A cold chill (also known as chills, the chills, frisson or simply thrills) is described by David Huron[clarification needed] as, "a pleasant tingling feeling, associated with the flexing of hair follicles resulting in goose bumps (technically called piloerection), accompanied by a cold sensation, and sometimes producing a shudder or shiver." Dimpled skin is often visible due to cold chills especially on the back of the neck or upper spine. Unlike shivering, however, it is not caused by temperature, menopause, or anxiety but rather is an emotionally triggered response when one is deeply affected by things such as music, speech, or recollection.
- Maruskin, Laura A.; Todd M. Thrash and Andrew J. Elliot (7). "The Chills as a Psychological Construct: Content Universe, Factor Structure, Affective Composition, Elicitors, Trait Antecedents, and Consequences". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 103 (1): 135–157. doi:10.1037/a0028117. PMID 22564010.
- David Huron. Biological Templates for Musical Experience: From Fear to Pleasure. Abstract
- Panksepp, J. (1995). "The emotional sources of chills induced by music". Music Perception 13 (2): 171–207. doi:10.2307/40285693.
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