Cogne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cogne
Comune
Comune di Cogne
Commune de Cogne
Comune di Cogne.jpg
Coat of arms of Cogne
Coat of arms
Cogne is located in Italy
Cogne
Cogne
Location of Cogne in Italy
Coordinates: 45°36′28.62″N 7°21′20.16″E / 45.6079500°N 7.3556000°E / 45.6079500; 7.3556000Coordinates: 45°36′28.62″N 7°21′20.16″E / 45.6079500°N 7.3556000°E / 45.6079500; 7.3556000
Country Italy
Region Valle d'Aosta
Province none
Frazioni Veulla, Boutillères, Champlong, Crétaz, Épinel, Gimillan, Moline, Montroz, Lillaz et Valnontey
Area
 • Total 212 km2 (82 sq mi)
Elevation 1,534 m (5,033 ft)
Population (31 December 2012)
 • Total 1,439
 • Density 6.8/km2 (18/sq mi)
Demonym Cogneins
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11012
Dialing code 0165
Patron saint Ursus of Aosta
Saint day 1 February
Website Official website

Cogne (Italian pronunciation: [ˈkɔɲɲe], French pronunciation: ​[kɔɲ][1]) is a town and comune in Aosta Valley, northern Italy, with 1439 inhabitants, as of 2012.

Geography[edit]

Cogne is located in the valley with the same name along a stream known as the Torrent Grand' Eyvia. It is the largest municipality in the Valle d'Aosta. Cogne is 140 kilometres (87 mi) from Turin, 160 kilometres (99 mi) from Geneva and 26.5 kilometres (16.5 mi) from Aosta.

The town center of Cogne, called "Veulla" (meaning "town center" in the local Arpitan language), is surrounded by four valleys:

The prati di Sant'Orso is still used to gather hay for livestock.

A large meadow, known as the Sant'Orso meadow (Prati di Sant'Orso), is located at the southern edge of the town center (webcam); the municipal statute forbids any construction works on this meadow, which has received recognition as a "Wonder of Italy".[2][3]

History[edit]

The population of Cogne originates from the Arpitane valleys of the Piedmont region. In the past, economic relations, and trade routes were directed to these valleys, using muletracks and mountain passes, like the colle del Rancio or the colle dell'Arietta. The economic influence of the Aosta Valley is more recent.

Until the 1970s, Cogne was an important mining center for the extraction of iron ore. The main mineral veins were exploited in the mines of Colonne, Licony e Larsinaz. The ore (mainly magnetite) was transported for processing to the Cogne steel plant in Aosta using a narrow gauge railway. The mines were closed in 1979.

Recent natural disasters that have hit the region include the flood of 1993 and that of October 15, 2000, when more than 400 millimetres (16 in) of rain fell in two days, causing inundations and landslides.

Sport[edit]

Cogne is an international center of cross country skiing with 70 kilometres (43 mi) of trails. There are also 9 kilometres (6 mi) of downhill runs, many walks on the snow and more than 140 icefalls. During the summer, hiking and mountain biking are popular.[4]

Main sights[edit]

Trivia[edit]

Cogne is also famous for the Cogne Homicide.

References[edit]

  1. ^ See the entry Cogne in the online Dizionario d'ortografia e di pronunzia: [1].
  2. ^ [http://www.aostasera.it/articoli/2012/12/27/25209/cogne-i-prati-di-santorso-sono-una-meraviglia-italiana Cogne, i prati di Sant'Orso sono una "Meraviglia Italiana". - AostaSera.it
  3. ^ Prateria di S. Orso - Cogne - sito paesaggistico sul sito ufficiale "Meraviglia Italiana"
  4. ^ Official tourism site

External links[edit]

Media related to Cogne at Wikimedia Commons