Sign at the entrance to the city, 2006
Location of Coffeyville in Kansas.
|• Mayor||David George|
|• Total||7.43 sq mi (19.24 km2)|
|• Land||7.43 sq mi (19.24 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||738 ft (225 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||9,993|
|• Density||1,385.6/sq mi (535.0/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0469230|
Coffeyville is a city situated along the Verdigris River in the southeastern part of Montgomery County, located in Southeast Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 10,295. It is the most populous city of Montgomery County and with its southeast Kansas location is located in the Tulsa, Oklahoma media market. The town of South Coffeyville, Oklahoma is located approximately 1 mile south of the city, existing as a separate political entity immediately south of the state line.
Founded in 1869 as an Indian trading post by Col. James A. Coffey, serving the population across the Oklahoma border in what was then the Indian Territory, the town was confirmed and expanded by the arrival of the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston Railroad in 1871. With the arrival of the railroad, a young surveyor, Napoleon B. Blanton, was dispatched to lay out the town. The naming of the town was left to the toss of a coin between Col. Coffey and U.S. Army Captain Blanton. Blanton lost the toss and the town was officially named Coffeyville.
Incorporated in 1872, the charter was voided, and the city was re-incorporated in March 1873.
Coffeyville's most famous moment may have been the end of the Dalton Gang: on October 5, 1892, four of the gang were killed while Emmett Dalton survived with 23 gunshot wounds and was imprisoned for 14 years before being pardoned. They had been attempting to rob two banks, First National Bank and Condon Bank, at once when the citizens recognized them under the fake beards they were wearing and fought them after coming out of one of the banks. The two banks at the time of the attempted robbery were directly across the street from one another. Four citizens, including a U.S. marshal, Marshal Charles T. Connelly, died in defense of the town. The town holds an annual celebration each October in remembrance of the Dalton Raid and the lives its citizens lost.
Coffeyville enjoyed rapid growth after the discovery of plentiful natural gas and abundant clay and was from the turn of the century to the 1930s one of the largest glass and brick manufacturing centers in the nation. During this same period, the development of oil production in the area prompted the establishment of several oil field equipment manufacturers.
Coffeyville industrialist Douglas Brown founded Coffeyville Multiscope, which produced components of the Norden bombsight which played a determining role in the perfection of precision day light bombing during World War II as a result of the bombsight's advanced accuracy and drift correction capability.
In 1930 Coffeyville had an organized LDS Sunday School, one of only 11 places in Kansas to have such at that point.
On July 1, 2007, there was a major flood in Coffeyville which crested 10 feet above flood stage and flooded approximately a third of the city. The flood topped the local refinery, Coffeyville Resources LLC levees by 4 feet, which allowed oil to pollute the water. Approximately 71,000 gallons of crude oil mingled with the already contaminated flood waters. The EPA was reportedly on site trying to prevent the oil and flood water mix from continuing downriver, where it could damage the water in Oologah Lake near Oologah, Oklahoma. Many Oklahomans get their water from the Verdigris River or Oologah Lake. Last reports show a minimal amount of oil reached Oolagah Lake, but it did not pose a threat to the water supplies of other cities along the Verdigris River or from the lake. A number of animals have been found dead or injured in flood areas covered with oil. By July 2, areas east of Patterson Street in Coffeyville were off limits and a curfew was enacted in other areas of the city. On July 3, the city lost its supply of potable water, but the water service had been restored and the order to boil water was rescinded on July 7. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Red Cross were on hand and the area was declared a federal disaster area. Most displaced residents found shelter with family and friends, but many were sheltered in two area churches and a senior citizens' apartment complex. Some pets were rescued to a temporary animal shelter built for them at LeClere Park. The flooded area on the city's east side was reopened on July 11 for residents and business owners to begin assessing damage and to retrieve salvageable items.
In order to focus on the post-flood recovery and clean-up, the 2007 Inter-State Fair & Rodeo was canceled. The ongoing flood recovery included a wholesale environmental remediation of the flood effected eastern portion of the city ending in late 2008 to early 2009. Many of the flood damaged homes were purchased by Coffeyville Resources LLC as a part of their attempt to compensate the affected homeowners.
Coffeyville is located in the southeast corner of Kansas, about 75 miles (121 km) north of Tulsa, Oklahoma, and 60 miles (97 km) west of Joplin, Missouri. The city is situated about one-half mile north of the Oklahoma state line at (37.037708, -95.626438), along the west bank of the Verdigris River. The city is the location of the lowest point in the state of Kansas at 679 feet (207 m) above sea level. Coffeyville Municipal Airport is a few miles northeast of the city along US-169. Though Coffeyville is the largest city in Montgomery County, the county seat is Independence, 16 miles (26 km) northwest of the city.
Coffeyville, specifically a spot just north of Coffeyville Country Club, is the default center starting point of Google Maps, being the accidental center point of the default starting map being displayed, which shows the 48 contiguous United States. Other locations that are considered to be the geographic center of the contiguous United States are also in Kansas.
|Climate data for Coffeyville, Kansas|
|Record high °F (°C)||74
|Average high °F (°C)||42
|Average low °F (°C)||20
|Record low °F (°C)||−20
|Precipitation inches (mm)||1.65
|Snowfall inches (cm)||7.7
Coffeyville has experienced a slow and steady population decline since around 1960 when its population peaked. As of 2006 the population was estimated to be 10,387 in the year 2006, a decrease of 645, or -5.8%, over the previous six years.
As of the census of 2010, there were 10,295 people, 4,226 households, and 2,456 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,385.6 inhabitants per square mile (535.0 /km2). There were 5,021 housing units at an average density of 675.8 per square mile (260.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.3% White, 11.7% African American, 5.0% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 3.3% from other races, and 6.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.4% of the population.
There were 4,226 households of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.9% were non-families. 35.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.98.
The median age in the city was 37.1 years. 22.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 13.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 23.6% were from 45 to 64; and 18.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.
As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 11,021 people, 4,691 households, and 2,847 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,562.1 people per square mile (602.7/km²). There were 5,550 housing units at an average density of 786.6 per square mile (303.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.76% White, 12.12% Black or African American, 4.97% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.63% from other races, and 4.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.82% of the population.
There were 4,691 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,542, and the median income for a family was $33,180. Males had a median income of $29,199 versus $17,940 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,182. About 10.9% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.
Coffeyville has a long history as a center of industry and manufacturing.
CVR Energy, operates a 100,000 barrels per day refinery and a large nitrogen fertilizer plant using a unique Texaco process of ammonia extraction from coke by products produced in the refinery. Sherwin Williams Chemical Co. has operated a chemical plant in the community since 1909.
Coffeyville is also home to John Deere Corporation's Coffeyville Works which is a major manufacturer of off road equipment automatic transmissions for the construction, agriculture and mining industries.
Southwire Corp is a maker of stranded and solid core wire and acquired the Leviton Industries facility of American Insulated Wire in 2010.
Acme Foundry is a foundry that has been in operation since 1905 and employing more than 300 people.
Public education is provided by the Coffeyville School District (USD 445). The district educates almost 2,000 students in three facilities. The district has one, large consolidated elementary school with four pods, one middle school and one high school.
- Community Elementary School, grades PK–6.
- Roosevelt Middle School, grades 7–8.
- Field Kindley High School, grades 9–12, named after Field Kindley.
- Holy Name School, grades PK-6, parochial private school operated by the Roman Catholic Church.
Advanced education is provided by Coffeyville Community College at three campuses. The main campus and technical trades campus are each located in Coffeyville, while a third campus is located in Columbus, Kansas. Four-year college degrees are offered by Oklahoma Wesleyan University, Friends University and Sterling College at the main Coffeyville Community College campus. Coffeyville Community College has a long history of academic and athletic success.
The Jefferson Bus Lines has a bus stop in Coffeyville. Northbound bus service from Coffeyville is offered to Chanute, KS; Iola, KS; and Kansas City, MO. Southbound service includes stops in Tulsa OK, Oklahoma City, OK, and Wichita Falls, TX.
The Coffeyville Journal is the local newspaper, published twice a week.
One AM and three FM radio stations are licensed to and/or broadcast from Coffeyville. KGGF (AM) broadcasts on 690 AM, playing a News/Talk format. KUSN, a Country station, is licensed to Dearing, Kansas, but broadcasts from Coffeyville on 98.1 FM. KGGF-FM, licensed to Fredonia, Kansas, broadcasts an Oldies format from Coffeyville on 104.1 FM. KQQF is licensed to Coffeyville and broadcasts on 98.9 FM.
In popular culture and the arts
In the 2002 movie, "Reign of Fire" character Denton Van Zan (Matthew McConaughey) realizes when and how to kill the dragons in the movie. "It was in a wheat field just south of Coffeyville, Kansas. It was late November. It's a month of mist. And we were caught in the open. The sun was setting behind us. There was nowhere to run. Twice it came in on us, and twice it missed the heart of us. And that's when I had an epiphany. You see, they have great vision...in the day. And they have even better vision at night. But in the failing light, they can't focus. Magic hour."
Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Coffeyville include:
- Mildred "Micky" Axton, aviator and educator
- Mildred Burke, American professional wrestler and a member of the Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame
- Phil Ehart, drummer of the rock band "Kansas"
- Denver David Hargis, Kansas politician
- Walter Johnson, Hall of Fame baseball player
- Ron Kenoly, popular worship leader
- Field Eugene Kindley, aviator and World War I ace
- Jack "Dusty" Kleiss, World War II naval aviator and Navy Cross recipient
- Omar Knedlik, inventor of the ICEE frozen drink
- Rudy May, former Major League baseball pitcher
- William Mueller, professional wrestler known under the names, "Trevor Murdoch" and "Jethro Holiday"
- Gary S. Paxton, American record producer of 1962 novelty song "Monster Mash"
- Lafayette "Reb" Russell, football player and western movie actor
- Johnny Rutherford, race car driver
- Cynthia Sikes, actress
- Ralph "Tut" Tuttle, World War II Army Air Corps pilot in the Pacific Theater, flying more than 250 missions, earning two Distinguished Flying Crosses and a Silver Star, brother of Micky Axton (see above)
- Frank Wickware, Negro Leagues and Pre-Negro Leagues baseball pitcher
- Wendell Willkie, 1940 Republican presidential candidate
- "[Coffeyville] was incorporated in March, 1872, but the corporation was found to be illegal and it was again incorporated in March, 1873." —"Coffeyville History". City of Coffeyville. Retrieved 2006-07-16.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- Federal Writers' Project (1939). Kansas: A Guide to the Sunflower State. Works Progress Administration. p. 174.
- Federal Writers' Project (1939). Kansas: A Guide to the Sunflower State. Works Progress Administration. p. 174.
- Jenson, Andrew. Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Salt Lake City:Deseret Book, 1941) p. 391-392
- "Brownback, Roberts view flooded areas in Kansas". KansasCity.Com. Retrieved 2007-07-06.[dead link]
- "Fair Association Press Release". CoffeyvilleFlood.Com. Retrieved 2007-07-07.
- Coffeyville resilient after refinery flood; The Wichita Eagle; September 25, 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Cadenhead, Rogers (2006-02-22). "All Google's Roads Lead to Kansas". Wired. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
- "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01. Released 2007-06-28. Population change is from 2000-07-01 to 2006-07-01.
- "Coffeyville schools". GreatSchools.net. Retrieved 2006-07-16.
- "Kansas City, MO to Wichita Falls, TX route". Jefferson Lines Bus Schedule. Jefferson Lines. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "Record Details - Coffeyville Journal". Kansas Press Association. Retrieved 2013-08-15.
- "Radio Stations in Coffeyville, Kansas". Radio-Locator. Retrieved 2013-08-15.
- "Radio Results Group". Radio Results Group. Retrieved 2013-08-15.
- "TV Market Maps - Tulsa, Oklahoma". EchoStar Knowledge Base. Retrieved 2013-08-15.
- Orr, Timothy, PhD, and Laura Orr, pp 8–11
- "Micky Axton". Eden Prairie News -. October 29, 2008. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- Orr, Timothy, PhD and Laura Orr. "Jack "Dusty" Kleiss and the Battle of Midway". The Daybook, Volume 15, Issue 4. Hampton Roads Naval Museum (HRNM), Department of the Navy. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
- Cadenhead, Rogers (2006-02-22). "All Google's Roads Lead to Kansas". Wired News. Retrieved 2006-07-16. Kristine Crispel's horse farm outside Coffeyville has the distinction of being the center of the world—according to Google.
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coffeyville, Kansas.|
- USD 445, local school district
- Coffeyville, Kansas: The Town That Stopped the Dalton Gang, a National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) lesson plan