Colmán of Lindisfarne
|Colmán of Lindisfarne|
|Bishop of Lindisfarne|
|See||Diocese of Lindisfarne|
|Term ended||resigned 664|
|Died||18 February 675
|Feast day||18 February|
|Venerated in||Eastern Orthodoxy Roman Catholicism|
Colman was a native of the west of Ireland and had received his education on Iona. He was probably a nobleman of Canmaicne. Colman succeeded Aidan and Finan as bishop of Lindisfarne. Colman resigned the Bishopric of Lindisfarne after the Synod of Whitby called by King Oswiu of Northumbria decided to calculate Easter using the method of the First Ecumenical Council instead of his preferred Celtic method.
Later tradition states that between the years 665 and 667 St. Colman founded several churches in Scotland before returning to Iona, but there are no seventh-century records of such activity by him. From Iona he sailed for Ireland, settling at Inishbofin, in 668 where he founded a monastery. When Colman came to Mayo he brought with him half the relics of Lindisfarne, including bones of St. Aidan, and a part of the true cross which was reputed to be in Mayo Abbey till the Reformation in 1537, when it vanished.
The Saxon monks were industrious, and during the Spring and Summer they tilled the land and grew the corn necessary for the survival of the community. Meanwhile, the Irish visited their kinsfolk on the mainland, and returning to the island in Winter, they helped to consume the fruits of the Saxons' labours. This situation inevitably led to tensions within the community. Disputes arose between the Saxon and Irish monks after a short time. Colman brought his Saxon followers onto the mainland and founded a monastery for them at "Magh Eó" - the Plain of Yew Trees, subsequently known as "Mayo of the Saxons".
- Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 237
- "History of Mayo Abbey", Mayo, Ireland
- "A History of Mayo Abbey", Museums of Mayo
- Wallace, Martin. A Little book of Celtic Saints Belfast: Appletree Press, 1995, ISBN 0-86281-456-1, p.59
- Grattan-Flood, William. "St. Colman." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 12 May 2013
- Walsh A New Dictionary of Saints p. 127
- Brett, Joe. "The Monastic Settlement of 'Mayo of the Saxons'", Mayo Abbey Parish Magazine, 1994
- Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd. ed. London:Royal Historical Society 1961
- Walsh, Michael A New Dictionary of Saints: East and West London: Burns & Oats 2007 ISBN 0-86012-438-X
|Catholic Church titles|
|Bishop of Lindisfarne