Cogges

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Cogges
Cogges is located in Oxfordshire
Cogges
Cogges
 Cogges shown within Oxfordshire
OS grid reference SP3609
Civil parish Witney
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Witney
Postcode district OX28
Dialling code 01993
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 51°47′02″N 1°28′41″W / 51.784°N 1.478°W / 51.784; -1.478

Cogges is a district beside the River Windrush in Witney, Oxfordshire, 0.5 miles (800 m) east of the town centre. It had been a separate village and until 1932 it was a separate civil parish.[1]

History[edit]

The former village centres upon three historic buildings: the Church of England parish church of Saint Mary, the former Vicarage and Cogges Manor Farm. There was also formerly an 11th-century fortified manor house.[2] Two moats survive south of the parish church.[2] One was called Castle Yard, and excavation within the curtilage of the other has revealed massive 12th century foundations.[2]

Parish church[edit]

St. Mary's parish church had been established by the second half of the 11th century.[3] The walls of the nave are Romanesque and may be either late Saxon[3] or early Norman.[4] The south aisle was added late in the 12th century,[3] but the two arches of the arcade between the nave and south aisle were rebuilt in the 13th century.[4] The chancel and chancel arch were enlarged and rebuilt in the middle of the 13th century.[3] In about 1340 the north chapel was added,[3] linked with the chancel by an arcade of two bays and with the 14th century effigy of a lady under one of the arches.[4] The Decorated Gothic[4] north aisle and adjoining bell tower were built in about 1350.[3] The present east window of the chancel is also Decorated Gothic.[4] The tower's upper stages are octagonal,[4] possibly in reference to a style of church towers in Normandy whence the monks from Fécamp would have originated.[3] In the 15th century a Perpendicular Gothic clerestory was added to the nave, and the roofs of the nave, aisles and chancel were all rebuilt in the shallow-pitched late-mediaeval manner.[3] Late in the 15th century the Perpendicular Gothic west window[4] of the nave was inserted.[3] The windows of the north chapel were decorated with stained glass depicting the heraldry of the de Grey family.[3] During the English Civil War in the 17th century the church was damaged and the heraldic glass was destroyed.[3]

Benedictine priory[edit]

A priory of the Benedictine Abbey of Fécamp was founded at Cogges in 1103.[5] The priory became closely associated with the running of the parish church.[3] In 1441 Henry VI seized the priory and its estates and gave them to Eton College,[6] which thus acquired control of the parish church as well.[3] The priory fell into disrepair[2] but the remains of a 13th-century building have survived in an altered form, with an intermediate floor inserted to make it a two-storey building.[7] Early in the 17th century[2] a wing was added to the surviving building to make it into a farmhouse.[2] In 1859 Eton College sold the priory house to the Diocese of Oxford to become St. Mary's Vicarage.[6] A high, gabled Victorian wing was added to enlarge the house, so that the 13th century core is now sandwiched between 17th and 19th century additions.[7]

The Domesday Book records that by 1086 Cogges had a water mill, presumably on the River Windrush.[8] For much of its history Cogges had two water mills: one at the southern tip of the parish and the other north of the Priory.[8] The southern mill was originally called Gold Mill, and its name evolved by 1279 to Gill Mill.[8] By 1670 Gill Mill was being used as a fulling mill and in 1702 and 1712 there were two fulling mills on the site.[8] The last known record of Gill Mill being in operation is from about 1803.[8] The northern mill existed by 1272 and was being used as a fulling mill by 1387.[8] It was still in operation in 1702 but had fallen out of use by 1704.[8]

Manor Farm[edit]

Cogges Manor Farm House

Cogges Manor Farm House (main article: Cogges Manor Farm Museum) is a 16th- and 17th-century house built around the remains of one wing of a manor house that originated in the middle of the 12th century.[7] The remains of the 13th century building were altered in the 16th century[7] and a second wing was added after 1667.[6] In 1974 Oxfordshire County Council bought the house and converted it into a Cogges Manor Farm Museum.[6]5[9]

An open field system of farming prevailed in the parish until 1787 when an Act of Parliament enabled the common land to be enclosed.

Cogges was a separate civil parish until 1932, when the former village became part of Witney and the remaining rural parts were divided between the civil parishes of Ducklington and South Leigh.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Crossley & Elrington 1990, pp. 54–55.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Crossley & Elrington 1990, pp. 54–59.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Crossley & Elrington 1990, pp. 69–72.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 550.
  5. ^ Page 1907, pp. 161–162.
  6. ^ a b c d Crossley & Elrington 1990, pp. 59–61.
  7. ^ a b c d Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 551.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Crossley & Elrington 1990, pp. 61–67.
  9. ^ Cogges Manor Farm Museum

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Cogges Community Picnic

Cogges Connected

Cogges & Newland Community

The Blake Primary School Cogges

Cogges Manor Farm

Media related to Cogges at Wikimedia Commons