Collegium Trilingue

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The current façade of the Collegium Trilingue at Leuven, 2010.

The Collegium Trilingue, often also called Collegium trium linguarum, or, after its creator Collegium Buslidianum (French: Collège des Trois Langues, Dutch: Dry Tonghen), was founded in 1517 under the patronage of the humanist, Jeroen Van Busleyden (in Latin Hieronymus Buslidius).

The College, in fact inspired by Erasmus who was a friend of Busleyden, was inaugurated in September 1518.

It was not formally part of the University of Leuven, but had been founded by a group of humanists who wanted to spread humanism and the revival of the classics (specifically the literae humaniores), which were not popular at the time at the medieval University of Leuven. They promoted the teaching of the three ancient languages: Latin, Greek and Hebrew.

Leon E. Halkin writes that "Erasmus does not teach himself, but he recruits the best teachers of Latin, Greek and Hebrew".[1]

Under this model, King Francis I of France founded the Royal College in 1530 (now Collège de France). He sought to attract Erasmus who declined the offer.

Professors of the Collegium Trilingue[edit]

We give below the complete list of the professors of the Collegium Trilingue.[2]

Teachers of Latin[edit]

Teacher of Greek[edit]

  • 1518-1545 Rutgerus Rescius
  • 1545-1560 Hadrianus Amerotius
  • 1560-1578 Theodoricus Langius
  • 1578-1590 Guilielmus Fabius
  • 1591-1596 Gerardus Corselius
  • 1606-1607 Henricus Zoesius
  • 1609-1632 Petrus Castellanus
  • 1632-1643 Petrus Stockmans
  • 1643-1652 Mathieu Theige
  • 1652-1654 Jean Normenton
  • 1654-1664 Bernardus Heymbachius
  • 1664-1680 Jean de Hamere
  • 1681-1690 Rutger van den Burgh
  • 1683-1722 Francois Martin
  • 1723-1732 Franciscus Audenaert
  • 1723-1740 Francois Claude de Guareux
  • 1741-1782 Jean-Baptiste Zegers
  • 1782-1787 Jean Hubert Joseph Leemput
  • 1790-1791 Jean-Baptiste Cypers
  • 1791-1797 Antoine van Gils

Teachers of Hebrew[edit]

  • 1518-1519 Mattheus Adrianus
  • 1519-1519 Robertus Wackfeldus
  • 1519-1519 Robertus Shirwodus
  • 1520-1531 Johannes Campensis
  • 1532-1568 Andreas Gennepius
  • 1568-1569 Johannes Guilielmus Harlemicus
  • 1569-1577 Petrus Pierius a Smenga
  • 1612-1655 Valerius Andreas
  • 1656-1679 Joannes Sauterus
  • 1679-1704 Jean Herrys
  • 1704-1723 Jean Guillaume van Hove
  • 1726-1750 Gilbert Joseph Hagen
  • 1755-1772 Jean Noel Paquot
  • 1774-1782 Gerard Deckers
  • 1782-1786 Joseph Benoit de Mazière
  • 1790-1797 Etienne Heuschling

Bibliography[edit]

  • Félix Nève, Mémoire historique et littéraire sur Le Collége (sic) des Trois-Langues à l'Université de Louvain, M. Hayez, Brussels, 1856.
  • Henry de Vocht, History of the foundation and the rise of the Collegium Trilingue Lovaniense, 1517-1550, in Humanistica Lovaniensia, n° 10-13, 1951-1955.
  • Henry de Vocht, Les Débuts du Collège Trilingue de Louvain, 1517-1550, Uytspruyt, Louvain, 1958.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Léon E. Halkin, Érasme parmi nous, Paris, Fayard, 1987, pp. 174-175.
  2. ^ Félix Nève, Mémoire historique et littéraire sur Le Collége (sic) des Trois-Langues à l'Université de Louvain, M. Hayez, Bruxelles, 1856 [1].

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 50°52′52″N 4°42′01″E / 50.88111°N 4.70028°E / 50.88111; 4.70028