Coyhaique

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Coihaique
Coyhaique
City and Commune
Panoramic view of the city
Panoramic view of the city
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of the Coihaique commune in Los Aisén Region
Location of the Coihaique commune in Aisén Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Coihaique
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 45°34′S 72°04′W / 45.567°S 72.067°W / -45.567; -72.067Coordinates: 45°34′S 72°04′W / 45.567°S 72.067°W / -45.567; -72.067
Country Chile
Region Aisén
Province Coihaique
Founded as Baquedano
Founded October 12, 1929
Government[1] [2]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Alejandro Huala Canumán (PS)
Area[3]
 • Total 7,320.5 km2 (2,826.5 sq mi)
Elevation 302 m (991 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[3]
 • Total 53,715
 • Density 7.3/km2 (19/sq mi)
 • Urban 44,850
 • Rural 5,191
Demonym Coyhaiquino
Sex[3]
 • Men 25,453
 • Women 24,588
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Postal code 5950000
Area code(s) 56 + 67
Website Official website (Spanish)

Coihaique (Spanish pronunciation: [koiˈaike]), also spelled Coyhaique in Patagonia, is the capital city of both the Coihaique Province and the Aysén Region of Chile. Founded by settlers in 1929, it is a young city. Until the twentieth century, Chile showed little interest in exploiting the remote Aisén region. The Carretera Austral road opened in the 1980s.

Geography and climate[edit]

The commune of Coihaique spans an area of 43,297 km2 (16,717 sq mi).[3] It is surrounded by rivers (Simpson and Coihaique) and by mountains. The mountains may be snow-covered throughout the year, thus Coihaique is sometimes called the city of eternal snow. Under the Köppen climate classification, Coyhaique has an oceanic climate, though it is considerably less wet than coastal settlements like Puerto Montt or Puerto Aysén since the coastal mountains provide considerable shielding from the westerly winds. Temperatures are moderate during the months of November through April, whilstrom May until October, temperatures are chilly and accompanied by the possibility of snowfall.

Climate data for Coyhaique
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.4
(95.7)
31.0
(87.8)
30.8
(87.4)
23.8
(74.8)
18.6
(65.5)
15.4
(59.7)
19.2
(66.6)
17.2
(63)
23.0
(73.4)
25.6
(78.1)
29.2
(84.6)
30.6
(87.1)
35.4
(95.7)
Average high °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
18.9
(66)
16.8
(62.2)
12.9
(55.2)
8.6
(47.5)
5.5
(41.9)
5.3
(41.5)
7.8
(46)
10.8
(51.4)
13.6
(56.5)
15.6
(60.1)
17.3
(63.1)
12.6
(54.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
15.0
(59)
13.1
(55.6)
9.7
(49.5)
6.0
(42.8)
3.2
(37.8)
2.9
(37.2)
5.0
(41)
7.7
(45.9)
10.3
(50.5)
12.4
(54.3)
14.2
(57.6)
9.5
(49.1)
Average low °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
8.9
(48)
7.5
(45.5)
5.3
(41.5)
2.9
(37.2)
0.6
(33.1)
0.2
(32.4)
1.5
(34.7)
3.1
(37.6)
5.1
(41.2)
7.1
(44.8)
8.8
(47.8)
5.0
(41)
Record low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
0.0
(32)
−3.0
(26.6)
−8.2
(17.2)
−9.0
(15.8)
−14.7
(5.5)
−14.6
(5.7)
−13.4
(7.9)
−14.1
(6.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
0.0
(32)
0.6
(33.1)
−14.7
(5.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 56.9
(2.24)
44.2
(1.74)
65.7
(2.587)
91.4
(3.598)
126.5
(4.98)
125.9
(4.957)
131.3
(5.169)
112.4
(4.425)
71.7
(2.823)
54.0
(2.126)
52.5
(2.067)
61.0
(2.402)
993.5
(39.114)
Avg. precipitation days 13 10 12 15 19 18 18 18 14 12 13 12 174
 % humidity 59 60 64 71 80 82 81 74 67 61 59 59 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 251.1 234.5 192.2 144.0 80.6 63.0 83.7 124.0 159.0 207.7 228.0 260.4 2,028.2
Source #1: Dirección Meteorológica de Chile[4]
Source #2: Universidad de Chile (sunshine hours only)[5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Coihaique has 50,041 inhabitants (25,453 men and 24,588 women). Of these, 44,850 (89.6%) lived in urban areas and 5,191 (10.4%) in rural areas. The population grew by 15.6% (6,744 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[3]

Administration[edit]

As a commune, Coihaique is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2012-2016 alcalde is Alejandro Huala Canumán (PS).[1][2] He was preceded by Omar Muñoz Sierra (UDI) from 2008 to 2012 and David Sandoval Plaza (also UDI), who served from 2000 to 2008.

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Coihaique is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by René Alinco (PDC) and the former mayor David Sandoval as part of the 59th electoral district, which includes the entire Aisén Region. The commune is represented in the Senate by Antonio Horvath Kiss (RN) and Patricio Walker Prieto (PDC) as part of the 18th senatorial constituency (Aisén Region).

Society and culture[edit]

Monument to the shepherd
View of Coihaique

The town square is laid out in the shape of a pentagon in honor of the Carabineros, the national police force. A Carabinero general was one of the town's founders.

Transport and tourism[edit]

Travelers arrive by a number of means, including by air through the local airport, by sea through ships that dock at Puerto Chacabuco (near Puerto Aisén, about one hour to the west of Coihaique), and by road. Two border crossings near Coihaique allow entry into Argentina. Fly fishing is popular along its rivers and lakes.

LAN has three daily flights from Santiago to Balmaceda Airport, located 40 km (25 mi) from Coihaique. Other airlines also provide services. Connections from Balmaceda airport to points further south in Chile will often require a connection in Puerto Montt.

Its sole ski resort, El Fraile, provides two ski lifts and a couple of tracks but no on-site lodging.

Hotspots
  • Simpson and Coihaique Rivers, well known for fly fishing
  • Piedra del Indio, an Indian-shaped rock besides the Simpson River
  • Happy Stone, a large rock in the middle of a plain where people go to party

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Municipality of Coihaique" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "Estadisca Climatologica Tomo III (pg 247-270)" (in Spanish). Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil. March 2001. Retrieved January 15, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Medias mensuales de horas de sol diarias extraıdas del WRDC para las ciudades Chilenas" (PDF) (in Spanish). Universidad de Chile. September 2007. Retrieved March 16, 2014. 

External links[edit]