Coligny, Ain

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Coligny
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Coligny
Coat of arms
Coligny is located in France
Coligny
Coligny
Coordinates: 46°22′59″N 5°20′46″E / 46.3831°N 5.3461°E / 46.3831; 5.3461Coordinates: 46°22′59″N 5°20′46″E / 46.3831°N 5.3461°E / 46.3831; 5.3461
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Ain
Arrondissement Bourg-en-Bresse
Canton Coligny
Intercommunality Coligny
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean Bernadac
Area1 16.87 km2 (6.51 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 1,150
 • Density 68/km2 (180/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 01108 / 01270
Elevation 199–575 m (653–1,886 ft)
(avg. 293 m or 961 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coligny is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.

Geography[edit]

The commune lies near Bourg-en-Bresse; the Solnan forms its southwestern border.

The god of Coligny.

Celtic background[edit]

Coligny is famed for its Celtic lunisolar calendar, the "Coligny calendar". The calendar, which dates from the turn of the 1st century, has been key in the understanding of the knowledge of astronomy among the Gauls, and also supplied interesting information about their language (e.g., their names for months and the words for "lucky" and "unlucky"). It was an engraved bronze tablet originally discovered as fragments in 1897.[1] It is written in the Latin alphabet and it represents a five-year cycle composed of three years having twelve lunar months and two years (the first and third) having thirteen lunar months.

At the end of the 19th century a bronze statue was discovered in the town and has been christened the Dieu de Coligny (God of Coligny).

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 1,672 —    
1800 1,658 −0.8%
1806 1,660 +0.1%
1821 1,755 +5.7%
1831 1,764 +0.5%
1836 1,686 −4.4%
1841 1,697 +0.7%
1846 1,739 +2.5%
1851 1,737 −0.1%
1856 1,646 −5.2%
1861 1,655 +0.5%
1866 1,668 +0.8%
1872 1,650 −1.1%
1876 1,707 +3.5%
1881 1,754 +2.8%
1886 1,680 −4.2%
1891 1,698 +1.1%
1896 1,716 +1.1%
1901 1,662 −3.1%
1906 1,674 +0.7%
1911 1,644 −1.8%
1921 1,403 −14.7%
1926 1,331 −5.1%
1931 1,239 −6.9%
1936 1,202 −3.0%
1946 1,173 −2.4%
1954 1,131 −3.6%
1962 1,083 −4.2%
1968 1,111 +2.6%
1975 1,077 −3.1%
1982 1,132 +5.1%
1990 1,117 −1.3%
1999 1,091 −2.3%
2008 1,150 +5.4%

Personalities[edit]

Coligny was the birthplace of Joseph Darnand (1897–1945), a French pro-Nazi traitor and leader of the Vichy French Milice.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]