Colias hyale

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Pale Clouded Yellow
Colias hyale2009transilvania.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Pieridae
Genus: Colias
Species: Colias hyale
Binomial name
Colias hyale
(Linnaeus, 1758)

Pale Clouded Yellow (Colias hyale) is a small butterfly of the Family Pieridae, that is, the Yellows and Whites, which is found in most of Europe and large parts of Asia. It is a migrant to the British Isles and Scandinavia.

Male
Female
Illustration from John Curtis's British Entomology Volume 5

Description[edit]

The upperside of the male is more or less light lemon-yellow, with the black marginal and submarginal bands more or less complete on both wings; the black middle spot of the forewing large, in centre of hindwing an orange-yellow double spot; base of wings more or less dusted with black. The underside is bright yellow, being somewhat lighter on the forewing, with small marginal and larger submarginal red-brown spots; the middle spot of the forewing black with pale centre, the hindwing bearing a double spot which is mother-of-pearl colour, encircled by a double ring of red-brown; fringes above and beneath, as well as head and antenna red-brown. In the female the ground-colour of the upperside and the proximal area of the underside of the forewing is white, being slightly yellowish.

The egg is bottle-shaped, whitish, with yellowish brown stripes. The larva is bluish green or grass-green, velvety, there being on the back two rows of blackish dots which are traversed by two thin yellow longitudinal lines, above the legs a yellow or reddish longitudinal side-line, head dark green; the autumnal larvae without black dorsal spots.Pupa green, with yellow lateral lines.

Biology[edit]

The larva feeds on Vicia cracca, Fabaceae, Vicia, Coronilla, Medicago, Lotus, Cytisus, Trifolium

Habitat[edit]

Flower meadows up to 2,000 metres a.s.l.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Colias hyale hyale Europe, Ukraine S. Russia
  • Colias hyale alta Staudinger, 1886 a large form with a broad black marginal band provisionally accepted as a full species that flies only at high altitudes in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan "but it may only be a subspecies of C. hyale".

by Grieshuber & Lamas, 2007 [1]

  • Colias hyale altaica Verity, 1911 Altaï
  • Colias hyale irkutskana Stauder, 1924
  • Colias hyale palidis Fruhstorfer, 1910 East Siberia
  • Colias hyale novasinensis Reissinger, 1989 Gansu

References[edit]

  • Evans, W.H. (1932) The Identification of Indian Butterflies. (2nd Edn), Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India
  • Gaonkar, Harish (1996) Butterflies of the Western Ghats, India (including Sri Lanka) - A Biodiversity Assessment of a threatened mountain system. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society.
  • Gay,Thomas; Kehimkar,Isaac & Punetha,J.C.(1992) Common Butterflies of India. WWF-India and Oxford University Press, Mumbai, India.
  • Kunte,Krushnamegh (2005) Butterflies of Peninsular India. Universities Press.
  • Wynter-Blyth, M.A. (1957) Butterflies of the Indian Region, Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India.
  • Referenced in the TV show Criminal Minds, Season 1, Episode 22, "The Fisher King - Part I".

External links[edit]