Colla Uais

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Colla Uais, son of Eochaid Doimlén, son of Cairbre Lifechair, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. His given name was Cairell. He and his two brothers, Muiredach (Colla Fo Chrí) and Áed (Colla Menn), were known was the Three Collas.

Overview[edit]

The Three Collas plotted against their uncle, the High King Fíacha Sroiptine. It was prophesied that whoever killed them, his descendants would never rule Ireland. While Fíacha's son Muiredach Tirech was campaigning in Munster with his army, they defeated Fíacha in the Battle of Dubchomar, and Colla Uais took the throne. He ruled for four years, until Muiredach overthrew him, took the throne, and exiled him and his brothers, with three hundred men, to Alba (Scotland). Their mother, Ailech, was the daughter of Udaire, king of Alba, and they took service with their grandfather for three years. After that they returned to Ireland, hoping that Muiredach might kill them, and deprive his descendants of the throne. But Muiredach knew of the prophecy, and despite knowing they had killed his father, took them into his service.

After several years, Muiredach decided the Collas should have territory of their own, and sent them to conquer Ulster. With an army drawn from Connacht, they fought seven battles in a week against the Ulaid at Achaidh Leithdeircc, killing Fergus Foga, king of Ulster, in the seventh. Colla Menn also died in this battle. They burned Emain Macha, the Ulster capital, after which it was abandoned, and seized substantial territories in Ulster, thought to be the origin of the kingdom of Airgíalla.

The chronology of Geoffrey Keating's Foras Feasa ar Éirinn dates Colla Uais' High Kingship to 306–310. The Annals of the Four Masters dates his High Kingship to 322–326, and his destruction of Emain Macha and conquest of Ulster to 331.[1][2][3]

However, the chronology of early Irish historical tradition is known to be artificial. One story makes Fiachra Cassán of the Airgíalla, son of Colla Fo Chrí, the foster-father of Cormac mac Airt, who according to the usual chronology was his own great great grandfather, and an alternative tradition dated the fall of Emain Macha to 450. It has been suggested that the Three Collas are doublets of Conall, Endae and Eógan, the three sons of Niall Noígiallach, who also made conquests in Ulster in the 5th century.[4] Possibly more likely is that they are doublets of the Three Cairbres, Cairbre Riada, said to have been the founder of Dal Riada, Cairbre Baiscain, and Cairbre Musc, ancestor of the Muscraige.

Traditionally, the Three Collas were considered to be descended from the same ancestors as Niall Noígiallach. DNA testing of present-day descendants of Niall and the Collas, however, indicates that they were not as closely related.[5]

Derchairthinn[edit]

The sixth century female saint, Saint Derchairthinn (feast day March 8), associated with Oughter Ard near Straffan (53°16′40″N 6°33′55″W / 53.27789°N 6.56528°W / 53.27789; -6.56528[6]), was said to be "of the race of Colla Uais, Monarch of Érinn".[7][8]

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
Cairbre Lifechair
 
 
 
Aine
 
Udaire
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fíacha Sroiptine
 
 
 
Eochaid Doimlén
 
Ailech
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muiredach Tirech
 
 
 
Colla Uais
 
Colla Fó Chrí
 
Colla Menn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eochaid Mugmedón
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiachra Cassán
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Airgíalla
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Uí Néill
 
Connachta
 
*
 
Uí Maine

References[edit]

  1. ^ R. A. Stewart Macalister (ed. & trans.), Lebor Gabála Érenn: The Book of the Taking of Ireland Part V, Irish Texts Society, 1956, p. 343
  2. ^ Geoffrey Keating, Foras Feasa ar Éirinn 1.47
  3. ^ Annals of the Four Masters M322-331
  4. ^ Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High Kings, Four Courts Press, 2001, pp. 66-73
  5. ^ DNA of the Three Collas
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ The martyrology of Donegal; a calendar of the saints of Ireland (Mícheál Ó Cléirigh, 1575-1643; 1861 edition editors John O'Donovan 1809-1861; James Henthorn Todd 1805-1869; William Reeves 1815-1892;1864) p71
  8. ^ The Martyrology of Óengus mac Óengobann the Culdee
Preceded by
Fíacha Sroiptine
High King of Ireland
FFE 306–310
AFM 322–326
Succeeded by
Muiredach Tirech