Collins Barracks, Cork
|Collins Barracks, Cork|
|Dún Uí Choileáin, Corcaigh|
|Entrance gate and guardroom in the late 19th Century|
|Controlled by||Irish Defence Forces|
|Partial (Barracks museum is open to public at certain times)|
|Garrison||1st Southern Brigade of Irish Army|
Collins Barracks is a military barracks on the Old Youghal Road on the north side of Cork in Ireland. Originally serving as a British military barracks from the early 19th century, it was surrendered to the Irish military following the Irish War of Independence, and remains the headquarters of the 1st Brigade of the Irish Army. A museum in the barracks is open to the public at selected times.
Originally erected between 1801 and 1806, the barracks' works were completed by Abraham Hargrave to designs by John Gibson in a prominent position on the hills overlooking the city and the River Lee.
Initially known simply as The Barracks, the complex was extended in 1849 and renamed to Victoria Barracks, to celebrate a visit by Queen Victoria.
In the period following the Easter Rising (1916), the Irish nationalist Thomas Kent was executed by firing squad at the barracks. He was the only person outside Dublin, apart from Roger Casement, to be executed for participation following the Rising, and the married quarters of the Barracks were later named in his memory.
During the Irish War of Independence (1919-1921), British forces from the barracks were involved in the executions of several Republican prisoners. On 28 April 1921, four Volunteers, Maurice Moore, Thomas Mulcahy, Patrick O'Sullivan and Patrick Ronayne, were executed by firing squad at the barracks, followed by the execution of Patrick Casey a few days later, and of Daniel O'Brien later still on 16 May 1921.
Following the War of Independence, under the terms of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, and after housing British forces in the city for more than one hundred years, the barracks were handed over to Commandant Sean Murray of the Army of the Irish Free State in 1922. The barracks were soon renamed for Michael Collins, the first commander-in-chief of the Free State, and a native of County Cork.
Late 20th century
- "Army - Organisation - 1st Brigade". Irish Defence Forces (official site). Retrieved 31 August 2014. "The [1st] Brigade Headquarters is located in Collins Barracks, Cork"
- "Military Museums - Collins Barracks Cork". Military Heritage of Ireland Trust Limited. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- "Dictionary of Irish Architects - Abraham Hargrave - Works". DIA.ie. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- "Dictionary of Irish Architects - John Gibson - Works". DIA.ie. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- Aideen Carroll. Sean Moylan: Rebel Leader. Mercier Press. p. 120.
- "Four Irishmen Are Executed by Crown Forces of England". The Miami News. 27 April 1921.
- "Cork County Gaol, Memorial to Executed IRA Volunteers". Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- Seán Enright. The Trial of Civilians by Military Courts: Ireland 1921.
- "Death of Patrick Casey; 2nd May, 1921; Cork". National Archives of the UK.
- "Collins Barracks Museum detail (including pictures)". Cork Heritage Open Day. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- "Department of Defence - Press Release - Military Museum in Collins Barracks, Cork to be Refurbished and Relocated". Department of Defence (Ireland). 11 August 2004. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- The Barracks: A History of Victoria/Collins Barracks. Dan Harvey & Gerry White. ISBN 1-85635-194-7
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