Colias palaeno

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Moorland Clouded Yellow or
Palaeno Sulphur
Colias palaeno.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Pieridae
Genus: Colias
Species: C. palaeno
Binomial name
Colias palaeno
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Subspecies

Several, see text

The Moorland Clouded Yellow, Palaeno Sulphur, or Pale Arctic Clouded Yellow[1] (Colias palaeno) is a Holarctic butterfly in the family Pieridae. As most Colias-species, it is an avid flyer. Though the species is normally restricted to the habitats, occasionally it is found far from suitable breeding grounds. The larva is found on Bog Bilberry (Vaccinium uliginosum).

Description[edit]

Upperside of male pale yellow with blackish brown distal margins, pale-centred dark middle spot to the forewing and light middle pot to the hindwing; fringes red. Underside of forewing pale yellow with white-centred dark middle spot,the costal and distal edges being red; hindwing yellow, strongly dusted with fuscous, the large middle spot being mother-of-pearl colour, and the fringes red. The female has a white ground-colour above, the underside of the forewing being white proximally, yellow at apex, the hindwing being somewhat paler in the female than in the male.

The larva is sea-green, velvety, bearing minute black dots; a lateral stripe bright yellow edged with black beneath, below the same the white black-edged spiracles; underside and abdominal legs dull green, thoracical legs yellowish, head green. The Pupa is greenish yellow, the back being strongly convex.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Colias palaeno palaenoSweden, Norway, Finland, and Estonia
  • Colias palaeno aias Fruhstorfer, 1903Japan the largest form of palaeno, the marginal band of the forewing being very broad and the underside rich green
  • Colias palaeno baffinensis Ebner & Ferris, [1978] – northern North America[2]
  • Colias palaeno chippewa W.H. Edwards, 1870 – northern North America,[3] may be a separate species (C. chippewa)[4]
  • Colias palaeno europome (Esper, 1778)Belgium, Germany, Slovakia, Roumania, and Ukraine
  • Colias palaeno europomene Ochsenheimer, 1808 – high altitude in the Alps.[5] This form is somewhat larger than the nominate, the male lemon-yellow above, being below deeper yellow, as is also the female.
  • Colias palaeno orientalis Staudinger, 1892Kamchatka very similar to europomene, being dark greenish on the underside of the hindwing
  • Colias palaeno poktusani O. Bang-Haas, 1934North Korea
  • Colias palaeno sachalinensis Matsumura, 1919Sakhalin
  • Colias palaeno synonyma Bryk, 1923Sweden, Denmark[6]

Popular culture[edit]

In the video game Ace Attorney Investigations, there is a character named Colias Palaeno, who is the ambassador of Babahl, a fictional country whose symbol is the butterfly.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Colias palaeno baffinensis, Butterflies of America
  3. ^ Colias palaeno chippewa, Butterflies of America
  4. ^ Colias chippewa, funet.fi
  5. ^ lignées boréo-alpines
  6. ^ Colias, funet.fi

External links[edit]