Coevorden

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Coevorden
City and municipality
Castle and city hall of Coevorden in 2007
Castle and city hall of Coevorden in 2007
Flag of Coevorden
Flag
Coat of arms of Coevorden
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Coevorden in a municipal map of Drenthe
Location in Drenthe
Coordinates: 52°40′N 6°45′E / 52.667°N 6.750°E / 52.667; 6.750Coordinates: 52°40′N 6°45′E / 52.667°N 6.750°E / 52.667; 6.750
Country Netherlands
Province Drenthe
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Bert Bouwmeester (D66)
Area[2]
 • Total 299.69 km2 (115.71 sq mi)
 • Land 296.54 km2 (114.49 sq mi)
 • Water 3.15 km2 (1.22 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 12 m (39 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 35,639
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Demonym Coevordenaar
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 7740–7759, 7840–7869
Area code 0524, 0528, 0591
Website www.coevorden.nl

Coevorden (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈkuvɔrdən]; Dutch Low Saxon: Koevern) is a municipality and a city in the northeastern Netherlands. During the municipal reorganisation in the province in 1998, Coevorden merged with Dalen, Sleen, Oosterhesselen and Zweeloo.

Etymology[edit]

The name Coevorden means "cow ford(s)" or "cow crossing", similar to Bosporus or Oxford.[5]

History[edit]

Fortification plan of Coevorden, in Star fort style.

Coevorden received city rights in 1408.

The city was reconstructed in the early seventeenth century by Maurice, Prince of Orange to an ideal city design, similar to Palmanova. The streets were laid out in a radial pattern within polygonal fortifications and extensive outer earthworks.

The city of Coevorden may have indirectly given its name to the city of Vancouver, which is named after the 18th-century British explorer George Vancouver. The explorer's ancestors (and family name) may have originally come to England "from Coevorden" (van Coevorden > Vancoevorden > Vancouver).[5] There is also a family of nobility with the surname van Coeverden, sometimes spelled with a K (as with Canadian kayaker Adam van Koeverden).

Geography[edit]

2014 map of the city of Coevorden

Coervorden is located at 52°40′N 6°45′E / 52.667°N 6.750°E / 52.667; 6.750 in the south of the province of Drenthe in the east of the Netherlands.

The population centres in the municipality are:

International relations[edit]

Coevorden is twinned with:

Transportation[edit]

There is one railway station in the municipality:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Burgemeester en wethouders" [Mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Coevorden. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 7741GC". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "History of Vancouver - Coevorden". Vancouverhistory.ca. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  6. ^ "Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Kingdom of the Netherlands - News of the Embassy". Netherlands.mfa.gov.by. 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 

External links[edit]