College of Advanced Education
The College of Advanced Education (CAE) was a class of Australian tertiary education institution that existed from 1967 until the early 1990s. They ranked below universities, but above Colleges of Technical and Further Education (TAFE) which offer trade qualification. CAEs were designed to provide formal post-secondary qualifications of a more vocational nature than those available from universities, chiefly in such areas as teaching, nursing, accountancy, fine art and information technology.
Colleges of Advanced Education were similar in ideals and physical facilities to Australian universities of the period, but were state owned and controlled instead of federally funded and independent. CAEs offered shorter courses, such as certificates and diplomas, and were initially excluded from awarding degrees,which were the purview of the universities. Though through the mid-1980s onwards many CAEs offered Bachelor Degree courses. Additionally, their staff, who were not required to undertake research, were generally on lower pay scales that their university counterparts.
CAEs were designed to complement universities, forming a binary system modelled on that of the United Kingdom. This system was created by the Menzies government on the advice of the Committee on the Future of Tertiary Education in Australia, chaired by Sir Leslie H. Martin, who was Chairman of the Australian Universities Commission from 1959 to 1966.
While the initial intention was for CAEs not to issue degrees, in the first year of the sector's establishment, the Victorian College of Pharmacy was permitted to issue a degree by the Victorian government, and its Commonwealth funding was not cut off for breaking the rules. Many other degree courses followed, and the policy was reviewed.
Until 1974, the sector mainly comprised technical, agricultural and specialist paramedical colleges. In that year, the state government controlled Teachers College systems became CAEs, leading to teaching students comprising half of all students in the sector.
The colleges were known by a number of different titles:
- "Colleges of Advanced Education" were generally former Teachers Colleges that slowly diversified their course offerings after their name (and often concurrent structural) changes. These changes happened at a time when there were more teachers being trained than the local market could support.
- "Institutes of Technology" were oriented toward vocational education, and offered a range of courses up to higher education level.
- Other names, often with the title "College" or "Institute" of Higher or Advanced Education, were also used.
This sector ceased to exist when, between 1989 and 1992, the Hawke-Keating government implemented the sweeping reforms of Education Minister John Dawkins. The states, eager for increased education funding, merged CAEs either with existing universities or with each other to form new universities. Details of these mergers are available in an AVCC report, see External links below.
Former Colleges of Advanced Education
- Armidale CAE (from 1994 part of The University of New England)
- Bendigo CAE (from 1991 part of La Trobe University)
- Brisbane CAE (in 1990 divided between Griffith University and Queensland University of Technology (QUT))
- Canberra CAE (from 1990 the University of Canberra)
- Gold Coast CAE (from 1990 part of Griffith University)
- Kuring-gai CAE (from 1990 part of the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS))
- Melbourne CAE (from 1989 part of the University of Melbourne)
- Mitchell CAE (from 1989 Charles Sturt University)
- Nepean CAE (from 1989 the University of Western Sydney)
- Northern Rivers CAE (from 1994 Southern Cross University)
- New South Wales College of Para-medical Studies (from 1975 Cumberland College of Health Sciences)
- Prahran CAE (from 1981 Victoria College and in 1992 divided between Deakin University, Swinburne University of Technology and the Victorian College of the Arts)
- Riverina CAE (from 1985 [Riverina-Murray Institute of Higher Education] and from 1989 part of [Charles Sturt University]
- South Australian CAE (in 1991 divided between the University of Adelaide, Flinders University and the University of South Australia)
- Sydney CAE (in 1990 divided between the University of Sydney, Macquarie University, University of New South Wales and the University of Technology, Sydney(UTS))
- Tasmanian CAE (now part of University of Tasmania (UTAS))
- Western Australian CAE (from 1991 Edith Cowan University)
Former Institutes of Technology
- Chisholm Institute of Technology (from 1990 part of Monash University)
- Darwin Institute of Technology (from 1989 Northern Territory University, now Charles Darwin University)
- Footscray Institute of Technology (from 1990 Victoria University of Technology, now Victoria University)
- New South Wales Institute of Technology (from 1989 the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS))
- Phillip Institute of Technology (from 1992 part of Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT))
- Queensland Institute of Technology (from 1989 Queensland University of Technology (QUT))
- Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, now RMIT University
- South Australian Institute of Technology (from 1991 the University of South Australia)
- Swinburne Institute of Technology (from 1992 Swinburne University of Technology)
- Tasmanian State Institute of Technology (from 1991 part of the University of Tasmania)
- Western Australia Institute of Technology (from 1987 Curtin University of Technology)
In each state, the most prestigious university created from an Institute of Technology became a founding member of the Australian Technology Network.
Former Institutes of Advanced/Higher/Tertiary Education
- Gippsland Institute of Advance Education (from 1990 part of Monash University)
- Hunter Institute of Higher Education (from 1989 part of University of Newcastle)
- Macarthur Institute of Higher Education (from 1989 University of Western Sydney)
- Riverina-Murray Institute of Higher Education (from 1989 Charles Sturt University)
- Warnambool Institute of Advanced Education (from 1990 part of Deakin University)
- Wodonga Institute of Tertiary Education (from 1994 part of La Trobe University)
- Elphick, Elwyn Sydney; Lionel Arthur Gilbert (1978). Forty-three and Seven: A Short Illustrated History of the First Fifty Years of Teacher Education in Armidale : Armidale Teachers' College, 1928-1971 and Armidale College of Advanced Education 1971-1978. Armidale, New South Wales: Armidale College of Advanced Education. p. 85. OCLC 220377802. Retrieved 16 October 2012.