Location in Sumter County and the state of Florida
|• Total||1.5 sq mi (3.8 km2)|
|• Land||1.5 sq mi (3.8 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||66 ft (20 m)|
|• Density||431.3/sq mi (170.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0280642|
Second Seminole War
On June 8, 1840, Colonel W. J. Worth, Colonel Bennet Riley, and the Second and Eighth Infantry divisions transferred to Fort McClure to search the Lake Panasoffkee area for Seminole Warriors. Three days later, the troops discovered an empty village.
By 1853, Fort McClure was renamed Warm Springs.
In 1882, the town was renamed Coleman after Dr. B. F. Coleman.
The main industries were citrus, cotton, and cattle. According to Broward Mill, the past president of the Sumter County Historical Society, Coleman became known for its cabbage production in the early part of the 20th century.
In 1992, Southwest Florida Water Management District (SWFWMD) officials approved the purchase of 8.762 acres (square kilometers) on the northeastern shores of Lake Panasoffkee near Coleman for the purchase of environmental preservation. SWFWMD officials sought to preserve over 300 species and neighboring Lake Panasoffkee. Although some residents applauded the move, others, such as Sumter County Commissioner Jim Allen, felt that the agency would prevent public usage of the land.
Coleman is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), all land.
The city is in the South Central Florida Ridge section as defined by the USDA. Most of Coleman's soils are sandy and moderately well drained or somewhat poorly drained. Topsoils are acidic but subsoils may be alkaline with frequent presence of limestone boulders. A somewhat poorly drained, mildly alkaline sandy clay loam lies southeast of the built-up area.
As of the census of 2000, there were 647 people, 257 households, and 178 families residing in the city. The population density was 445.0 inhabitants per square mile (172.3/km²). There were 301 housing units at an average density of 207.0 per square mile (80.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 60.74% White, 36.17% African American, 0.15% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 2.16% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.78% of the population.
There were 257 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 19.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,500, and the median income for a family was $27,679. Males had a median income of $27,109 versus $16,429 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,186. About 19.9% of families and 22.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.3% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Table 4: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Florida, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005". U.S. Census Bureau. June 20, 2006. Retrieved 26 February 2011.
- Thomas Foreman, Carolyn (Sep 1941). "General Bennet Riley—Commandant at Fort Gibson and Governor of California". Chronicles of Oklahoma (Oklahoma State University) 19 (3): 241. Retrieved Apr 4, 2014.
- "Rail Road Convention in Tallahassee". Floridian & Journal (Tallahassee, Florida: Floridian & Journal). Jun 18, 1853. p. 2. Retrieved Apr 4, 2014.
- Daily Commercial Staff (Jun 25, 2006). "Coleman rural, but correctional facility brings jobs" (PDF). Newcomers Guide. Daily Commercial. Retrieved Apr 10, 2014.
- United States Department of Agriculture (1988). Soil Survey of Sumter County, Florida. Washington, D.C.: Soil Conservation Service. pp. 2–3. Retrieved Apr 20, 2014.
- Coll, Aloysius (May 23, 1926). "Sumter County Citizens Want to Show Goods". St. Petersburg Times (St. Petersburg, Florida: St. Petersburg Times). Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- Stephens, Henry A. (Nov 2, 1992). "State set to buy lake land". Ocala Star-Banner (Ocala, Florida: Ocala Star-Banner). pp. 8A. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
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