Collinear antenna array
In telecommunications, a collinear (or co-linear) antenna array is an array of dipole antennas mounted in such a manner that the corresponding elements of each antenna are parallel and collinear, that is they are located along a common line or axis.
A collinear array is usually mounted vertically, in order to increase overall gain and directivity in the horizontal direction. Theoretically, when stacking idealised lossless dipole antennas in such a fashion, doubling their number will, with proper phasing, produce double the gain, with an increase of 3.01 dB. In practice, the gain realised will be below this due to losses.
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