The College of War (sometimes War Collegium, or similar, but not to be confused with other institutions of the same name) was a Russian executive body (collegium), created in the government reform of 1717. It was the only of the six original and three new colleges to survive the decentralising reforms of Catherine II of Russia. Under Paul I, it became the model for a newly centralised government. It contained several functional departments operating independently but under the overall supervision of the college and its President; after 1798 there were to be seven sections. In 1802 it became the Ministry of Land Forces, though this resulted in no fundamental change to the nature of the institution.
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