Coesfeld

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Coesfeld
Coesfeld Fußgängerzone.jpg
Coat of arms of Coesfeld
Coat of arms
Coesfeld is located in Germany
Coesfeld
Coesfeld
Coordinates: 51°57′N 7°10′E / 51.950°N 7.167°E / 51.950; 7.167Coordinates: 51°57′N 7°10′E / 51.950°N 7.167°E / 51.950; 7.167
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Münster
District Coesfeld
Subdivisions 2
Government
 • Mayor Heinz Öhmann (CDU)
Area
 • Total 141.05 km2 (54.46 sq mi)
Elevation 89 m (292 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 35,813
 • Density 250/km2 (660/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 48653
Dialling codes 02541
Vehicle registration COE
Website www.coesfeld.de

Coesfeld (German pronunciation: [ˈkoːsfɛlt]) is the capital of the district of Coesfeld in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

History[edit]

St. Lambert Kirche, the destination of the yearly Grand Cross procession, with its 17th-century baroque tower.

Coesfeld received its city rights in 1197, but was first recorded earlier than that in the biography of St. Ludger, patron and first bishop of the diocese of Munster who was born north of Coesfeld in Billerbeck. The day before he died, Ludger spent the night in Coesfeld and heard mass in the morning in the church he founded. He was on his way from his abbey in Essen to Münster. The road he followed passed Coesfeld and Billerbeck, and after preaching in the St. Lambert's church, 26 March 809, he travelled on to Billerbeck, where he died in the evening.

The Coesfeld St. Jacobikirche dates from the same period as the city charter. For centuries, Coesfeld was an important stopping place for pilgrims traveling one of the more popular Germanic Jakobi routes (Way of St. James) leading from Warendorf over Münster (via Billerbeck) to Coesfeld, and then on via Borken to Wesel on the Rhine.

Bernhard von Galen[edit]

One of the 18 stations of the cross in Coesfeld, erected in Galen's time by his Danish architect Pieter Pictorius.

During the Thirty Years War, troops were stationed in Coesfeld. The Prince-bishop of Münster was often at odds with these troops. Bernhard von Galen managed to drive the foreign troops away and even started to build a palace in Coesfeld, but it was never finished and after he died it was torn down. He became known for his sieges of Dutch cities in his efforts for the counter reformation and started a Way of the Cross procession that still exists up to the present day, with 18 stations of the cross. One procession round the historic centre of Coesfeld is still held on Whitmonday but the "Great Procession along the stations of the cross" held for centuries on Whit Tuesday is now held on 9/14 (Exaltation of the Cross) if it´s a Sunday otherwise on the Sunday thereafter.

[See German language version for somewhat more detailed history.]

Geography[edit]

The 12th century St. Jakobikirche was bombed during WWII, but the old doorway survives and a new church was built behind it.
Coesfeld cross hung with silver votive decorations

Coesfeld is situated in the Baumberge in Münsterland.

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

Divisions[edit]

Coesfeld consists of 2 subdivisions:

  • Coesfeld
  • Lette

Education[edit]

Major secondary schools are the Nepomucenum, the Heriburg-Gymnasium and the St.-Pius-Gymnasium.

Persons of interest[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Coesfeld at Wikimedia Commons