Cold Lake, Alberta

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Cold Lake
City
City of Cold Lake
Official logo of Cold Lake
Logo
Cold Lake is located in Alberta
Cold Lake
Cold Lake
Location of Cold Lake in Alberta
Coordinates: 54°27′51″N 110°10′57″W / 54.46417°N 110.18250°W / 54.46417; -110.18250Coordinates: 54°27′51″N 110°10′57″W / 54.46417°N 110.18250°W / 54.46417; -110.18250
Country Canada
Province Alberta
Region Central Alberta
Census division 12
Incorporated [1][2]
 - Village 

December 31, 1953
 - Town July 2, 1955
 - City October 1, 2000
Government[3]
 • Mayor Craig Copeland
 • Governing body
 • CAO Kevin Nagoya
 • MP Brian Storseth
 • MLA Genia Leskiw
Area (2011)[4]
 • Total 59.30 km2 (22.90 sq mi)
Elevation[5] 540 m (1,770 ft)
Population (2011)[4]
 • Total 13,839
 • Density 233.4/km2 (605/sq mi)
 • Municipal census (2014) 15,736[6]
  Population rank: 87
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)
Postal code span T9M
Area code(s) +1-780, +1-587
Highways Highway 28
Highway 55
Website Official website

Cold Lake is a city in northeastern Alberta, Canada, named after the lake near which it is situated.

History[edit]

Cold Lake was first recorded on a 1790 map, by the name of Coldwater Lake.[2] Originally three communities, Cold Lake was formed by merging the Town of Grand Centre, the Town of Cold Lake, and Medley (Canadian Forces Base 4 Wing) on October 1, 1996. Grand Centre was renamed Cold Lake South, and the original Cold Lake is known as Cold Lake North. Because of its origins, the area is also known as the Tri-Town.

Geography[edit]

The city is situated in Alberta's "Lakeland" district, 300 km (190 mi) northeast of Edmonton, near the Alberta-Saskatchewan provincial border. The area surrounding the city is sparsely populated, and consists mostly of farmland. The Cold Lake Air Weapons Range, located to the north of the city, is the Canadian equivalent to the United States Air Force's Nellis Air Force Range.

Climate[edit]

Cold Lake's climate is humid continental (Köppen climate classification Dfb).

Climate data for Cold Lake Regional Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high Humidex 10.6 12.1 17.1 28.7 33.8 38.0 43.2 39.0 32.7 27.7 18.3 10.0 43.2
Record high °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
14.1
(57.4)
17.9
(64.2)
29.4
(84.9)
32.5
(90.5)
36.3
(97.3)
36.1
(97)
36.1
(97)
32.8
(91)
27.4
(81.3)
18.9
(66)
10.1
(50.2)
36.3
(97.3)
Average high °C (°F) −10.0
(14)
−6.2
(20.8)
0.8
(33.4)
10.1
(50.2)
16.8
(62.2)
21.0
(69.8)
23.3
(73.9)
22.4
(72.3)
16.5
(61.7)
8.8
(47.8)
−2.2
(28)
−9.4
(15.1)
7.7
(45.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.1
(4.8)
−11.8
(10.8)
−4.9
(23.2)
4.1
(39.4)
10.4
(50.7)
14.9
(58.8)
17.4
(63.3)
16.1
(61)
10.5
(50.9)
3.6
(38.5)
−6.3
(20.7)
−13.9
(7)
2.1
(35.8)
Average low °C (°F) −20.1
(−4.2)
−17.5
(0.5)
−10.5
(13.1)
−1.9
(28.6)
3.9
(39)
8.8
(47.8)
11.4
(52.5)
9.9
(49.8)
4.5
(40.1)
−1.5
(29.3)
−10.3
(13.5)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
Record low °C (°F) −48.3
(−54.9)
−42.8
(−45)
−41.1
(−42)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−9.9
(14.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
0.0
(32)
−1.5
(29.3)
−9.4
(15.1)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−48.3
(−54.9)
Wind chill −53.3 −55.4 −49.3 −37.2 −14.7 −6.7 0.0 −6.0 −14.9 −29.0 −48.5 −52.6 −55.4
Precipitation mm (inches) 16.1
(0.634)
10.8
(0.425)
17.4
(0.685)
31.3
(1.232)
40.9
(1.61)
73.2
(2.882)
78.6
(3.094)
56.6
(2.228)
38.9
(1.531)
19.6
(0.772)
19.4
(0.764)
18.4
(0.724)
421.0
(16.575)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.3
(0.012)
0.2
(0.008)
2.7
(0.106)
18.4
(0.724)
37.4
(1.472)
73.2
(2.882)
78.6
(3.094)
56.4
(2.22)
38.5
(1.516)
11.3
(0.445)
1.6
(0.063)
0.8
(0.031)
319.2
(12.567)
Snowfall cm (inches) 22.5
(8.86)
15.2
(5.98)
17.7
(6.97)
13.9
(5.47)
3.4
(1.34)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.04)
0.4
(0.16)
7.9
(3.11)
23.4
(9.21)
24.0
(9.45)
128.6
(50.63)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 9.9 7.2 7.4 7.9 9.9 12.6 13.5 11.6 9.9 8.6 9.2 10.0 117.6
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.5 0.2 1.0 5.2 9.4 12.6 13.5 11.6 9.7 5.7 1.4 0.6 71.4
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 10.6 8.4 7.3 3.9 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 4.2 9.4 10.8 56.0
 % humidity 69.4 62.6 54.9 44.2 41.8 47.8 52.6 51.0 51.9 54.9 70.4 74.2 56.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 87.1 118.2 172.3 221.6 260.0 265.2 283.0 279.9 176.9 140.9 82.2 68.3 2,155.5
Percent possible sunshine 35.4 43.1 47.0 52.6 52.3 51.6 54.9 60.6 46.2 43.1 32.1 29.7 45.7
Source: [7]

Demographics[edit]

The population of the City of Cold Lake according to its 2014 municipal census is 15,736,[6] a 9.3% change from its 2012 municipal census population of 14,400.[21]

In the 2011 Census, the City of Cold Lake had a population of 13,839 living in 5,150 of its 5,626 total dwellings; this is a 15.4% change from its 2006 population of 11,991. With a land area of 59.3 km2 (22.9 sq mi), it had a population density of 233.4/km2 (604.4/sq mi) in 2011.[4]

In 2006, Cold Lake had a population of 11,991 living in 4,834 dwellings, a 4.1% increase from 2001. The city has a land area of 59.30 km2 (22.90 sq mi) and a population density of 202.2/km2 (524/sq mi).[22]

About 8.7% of residents identified themselves as aboriginal at the time of the 2006 census.[23]

Almost 89% of residents identified English and more than 7% identified French as their first language. Almost 1% identified German, 0.5% identified Chinese, 0.4% each identified Dutch and Ukrainian, and 0.3% each identified Cree and Arabic as their first language learned.[24]

About 82 percent of residents identified as Christian at the time of the 2001 census, while more than 17 percent indicated they had no religious affiliation. For specific denominations Statistics Canada found that 40% of residents identified as Roman Catholic, 14% identified with the United Church of Canada, 5.5% identified as Anglican, 3% as Baptist, 2.5% as Lutheran, and 2% as Pentecostal.[25]

Economy[edit]

The city's economy is inextricably linked to military spending at CFB Cold Lake. The region also supports oil and gas exploration and production. The Athabasca Oil Sands project in Fort McMurray is having a growing influence in the region as well. The Cold Lake oil sands may become a significant contributor to the local economy.

Every year Cold Lake hosts military forces from around the world for Exercise Maple Flag, a training exercise where pilots and support staff of NATO allies can take advantage of the Air Weapons Range and relatively open rural air space. Running from 4 to 6 weeks and starting in May of each year, commercial accommodations in the entire region are left with little to no vacancy. This annual exercise contributes a substantial amount of capital into these industries and other hospitality-related businesses.

Sports[edit]

Cold Lake has a variety of sports, including:

  • Hockey (Home to the Cold Lake Ice, Junior B Team) & (Home to the Cold Lake Freeze, Minor Hockey Teams)
  • Lacrosse (Home to the Cold Lake Heat, Minor Lacrosse Teams)[26]
  • Volleyball (Assumption and CLHS Royals)
  • Football (CLHS Royals)
  • Basketball (Assumption and CLHS Royals)
  • Soccer (indoor and outdoor)
  • Baseball
  • Rugby (Assumption Crusader's and CLHS Royals combined team and Cold Lake Penguins Men's RFC)
  • Hapkido
  • Tae Kwon Do (unified taekwondo, and occasionally International Taekwon-Do Federation or World Taekwondo Federation)
  • Figure Skating (Cold Lake Figure Skating Club)[27]
  • Figure Skating (Norlight Skating Club)
  • Downhill Skiing (Kinosoo Ridge Snow Resort)[28]
  • Dancing (Pirouette School of Dance with award winning dance team, Fame Dance (Located at the Energy Centre)[29]
  • Mixed Martial Arts (Team Sparta)
  • Roller Derby (Lakeland Ladykillers Roller Derby League)
  • Swimming (Cold Lake Marlins Swim Club)[30]
  • Powerlifting (Cold Lake Bar Benders)
  • Gymnastics (Lakeland Gymnastics Club)

Government[edit]

The last local election was held in October 2013, seeing 7 councillor candidates and no mayoral candidates. The incumbent mayor was acclaimed, and all 6 incumbent councillors were re-elected to council.

  • Raymond Coates, 1996–1998
  • Hansa Thaleshvar, 1998–2004
  • Allan Buck, 2004–2007
  • Craig Copeland, 2007–present

The current councillors of Cold Lake are Bob Buckle, Duane Lay, Victoria Lefebvre, Darrell MacDonald, Kelvin Plain, and Chris Vining.

At the provincial level, the city is in the district of Bonnyville-Cold Lake. Its current representative is Genia Leskiw, from the Progressive Conservatives.

At the federal level, the city is in the district of Westlock—St. Paul, and is the largest community in the riding. Its current representative is Brian Storseth, from the Conservative Party of Canada.

Education[edit]

Portage College operates a campus at Cold Lake. Program offerings include academic upgrading, accounting, community social works, nursing, power engineering and university studies among others.[31]

Lakeland Catholic School District No. 150 and Northern Lights School Division No. 69 operate public schools within Cold Lake.[32][33] Cold Lake also hosts a Francophone school named École Voyageur that offers French programming for kindergarten through grade 12,[citation needed] as well as the Cold Lake Cadet Summer Training Centre.

Lakeland Catholic School District No. 150
  • Holy Cross Elementary School (offering kindergarten through grade 6 programming)[34]
  • École St. Dominic School (offering pre-kindergarten through grade 6 English and French programming)[35]
  • Assumption Junior/Senior High School (offering grade 7 through grade 12 English and French programming)[36]
Northern Lights School Division No. 69
  • Cold Lake Elementary School (offering pre-kindergarten through grade 3 programming)[37]
  • Ecole North Star Elementary School (offering kindergarten through grade 3 English and French programming)[38]
  • Nelson Heights School (offering grade 4 through grade 8 programming)[39]
  • Cold Lake Middle School (offering grade 4 through grade 8 English and French programming)[40]
  • Cold Lake High School (offering grade 9 through grade 12 programming)[41]
  • Bridges Outreach School (offering grade 8 and grade 9 programming)[42]
  • Cold Lake Outreach School (offering grade 10 through grade 12 programming)[43]

Media[edit]

The Cold Lake Sun is a local weekly newspaper that serves Cold Lake.[44]

Recreation[edit]

Cold Lake is situated near a large number of campgrounds due to its proximity to the lake. The M.D. campground has powered sites, shower facilities with flush toilets, a covered camp picnic area, and a lookout. The Cold Lake Provincial Park has a large number of sites, and is more secluded than the M.D. site (which is surrounded by development). The Provincial campground boasts a wilderness trail system, a beach, boatlaunch and a powered section. Nearby Meadow Lake Provincial Park to the east, across the border in Saskatchewan, has facilities similar to Cold Lake Provincial Park.

Kinosoo Beach is a favorite destination during the hot summer months between June and August.

The Iron Horse Trail, a recreational trail situated on a former railway line (see rail trail) has its eastern-most terminus in Cold Lake.

Recreational past times include, among others:

  • Hockey[45]
  • Box Lacrosse[46]
  • Geocaching
  • Martial Arts
  • Rugby
  • Soccer
  • Swimming
  • Bowling
  • Curling
  • Gymnastics
  • Golf
  • Horseback Riding
  • 4H (in Cherry Grove)
  • Rodeo (Cold Lake Ag Society)
  • Dance
  • Sailing[47]
  • Boating
  • Fishing
  • Downhill Skiing[28]
  • Roller Derby[48]
  • Cold Lake Museums

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2010-09-17). "Municipal Profile – City of Cold Lake". Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  2. ^ a b Sanders, Harry (2003). The Story Behind Alberta Names How Cities, Towns, Villages and Hamlets Got their Names. Red Deer Press. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-88995-256-0. 
  3. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. October 31, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  5. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Census shows more than 9 per cent growth over two years". City of Cold Lake. July 9, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Calculation Information for 1981 to 2010 Canadian Normals Data". Environment Canada. Retrieved July 9, 2013. 
  8. ^ Ninth Census of Canada, 1951. SP-7, Population: Unincorporated villages and hamlets. Dominion Bureau of Statistics. p. 55-57. 
  9. ^ "Table 6: Population by sex, for census subdivisions, 1956 and 1951". Census of Canada, 1956. Population, Counties and Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1957. p. 6.50-6.53. 
  10. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada. Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1963. p. 6.77-6.83. 
  11. ^ "Population by specified age groups and sex, for census subdivisions, 1966". Census of Canada, 1966. Population, Specified Age Groups and Sex for Counties and Census Subdivisions, 1966. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1968. p. 6.50-6.53. 
  12. ^ "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada. Volume I: Population, Census Subdivisions (Historical). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1973. p. 2.102-2.111. 
  13. ^ "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. Volume I: Population, Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977. p. 3.40-3.43. 
  14. ^ "Table 4: Population and Total Occupied Dwellings, for Census Divisions and Subdivisions, 1976 and 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Volume II: Provincial series, Population, Geographic distributions (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. p. 4.1-4.10. ISBN 0-660-51095-2. 
  15. ^ "Table 2: Census Divisions and Subdivisions – Population and Occupied Private Dwellings, 1981 and 1986". Census Canada 1986. Population and Dwelling Counts – Provinces and Territories (Alberta). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1987. p. 2.1-2.10. ISBN 0-660-53463-0. 
  16. ^ "Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data". 91 Census. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1992. p. 100-108. ISBN 0-660-57115-3. 
  17. ^ "Table 10: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions, Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) and Designated Places, 1991 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data". 96 Census. A National Overview – Population and Dwelling Counts. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1997. p. 136-146. ISBN 0-660-59283-5. 
  18. ^ "2001 Community Profiles – Cold Lake, Alberta (Town / Dissolved)". Statistics Canada. 2007-02-01. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  19. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  20. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2012-04-02. 
  21. ^ "Cold Lake continues to grow according to municipal census". City of Cold Lake. August 1, 2012. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  22. ^ Statistics Canada (Census 2006). "Cold Lake - Community Profile". Retrieved 2007-06-30.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  23. ^ "Cold Lake". Aboriginal Identity (8), Sex (3) and Age Groups (12) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2008-01-15. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  24. ^ "Cold Lake". Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2001 and 2006 Censuses - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  25. ^ "Cold Lake". Religion (95A), Age Groups (7A) and Sex (3) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 1991 and 2001 Censuses - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-03-01. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  26. ^ Lakeland Lacrosse Lakeland Lacrosse
  27. ^ Cold Lake Figure Skating Club
  28. ^ a b Kinosoo Ridge Snow Resort
  29. ^ Pirouette School of Dance- Dance Studio
  30. ^ Cold Lake Marlins Swim Club
  31. ^ "Cold Lake Campus". Portage College. Retrieved July 2, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Lakeland Catholic Schools". Lakeland Catholic School District. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  33. ^ "Welcome". Northern Lights School Division No. 69. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  34. ^ "Holy Cross Elementary". Lakeland Catholic School District. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  35. ^ "St. Dominic Elementary School". Lakeland Catholic School District. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  36. ^ "Assumption Jr/Sr High School". Lakeland Catholic School District. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  37. ^ "Cold Lake Elementary: Staff Directory". Northern Lights School Division No. 69. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  38. ^ "Ecole North Star Elementary School: Programs". Northern Lights School Division No. 69. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  39. ^ "Nelson Heights School: Programs". Northern Lights School Division No. 69. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  40. ^ "Cold Lake Middle School: Programs". Northern Lights School Division No. 69. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  41. ^ "Cold Lake High School: Programs". Northern Lights School Division No. 69. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  42. ^ "Bridges Outreach School: Programs". Northern Lights School Division No. 69. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  43. ^ "Cold Lake Outreach School: Programs". Northern Lights School Division No. 69. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  44. ^ "Cold Lake Sun". Canoe Sun Media. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  45. ^ Cold Lake Minor Hockey
  46. ^ Lakeland Lacrosse
  47. ^ Cold Lake Sailing Club
  48. ^ Lakeland Ladykillers Roller Derby League

External links[edit]