||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (June 2012)|
|Autonomous Community||Community of Madrid|
|Province||Province of Madrid|
|Population||5.832 hab. (2005)|
Collado Mediano is a town and municipality in Spain. It is located in the north-west of the autonomous community of the Community of Madrid in the Sierra de Guadarrama. It had a population of 6,610 in 2011 and is located 48 km from Madrid.
A town located in the Guadarrama mountains, 48 km north-west from Madrid, Spain's Capital city. Collado Mediano, is located inside a valley, which gives it the name "collado", a type of valley in Spanish. The town is crossed by the following roads: M-601,M623,M621. The town has developed in a straight line, across the valley and is surrounded by mountains and little forests in the low and middle parts of the mountains. The climate is cold in winter and very hot in summer.
The earliest inhabitation dates back to the time of the Roman Empire in the Iberian Peninsula. During the Middle Ages, the town was influenced by the city of Segovia. The town became a "villa" in the year 1630. Also, there are still remains of military trenches from the Spanish civil war of 1936.
The town "insignia" is the "Cobañera" (which appears in the town's coat of arms), a natural monument, made of rocks, forming a triangle. The "Cobañera" can be seen lit up at night.
In the past, agriculture and farming were very important, however in modern times they have been superseded by the service sector.
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