Collie, Western Australia

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Collie
Western Australia
Collie WA SMC main street1.JPG
Main street of Collie
Collie is located in Western Australia
Collie
Collie
Coordinates 33°21′47″S 116°09′22″E / 33.363°S 116.156°E / -33.363; 116.156Coordinates: 33°21′47″S 116°09′22″E / 33.363°S 116.156°E / -33.363; 116.156
Population 6,998 (2011)[1]
Established 1897
Postcode(s) 6225
Elevation 204 m (669 ft)[2]
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Collie
State electorate(s) Collie-Preston
Federal Division(s) Forrest
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
22.5 °C
73 °F
8.4 °C
47 °F
940.2 mm
37 in

Collie is a town in the South West region of Western Australia, 213 kilometres (132 mi) south of the state capital, Perth, and 59 kilometres (37 mi) inland from the regional city and port of Bunbury. It is near the junction of the Collie and Harris Rivers, in the middle of dense jarrah forest and the only coalfields in Western Australia. At the 2011 census, Collie had a population of 6,998.[1]

Collie is mainly known as a coal-producing centre, but also offers industrial, agricultural and aquaculture tourism industries. Muja Power station is located east of the town, and to its west is the Wellington Dam, a popular location for fishing, swimming and boating.

The town is named after the river on which it is situated. James Stirling named the Collie River, which in turn is named after Dr Alexander Collie. He and William Preston were the first Europeans to explore the area in 1829.[3]

Coal was discovered in the area by a shepherd named George Marsh in the early 1880s. The coal fields were developed in the late 1890s and the townsite surveyed and gazetted in 1897.[4]

Collie was once referred to as a "dirty mining town",[5] but on 8 April 2006 it won the Australian Tidy Towns Competition from finalists from six States and the Northern Territory.[6] Collie was named the top Tidy Town because of the commitment of the community to recycling, waste management, beautification and community projects.

Industry and economy[edit]

Collie has a significant role in the provision of electricity for Western Australia. There are two coal mines in the town and three power stations. The government of Western Australia will soon commission a new base load power station, for which a number of Collie base proposals have been made.

Initially Western Collieries, the Wesfarmers Premier Coal mine currantly produces 5 million tonnes of coal per year.[7] It contains enough reserves for another 30 years of mining at the present rate. [7] The Griffin Coal mine is owned by the Indian company Lanco Infratech.[8]

Education[edit]

Collie has five primary schools, Allanson Primary School, Fairview Primary School, Amaroo Primary School, Saint Brigid's Catholic College and Wilson Park Primary School and one high school, Collie Senior High School.

Tourism and facilities[edit]

Tourist attractions at Collie include the Steam Locomotive Museum, Collie Museum. Minninup Pool and Wellington Dam. Parks include Soldier's Memorial Park and natural features include Stockton Lake and Collie River.

Collie also hosts the Collie Motorplex, one of Western Australia's only permanent motorsport venues outside the Perth metropolitan area.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Collie experiences a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters (Köppen climate classification Csb). The town was lashed with unseasonal storms on 12 December 2012 resulting in some flooding in the town. The town received 126 millimetres (5 in) of rain in a 12 hour period; several houses were evacuated.[9]

Climate data for Collie
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
30.1
(86.2)
27.3
(81.1)
23.1
(73.6)
18.9
(66)
16.3
(61.3)
15.1
(59.2)
16.3
(61.3)
18.1
(64.6)
20.7
(69.3)
24.8
(76.6)
28.3
(82.9)
22.5
(72.5)
Average low °C (°F) 13.2
(55.8)
13.1
(55.6)
11.5
(52.7)
8.7
(47.7)
6.3
(43.3)
5.0
(41)
4.2
(39.6)
4.5
(40.1)
5.8
(42.4)
7.4
(45.3)
9.7
(49.5)
11.7
(53.1)
8.4
(47.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 14.8
(0.583)
14.2
(0.559)
23.6
(0.929)
48.2
(1.898)
125.9
(4.957)
180.3
(7.098)
179.4
(7.063)
140.6
(5.535)
99.9
(3.933)
64.5
(2.539)
32.1
(1.264)
16.0
(0.63)
939.5
(36.988)
Avg. rainy days 1.7 1.9 2.8 5.5 10.2 13.4 14.5 13.2 11.0 8.3 4.9 2.7 90.1
Source: [10]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Collie (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Climate statistics for Australian locations – Collie". Bureau of Meteorology (Australia). Retrieved 15 October 2007. 
  3. ^ Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names". Retrieved 2011-05-30. 
  4. ^ Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names". Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  5. ^ Sustainability DoE Issue 9. Retrieved 2 November 2006.[dead link]
  6. ^ 2006 Tidy Town Media Release www.collie.wa.gov.au. Retrieved 13 August 2006.
  7. ^ a b "Why Premier Coal". Premier Coal. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
  8. ^ "Our History". Griffin Coal. Retrieved 21 December 2011. 
  9. ^ "Houses flooded as storm lashes Collie". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "Climate statistics for Collie". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. August 2011. 

External links[edit]