Collin County, Texas
|Collin County, Texas|
Location in the state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
886 sq mi (2,295 km²)
848 sq mi (2,196 km²)
38 sq mi (98 km²), 4.32%
992.6/sq mi (383/km²)
Collin County is a suburban county located in the U.S. state of Texas. The county has been experiencing extensive growth in recent years. As of the 2010 census, its population was 782,341. Its seat is McKinney. Both the county and the county seat were named after Collin McKinney (1766 - 1861), one of the five men who drafted the Texas Declaration of Independence and the oldest of the 59 men who signed it.
Collin County is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. A small portion of the city of Dallas is located in the county. Other important cities in the county include Allen, Frisco, McKinney, Plano, Richardson, Wylie, and Murphy.
The Texas rancher and gunfighter King Fisher was born in Collin County in 1854.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 886 square miles (2,294.7 km2), of which 848 square miles (2,196.3 km2) is land and 38 square miles (98.4 km2) (4.32%) is water.
Major highways 
Adjacent counties 
- Grayson County (north)
- Fannin County (northeast)
- Hunt County (east)
- Rockwall County (southeast)
- Dallas County (south)
- Denton County (west)
Texas Almanac: 1850-2010
As of the census of 2000, there were 491,675 people, 181,970 households, and 132,292 families residing in the county. The population density was 580 people per square mile (224/km²). There were 194,892 housing units at an average density of 230 per square mile (89/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.39% White, 4.79% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 6.92% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.26% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. 10.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
According to U.S. Census figures released in 2006, the racial makeup of the county was as follows: 77.21% White, 7.26% African American, 10.02% Asian, 0.45% Native American, 5.06% of other or mixed race. 12.8% Hispanic of any race.
There were 181,970 households out of which 40.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.10% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the county, the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 37.90% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, and 5.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $70,835, and the median income for a family was $81,856 (these figures had risen to $77,671 and $91,881 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $57,392 versus $36,604 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,345. About 3.30% of families and 4.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.10% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over. Based on median household income, as of 2006, Collin County is the second richest county in Texas after Fort Bend, and is considered one of the wealthiest counties in the United States.
However, Collin - like other Texas counties - has one of the nation's highest property tax rates. In 2007, it was #21 for property taxes as percentage of the homes value on owner occupied housing. It also ranked ranked in the Top 100 for amount of property taxes paid and for percentage of taxes of income. Part of this is due to the Robin Hood plan school financing system in Texas.
|2012||65.1% 195,933||33.5% 100,757||1.5% 8,432|
|2008||62.2% 184,897||36.7% 109,047||1.2% 3,513|
|2004||71.2% 174,435||28.1% 68,935||0.7% 1,784|
|2000||73.1% 128,179||24.4% 42,884||2.7% 4,357|
|1996||63.0% 83,750||28.5% 37,854||8.5% 11,321|
|1992||47.0% 60,514||19.0% 24,508||34.0% 43,811|
|1988||74.3% 67,776||25.1% 22,934||0.6% 520|
|1984||81.6% 61,095||18.2% 13,604||0.2% 139|
|1980||67.9% 36,559||28.2% 15,187||3.9% 2,115|
|1976||60.0% 21,608||39.0% 14,039||1.0% 353|
|1972||78.0% 17,667||21.1% 4,783||0.8% 187|
|1968||39.9% 6,494||36.4% 5,918||23.7% 3,850|
|1964||29.8% 3,341||70.0% 7,833||0.2% 19|
|1960||42.2% 3,865||57.1% 5,229||0.7% 64|
Collin County is a Republican stronghold in presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964. As the northern Dallas suburbs spilled into Collin County in the late 1960s and early 1970s its politics immediately swung to the Republican Party.
In the House of Representatives, the southwestern part of Collin County is represented in Texas's 3rd congressional district and the rest of the county is represented in the Texas's 4th congressional district. Both districts are held by Republicans, the 3rd by Sam Johnson, and the 4th by Ralph Hall, who only recently switched to the Republican Party.
Cities and towns 
† City extends into one adjacent county.
†† City extends into two or more adjacent counties.
The following school districts lie entirely within Collin County:
- Allen Independent School District
- Anna Independent School District
- Farmersville Independent School District
- Lovejoy Independent School District
- McKinney Independent School District
- Melissa Independent School District
- Plano Independent School District
- Princeton Independent School District
- Wylie Independent School District
while only parts of the following districts lie within the county:
- Bland Independent School District (very small part only)
- Blue Ridge Independent School District
- Celina Independent School District
- Community Independent School District
- Frisco Independent School District
- Leonard Independent School District (very small part only)
- Prosper Independent School District
- Royse City Independent School District
- Trenton Independent School District (very small part only)
- Van Alstyne Independent School District (very small part only)
- Whitewright Independent School District (very small part only)
Colleges and Universities 
Collin College  opened its first campus on Highway 380 in McKinney in January 1986. The college has grown to seven campuses/locations--two in McKinney and two in Plano and as well as Frisco, Allen and Rockwall. Dallas Baptist University  also has an extension site in Frisco, DBU Frisco.
See also 
- List of museums in North Texas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Collin County, Texas
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- U.S. Decennial Census
- Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Collin County, Texas - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder. Retrieved on 2009-05-21.
- http://www.taxfoundation.org/research/show/1888.html Taxfoundation.org
- http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F04E5DB173BF934A35753C1A9629C8B63 Query.nytimes.com
- Collin College website
- DBU website
- Collin County government's website
- 1846 Plat of Buckner the first county seat of Collin County, from the Collin County Historical Society, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
- Life in Collin County
- Collin County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas
- Collin Chronicles hosted by the Portal to Texas History
- Texas State Election History
- Collin County, Texas at the Open Directory Project
||Grayson County||Fannin County|
|Denton County||Hunt County|
|Dallas County||Rockwall County|