Colmars

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Colmars
Colmars - Ensemble -1.jpg
Coat of arms of Colmars
Coat of arms
Colmars is located in France
Colmars
Colmars
Coordinates: 44°10′55″N 6°37′38″E / 44.182°N 6.6272°E / 44.182; 6.6272Coordinates: 44°10′55″N 6°37′38″E / 44.182°N 6.6272°E / 44.182; 6.6272
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Arrondissement Castellane
Canton Allos-Colmars
Intercommunality Haut Verdon-Val d'Allos
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Fernand Dyen
Area
 • Land1 81.82 km2 (31.59 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 384
 • Population2 density 4.7/km2 (12/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 04061 / 04370
Elevation 1,178–2,742 m (3,865–8,996 ft)
(avg. 1,250 m or 4,100 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Colmars or Colmars-les-Alpes (Còumars in provençal) is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in southeastern France.

The official name of the commune, according to the geographical code of the INSEE, is "Colmars", but it is always referred locally as "Colmars-les-Alpes", even though it is not recognised in legal situations. The signs on entering the village read "Colmars-les-Alpes".

Geography[edit]

The village is situated at the conflence of the Verdon and Lance rivers, at an altitude of 1250 metres. The site of the village is a site inscrit, a site of special natural, scientific or historical interest.

Hamlets[edit]

There are two other hamlets in the commune: Clignon-Haut and Clignon-Bas.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1700 1,712 —    
1716 1,672 −2.3%
1717 1,320 −21.1%
1765 1,723 +30.5%
1793 1,100 −36.2%
1800 898 −18.4%
1806 927 +3.2%
1821 961 +3.7%
1831 927 −3.5%
1836 986 +6.4%
1841 1,033 +4.8%
1846 1,055 +2.1%
1851 1,097 +4.0%
1856 1,092 −0.5%
1861 1,118 +2.4%
1866 1,002 −10.4%
1872 1,004 +0.2%
1876 990 −1.4%
1881 818 −17.4%
1886 845 +3.3%
1891 777 −8.0%
1896 708 −8.9%
1901 715 +1.0%
1906 707 −1.1%
1911 717 +1.4%
1921 550 −23.3%
1926 507 −7.8%
1931 424 −16.4%
1936 405 −4.5%
1946 389 −4.0%
1954 351 −9.8%
1962 311 −11.4%
1968 360 +15.8%
1975 311 −13.6%
1982 314 +1.0%
1990 367 +16.9%
1999 378 +3.0%
2008 384 +1.6%

The inhabitants are called Colmarsiens.

Geography[edit]

Mountains and peaks[edit]

There are numerous high points in the commune. The main ones are:

  • Tête de l'Encombrette (2682m)
  • Autapie (2426m)
  • Roche Cline
  • Valpane

History[edit]

The name of the village comes from a hill dedicated to Mars by the Romans ("Collo Marto"). The village was originally situated further up a hill, but the site was judged to be too cramped and not possible to expand any further, so it was abandoned. It was destroyed by Raymond de Turenne in 1390.

Modern era[edit]

In the French Wars of Religion, the site was the target of several attacks:

  • Paulon de Mauvans, a Protestant captain, pillaged the village in 1560;
  • Cartier, a captain operating on behalf on de Mauvans, took and ransommed the village in 1583;
  • The French Catholic League sacked the village a few years later.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]