuis in Haarlem, on the right a boy points to his red sleeve, by Johannes Cornelisz Verspronck, 1662
Caring for orphans, by Jan de Bray, 1675. This painting shows the characteristic Haarlem clothing of the "Burger Weeshuis" orphans with one red sleeve and one blue sleeve. The tower on the left was on top of the Heilige Geesthuis on the Krocht.

The Coen Cuserhof is a former orphanage in Haarlem. The complex was designed by J.A.G. van der Steur and the original maquette is on display in the Historisch Museum Haarlem.

History[edit]

The building is named after the society that ran the orphanage, the Stichting Coen Cuser Huis, which is named after the original benefactor Coen Cuser, a Haarlem knight who founded a house for the poor on the Krocht in Haarlem in 1394.[1] That original building, the Heilige Geesthuis, has been torn down and the land is now the location of the Hofje van Oorschot. From 1765 to 1808 the Coen Cuser orphanage (also called the Burger Weeshuis) was located on the Kinderhuisvest.[1] In 1808 the orphanage moved to the Diakonie on the Koudenhorn (currently the location of the Haarlem police headquarters).[1] In 1810 they moved again to the Klein Heiligland in the quarters of the former old men's almshouse (currently the location of the Frans Hals Museum).[1] In 1908 the orphanage moved to the Olieslagerslaan to the Coen Cuserhof, where the orphanage closed in 1988, since by then the care for most Haarlem orphans was done by the federal authorities.[1]


Notable residents of the orphanage were Jacobus van Looy who grew up in the orphanage when it was located in the Klein Heiligland, and Miep den Oude-Snel, who wrote the book "Miep" about her experiences in the Coen Cuserhof. Until 1933 the children were still wearing uniforms with one red sleeve and one blue sleeve. The Haarlem Mennonite philanthropist Pieter Teyler van der Hulst left funds in 1778 to organize a yearly party in his name for all the orphans of Haarlem, to be held in the Doopsgezinde Weeshuis (Mennonite orphanage). The tradition was still held in Miep's time at the beginning of the 20th century, though the location had changed and was the Mennonite orphanage on the Kleine Houtweg. Miep recalled being jealous of the Mennonite orphans who had brown dresses.[2]

Monumentenbordje 2014.svg Dutch Rijksmonument 513322

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Het Gereformeerd of Burger Weeshuis 1394-1969
  2. ^ "MIEP: Herinneringen van een meisje in het Haarlemse Burgerweeshuis (1934 - 1942)", by Miep den Oude-Snel, Stichting Gereformeerd of Burgerweeshuis, Haarlem, 2006, ISBN 978-90-902067-3-8
  • History on website of the Coen Cuser Stichting