Colchians (Georgian: კოლხები) was a Greco-Roman designation for ancient Mingrelians-Lazs who inhabited the west and southwest of the Transcaucasus region in prehistoric and historic times. Ancient Colchians are identified as modern western Georgians (Mingrelian-Lazs) who have originated from the early Georgian state of Colchis.
The kingdom of Colchis which existed from the sixth to the first centuries BC is regarded as the first early Georgian state and the term Colchians was used as the collective term for early Kartvelian tribes (Mingrelians-Lazs) which populated the western coast of the Black Sea.
According to the scholar of the Caucasian studies Cyril Toumanoff:
||Colchis appears as the first Caucasian State to have achieved the coalescence of the newcomer. Colchis can be justly regarded as not a proto-Georgian but a West Georgian (Mingrelians-Lazs) kingdom. . . .It would seem natural to seek the beginnings of Georgian social history in Colchis, the earliest Georgian formation.
See also 
- ^ The Cambridge Ancient History, John Anthony Crook, Elizabeth Rawson, p. 255
- ^ The Making of the Georgian Nation, Ronald Grigor Suny, p. 13
- ^ Readings in the History of the Ancient World, William Coffman McDermott, Wallace Everett Caldwell, p. 404
- ^ Antiquity 1994. Pp. 359
- ^ Georgian Nation p. 13
- ^ a b Modern Hatreds p. 91
- ^ Cyril Toumanoff p 69
- ^ One Europe p. 282
- ^ bse.sci-lib.com
- ^ Modern Hatreds, Symbolic Politics of Ethnic War, Stuart J. Kaufman p. 91.
- ^ CToumanoff. Cyril Toumanoff, Studies in Christian Caucasian History, p 69,84