Cologne Bonn Airport

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Cologne Bonn Airport
Flughafen Köln/Bonn
Koln Bonn Airport.png
CGN Terminal1.jpg
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH
Serves Cologne and Bonn
Location Cologne, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 302 ft / 92 m
Coordinates 50°51′57″N 007°08′34″E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278Coordinates: 50°51′57″N 007°08′34″E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278
EDDK is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Location of airport
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,459 8,068 Concrete/Asphalt
14L/32R 3,815 12,516 Asphalt
14R/32L 1,863 6,112 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 9,077,346
Passenger change 12–13 Decrease-2.2%
Aircraft movements 120,385
Movements change 12–13 Decrease-3.9%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ADV[1]

Cologne Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn, also known as Flughafen Köln-Wahn) (IATA: CGNICAO: EDDK) is the international airport of Germany's fourth largest city, Cologne and also serves the former German capital, Bonn. With close to 9.3 million passengers passing through it in 2012, it is the seventh largest passenger airport in Germany and also the second largest in terms of cargo operations. It is christened after Konrad Adenauer, the first post-war Chancellor of Germany.

Cologne Bonn Airport is one of the country's few 24-hour airports and serves as a hub for Germanwings, FedEx Express and UPS Airlines. It also is a host of the German and European space agencies DLR and EAC, part of ESA, which train astronauts there for space explorations.

The airport is located in the district of Porz and is surrounded by the Wahner Heide nature reserve. The airport is centrally located in the Cologne/Bonn Region 14.8 km (9.2 mi) southeast[2] of Cologne city centre[2] and 16 km (9.9 mi) northeast of Bonn.


Early years[edit]

In 1913 the first plane took off from the Wahner Heide military training area on an artillery reconnaissance flight. In 1939 an airfield was built for the German Luftwaffe.

After World War II the British military took over and expanded the airport. A 1,866 m runway was built in this period. In 1951 the airport was opened for civilian air traffic, superseding the former Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport.

During the 1950s and 1960s two additional runways and a new passenger terminal were constructed. On 1 November 1970 a Boeing 747 took off for New York City from the airport for the first time.

In 1986, Cologne Bonn Airport was chosen by United Parcel Service (UPS) as the location for their European hub.

In the late 1990s the Airport started an expansion program. Several new parking lots and a second terminal were built, and in 2004 a new long-distance railway station was opened.

Development in the 2000s[edit]

Coinciding with the start of several low-cost airlines in Germany, Cologne/Bonn opened new capacities. This enabled the airport to make competitive offers to the airlines. Consequently, Germanwings and TUIfly started operations from Cologne/Bonn as their hub in the fall of 2002. As a result, the number of passengers in 2003 rose by 43% compared to 2002. These airlines were joined by EasyJet in late 2003 and Wizz Air in June 2006.

Also, the Canadian Forces began to use the airport as a staging area to move troops and supplies in support of humanitarian missions and possible anti-terrorism roles.[3]

In 2006 the Brazilian airline BRA provided a twice a week connection to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, which was discontinued in April 2007 due to problems with the airline. Also in 2006 a daily transatlantic flight to New Jersey's Newark Liberty International Airport by Continental Airlines was established, operating with a Boeing 757-200. This route was discontinued on 4 September 2008 due to a reduction in passenger numbers.[4]

Ryanair and Norwegian Air Shuttle began service to Cologne/Bonn in May 2012. In April 2014 Ryanair announced the opening of their fifth German base at Cologne/Bonn Airport for October 2014.[5]

The airport is jointly owned by the City of Cologne (31.12%), the Federal Republic of Germany (30.94%), the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (30.94%), the City of Bonn (6.06%) and two counties (0.94%).[6]

In December 2014, Lufthansa announced to base Eurowings' new long-haul operations at Cologne Bonn Airport with flights to Florida, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean to start by the end of 2015.[7]


Aerial view of Cologne Bonn Airport
Terminal overview; Terminal 1 is on the left, Terminal 2 on the right

Cologne Bonn Airport has two passenger terminals which are located directly beside each other:

Terminal 1[edit]

The older Terminal 1 is a building from the 1970s which spots large surfaces of bare concrete in its design. It features a u-shaped main building with shops, restaurants, check-in and service facilities and a visitors deck on its roof as well as the star-shaped piers B and C with five aircraft stands each plus a central airside hall between them added in 2004 with joint security-check facilities, more shops and restaurants as well as three additional stands. All ten stands at both piers feature jet bridges while the other three use walk-boarding. Also several bus-boarding stands are available at the apron. Terminal 1 is used by Germanwings which occupies most of the landside check-in facilities, Lufthansa and Austrian Airlines.[8] Terminal 1 features its own direct connection to the railway station.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is the newer one and located to the north of Terminal 1. Both feature separate check-in facilities but are connected through a landside walkway. Additionally its airside area, which is signposted as pier D, is connected with the airside areas of Terminal 1. Terminal 2 is a modern-style rectangular building made out of glass and steel which is equipped with eight stands with jet bridges as well as several stands for bus-boarding. It is used by several airlines such as Air Berlin, Ryanair, Air France and Iran Air.[8] Terminal 2 is also directly connected to the airports' railway station via the basement level.

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Arabia Maroc Nador 2D
Air Berlin Antalya, Berlin-Tegel, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Málaga, Munich, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Corfu, Enfidha, Ibiza, Kos, Funchal, Malta, Menorca, Olbia
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Varna 2D
Atlasjet Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 2D
Austrian Airlines Vienna (resumes 1 April 2015) 1C
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna (ends 31 March 2015) 1C
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 2D
Blue Air Bucharest 2D
Condor Seasonal: Antalya, Palma de Mallorca 2D
operated by Thomas Cook Airlines
Seasonal: Varadero 2D
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya 2D
easyJet London-Gatwick 2D
Flybe Birmingham (ends 28 March 2015) 2D
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 2D
Germania Seasonal charter: Antalya (begins 5 May 2015) 2D
Germanwings Ankara, Barcelona, Bari, Berlin-Tegel, Bologna, Budapest, Catania, Dresden, Dublin, Edinburgh, Friedrichshafen, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Klagenfurt, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, London-Stansted, Manchester, Marrakesh, Milan-Malpensa, Nador, Naples, Nice, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostock, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Split, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki, Tunis, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Athens, Bastia, Cagliari, Calvi, Casablanca, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Izmir, Jerez de la Frontera, Kavala, Knock, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Moscow-Vnukovo,[9] Mykonos, Olbia, Pula, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rhodes, Rijeka, Santorini, Shannon Airport, Tangier, Tenerife-South, Tirana, Verona, Zadar
operated by Eurowings
Seasonal: Heringsdorf
Iran Air Teheran-Imam Khomeini 2D
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 2D
Lufthansa Munich 1C
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 1C
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Gran Canaria, Málaga, Tenerife-South 2D
Nouvelair Seasonal: Djerba, Enfidha 2D
Onur Air Seasonal: Antalya 2D
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Adana, Antalya, Izmir
Ryanair[10] Dublin,[11] London-Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Riga, Rome-Ciampino, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Alicante (begins 31 March 2015),[10] Barcelona (begins 29 March 2015),[10] Faro (begins 30 March 2015)
Sky Work Airlines Bern 2D
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir, Paphos 2D
SunExpress Deutschland Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Gaziantep, Fuerteventura, Gazipasa, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Izmir, Kayseri, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Sharm el-Sheikh, Trabzon
Seasonal: Fuertevenura (begins 1 May 2015),[12] Rhodes
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 2D
TUIfly Antalya, Boa Vista, Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Menorca (begins 24 May 2015),[13] Sal, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Adana, Dalaman,[14] Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Nador (begins 29 June 2015), Rhodes, Samsun, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen (begins 26 June 2015)[15] 2D
Wizz Air Cluj-Napoca,[16] Gdańsk, Katowice, Skopje 2D
Wizz Air Ukraine Kiev-Zhulyany 2D


Cologne Bonn Airport is a major cargo hub in the world mainly due to its function as a hub for FedEx and UPS.

Airlines Destinations
ATRAN Moscow-Vnukovo
Bluebird Cargo Reykjavík
Cargojet Airways Brussels, Halifax, Hamilton
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo
FedEx Express Memphis, Munich, Shanghai-Pudong, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
FedEx Feeder
operated by Air Contractors
Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Lufthansa Cargo
operated by MyCargo Airlines
MNG Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Leipzig/Halle, Paris-Charles de Gaulle[17]
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk, London-Luton[18]
UPS Airlines Almaty, Ancona, Barcelona, Budapest, Chicago-O'Hare, Dubai-International, East Midlands, Helsinki, Hong Kong, London-Stansted, Louisville, Madrid, Malmö, Moscow-Vnukovo, Mumbai, Newark, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Rome-Ciampino, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Singapore, Stockholm-Arlanda, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Valencia, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin
UPS Airlines
operated by Bluebird Cargo
Cork, Edinburgh, Reykjavík-Keflávik
UPS Airlines
operated by Farnair Switzerland
Basel/Mulhouse, Bucharest-Henri Coanda, Cardiff, Geneva, Katowice, Ljubljana, Prague, Sofia, Timisoara, Zagreb
UPS Airlines
operated by MNG Airlines
UPS Airlines
operated by Star Air
Dublin, East Midlands, Lyon, Marseille, Milan-Orio al Serio, Munich, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Porto
West Air Sweden Berlin-Schönefeld


Passengers and freight[edit]

A Air Berlin Boeing 737-700 at Cologne Bonn Airport
A Volga-Dnepr Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 at Cologne Bonn Airport
Number of Passengers[19] Number of Movements[20] Freight
2000 6,291,739 138,434 423,641
2001 Decrease 5,705,819 134,950 443,040
2002 Decrease 5,375,126 125,307 494,331
2003 Increase 7,758,655 139,872 518,493
2004 Increase 8,332,961 136,927 605,069
2005 Increase 9,452,185 140,775 636,887
2006 Increase 9,904,236 139,096 685,563
2007 Increase 10,471,657 138,837 704,649
2008 Decrease 10,342,931 128,713 578,161
2009 Decrease 9,739,581 120,675 552,363
2010 Increase 9,849,779 121,011 656,120
2011 Decrease 9,623,398 117,715 742,372
2012 Decrease 9,280,070 125,335 751,183
2013 Decrease 9,077,346 120,385 739,569
2014 Increase 9,450,493 123.241 754.356

Route statistics[edit]

Busiest routes Busiest Domestic and International Routes from Cologne/Bonn (2013)
Rank City Passengers Top carriers
1 Berlin, Germany 1,288,962 Air Berlin, Germanwings
2 Munich, Germany 970,903 Air Berlin, Lufthansa
3 Palma de Mallorca, Spain 831,570 Air Berlin, Condor, Germanwings, Ryanair, TUIfly
4 Antalya, Turkey 496,390 Air Berlin, Atlasjet, Condor, Germanwings, SunExpress, TUIfly
5 London (all), United Kingdom 472,496 easyJet, Germanwings, Ryanair
6 Istanbul (all), Turkey 440,849 Germanwings, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
7 Hamburg, Germany 381,857 Germanwings
8 Vienna, Austria 271,040 Austrian Airlines, Germanwings
9 Zürich, Switzerland 212,544 Germanwings, Swiss
10 Barcelona, Spain 175,843 Germanwings, Ryanair
Source: Cologne/Bonn Airport Traffic Statistics

Ground transportation[edit]


An ICE 3 high-speed train arriving at Cologne/Bonn Airport station

Cologne/Bonn Airport station is a railway station on a loop off the Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed line that connects Cologne Bonn Airport to long-distance trains at least once an hour per direction, most of them ICE services. The station lies directly across both terminals under a large glass roof and features direct connections to the basement of Terminal 2 as well as the check-in area at Terminal 1-C. The S-Bahn line S13 as well as regional train line RE8 also stops here and continue to Cologne and Bonn.[21]


The airport has its own exit (named Flughafen) on motorway A59 which links it to the city centres of Cologne and Bonn as well as the Ruhrgebiet.[21]


Local bus lines also connect the airport with Cologne (route 161) and Bonn (route SB60).[21]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 3 September 2010, UPS Airlines Flight 6, operated by Boeing 747-44AF N571UP crashed shortly after take-off from Dubai International Airport, killing both crew and destroying the aircraft. N571UP was operating an international cargo flight to Cologne Bonn Airport, Germany.[22]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ADV passenger statistics and aircraft movements
  2. ^ a b c EAD Basic
  3. ^ Steven Chase. "MacKay secures German staging base for post-Afghan missions". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Unternehmensführung der Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH". Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b "Orientierung am Airport, Wegweiser Köln Bonn Airport". Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  9. ^ "Timetable". Germanwings. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c
  11. ^ New FR route to CGN
  12. ^
  13. ^ "TUIfly Adds Cologne - Mahon Service from late-May 2015". Airline Route. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  14. ^ JL (3 October 2013). "TUIfly Adds New Services from Germany in S14". Airline Route. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  15. ^
  16. ^ "Wizz Air timetable". Wizz Air. 
  17. ^ MNG Airlines Schedule
  18. ^ Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule
  19. ^ Number of Passengers including both domestic and international.
  20. ^ Number of Movements represents total commercial air transport takeoffs and landings during that year.
  21. ^ a b c – Anreise
  22. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-44AF (SCD) N571UP Dubai Airport (DXB)". Retrieved 21 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cologne Bonn Airport at Wikimedia Commons