Bocas del Toro Creole

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Bocas del Toro Creole
Panamanian Creole English
Native to Panama
Native speakers
270,000  (2000)[1]
English creole
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Linguist list
Glottolog None

Bocas del Toro Creole, or Panamanian Creole English, is a dialect of Jamaican Creole English spoken in Bocas del Toro Province, Panama. Bocas del Toro Creole is a dialect of Jamaican Creole similar to Central American and Puerto Rican varieties such as Limón Coastal Creole.[1] It does not have the status of an official language.

The native speakers of this dialect call it Guari-guari.[2] It also goes by the names of Colón Creole and Rio Abajo Creole. It is a hybrid tongue of English and Spanish with elements of the local Guaymí language of the Ngöbe Buglé people.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Jamaican Creole English at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ a b Schreck, Kristina (2007). Frommer's Panama. John Wiley & Sons. p. 306.