Coil (hieroglyph)

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Z7
Coil
in hieroglyphs
The Ancient Egyptian Coil hieroglyph is Gardiner sign listed no. Z7 for a 'coil'. It is the Egyptian hieratic version of the quail chick hieroglyph. The similar shaped Coil-of-rope (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. V1,
V1
, is the numerical '100'.

The coil hieroglyph is used in the Ancient Egyptian language hieroglyphs as an equivalent for the Quail chick (hieroglyph), but is also used in other word constructions, probably for the balance of the hieroglyph composition block. The coil as well as the quail chick are used for the alphabetic vowel letter w, (or u).[1] Because 'w' is not a "vowel", the use is often in the form of 'woo' for the w, and 'oo' for the u.

Quail chick or coil, the plural[edit]

Besides the plural in the Egyptian language of using a hieroglyph in triplicate, or the Gardiner signs of 3-strokes, nos. Z2, Z3, Z2ss,
Z2
,
Z3
,
Z2ss
, the coil and the quail chick at the end of a word-group, signifies the plural.

The Egyptian hieroglyph alphabetic letters[edit]

The following two tables show the Egyptian uniliteral signs. (24 letters, but multiple use hieroglyphs)

a
G1
i
M17
y
M17 M17
'
D36
(w,u)
G43
B
b
P
p
F
f
M
G17
N
N35
R
D21
H1
h
H2
H
Kh1
Aa1
Kh2
F32
S
O34
(Sh)=Š
N37
Q/K2
N29
K
k
G
g
T
t
ChTj
V13
D
d
Dj
I10
L/(R)
(special)
(Ptolemaic,
etc.)
E23
-- -- -- -- --
a i
(ee)
y
ii
'
ah, (aïn)
w, (u)
(oo)
B
P F M N R H1
H2 (Kh)1 (Kh)2 S Sh
(Sh)
K
emphatic
K G T Tj
Ch
Tsh
D Dj
(additionally 4
for vert/horiz)
-- -- -- -- --
Aa15

M
(horiz)
M2-Plinth
S3

N
(vert)
(see:
N (red crown))
S29

S
(vert)
S (folded)
cloth)
Egyptian-M.png
M
(3rd-M
-2nd-vert)
M3-Baker's tool
(vertical)
(additionally 3
for equivalents)
-- -- -- -- --
M17 M17 (2 reeds)

is—
Z4 (2 strokes)

y2-Two strokes
G43 (quail)

is—
Z7 (coil)

letter w, u
(see w2-Coil)
U33

T
(no. 2)
T2-Pestle

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schumann-Antelme, and Rossini, 1998. Illustrated Hieroglyphics Handbook, uniliteral: U25, p. 66-67.
  • Schumann-Antelme, and Rossini, 1998. Illustrated Hieroglyphics Handbook, Ruth Schumann-Antelme, and Stéphane Rossini. c 1998, English trans. 2002, Sterling Publishing Co. (Index, Summary lists (tables), selected uniliterals, biliterals, and triliterals.) (softcover, ISBN 1-4027-0025-3)