Cologne Bonn Airport

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Cologne Bonn Airport
Flughafen Köln/Bonn
Koln Bonn Airport.png
Koeln-Bonn-Airport14.jpg
IATA: CGNICAO: EDDK
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH
Serves Cologne and Bonn
Location Cologne, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 302 ft / 92 m
Coordinates 50°51′57″N 007°08′34″E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278Coordinates: 50°51′57″N 007°08′34″E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278
Website koeln-bonn-airport.de
Map
EDDK is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
EDDK
EDDK
Location of airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,459 8,068 Concrete/Asphalt
14L/32R 3,815 12,516 Asphalt
14R/32L 1,863 6,112 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 9,077,346
Passenger change 12–13 Decrease-2.2%
Aircraft movements 120,385
Movements change 12–13 Decrease-3.9%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ADV[1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Cologne Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn, also known as Flughafen Köln-Wahn) (IATA: CGNICAO: EDDK) is the international airport of Germany's fourth largest city, Cologne and also serves the former German capital, Bonn. With close to 9.3 million passengers passing through it in 2012, it is the seventh largest passenger airport in Germany and also the second largest in terms of cargo operations. As of March 2015, Cologne Bonn Airport features 115 passenger destinations in 35 countries.[3] It is christened after Konrad Adenauer, the first post-war Chancellor of Germany.

The airport is located in the district of Porz and is surrounded by the Wahner Heide nature reserve. The airport is centrally located in the Cologne/Bonn Region 14.8 km (9.2 mi) southeast[2] of Cologne city centre[2] and 16 km (9.9 mi) northeast of Bonn. Cologne Bonn Airport is one of the country's few 24-hour airports and serves as a hub for Germanwings, FedEx Express and UPS Airlines. It also is a host of the German and European space agencies DLR and EAC, part of ESA, which train astronauts there for space explorations.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

In 1913 the first plane took off from the Wahner Heide military training area on an artillery reconnaissance flight. In 1939 an airfield was built for the German Luftwaffe.

After World War II the British military took over and expanded the airport. A 1,866 m runway was built in this period. In 1951 the airport was opened for civilian air traffic, superseding the former Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport.

During the 1950s and 1960s two additional runways and a new passenger terminal were constructed. On 1 November 1970 a Boeing 747 took off for New York City from the airport for the first time.

In 1986, Cologne Bonn Airport was chosen by United Parcel Service (UPS) as the location for their European hub.

In the late 1990s the Airport started an expansion program. Several new parking lots and a second terminal were built, and in 2004 a new long-distance railway station was opened. The airport is jointly owned by the City of Cologne (31.12%), the Federal Republic of Germany (30.94%), the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (30.94%), the City of Bonn (6.06%) and two counties (0.94%).[4]

Development in the 2000s[edit]

Coinciding with the start of several low-cost airlines in Germany, Cologne/Bonn opened new capacities. This enabled the airport to make competitive offers to the airlines. Consequently, Germanwings and TUIfly started operations from Cologne/Bonn as their hub in the fall of 2002. As a result, the number of passengers in 2003 rose by 43% compared to 2002. These airlines were joined by easyJet in late 2003 and Wizz Air in June 2006.

Also, the Canadian Forces began to use the airport as a staging area to move troops and supplies in support of humanitarian missions and possible anti-terrorism roles.[5]

In 2006 the Brazilian airline BRA provided a twice a week connection to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, which was discontinued in April 2007 due to problems with the airline. Also in 2006 a daily transatlantic flight to New Jersey's Newark Liberty International Airport by Continental Airlines was established, operating with a Boeing 757-200. This route was discontinued on 4 September 2008 due to a reduction in passenger numbers.[6]

Low-cost carriers Ryanair and Norwegian Air Shuttle began service to Cologne/Bonn in May 2012. In April 2014 Ryanair announced the opening of their fifth German base at Cologne/Bonn Airport for October 2014.[7]

In December 2014, Lufthansa announced to base Eurowings' new long-haul operations at Cologne Bonn Airport with flights to Florida, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean to start by the end of 2015.[8] Meanwhile, Condor cancelled their service to Varadero after only one season due to the expected competition.[9]

Facilities[edit]

Terminal overview; Terminal 1 is on the left, Terminal 2 on the right

Cologne Bonn Airport has two passenger terminals which are located directly beside each other:

Terminal 1[edit]

The older Terminal 1 is a building from the 1970s which spots large surfaces of bare concrete in its design. It features a u-shaped main building with shops, restaurants, check-in and service facilities and a visitors deck on its roof as well as the star-shaped piers B and C with five aircraft stands each plus a central airside hall between them added in 2004 with joint security-check facilities, more shops and restaurants as well as three additional stands. All ten stands at both piers feature jet bridges while the other three use walk-boarding. Also several bus-boarding stands are available at the apron. Terminal 1 is used by Germanwings which occupies most of the landside check-in facilities, Lufthansa and Austrian Airlines.[10] Terminal 1 features its own direct connection to the railway station.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is the newer one and located to the north of Terminal 1. Both feature separate check-in facilities but are connected through a landside walkway. Additionally its airside area, which is signposted as pier D, is connected with the airside areas of Terminal 1. Terminal 2 is a modern-style rectangular building made out of glass and steel which is equipped with eight stands with jet bridges as well as several stands for bus-boarding. It is used by several airlines such as Air Berlin, Ryanair, Air France and Iran Air.[10] Terminal 2 is also directly connected to the airports' railway station via the basement level.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Countries served by flights from Cologne Bonn Airport including announced destinations as of April 2015

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Cologne Bonn Airport:[11]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Arabia Maroc Nador 2D
Air Berlin Antalya, Berlin-Tegel, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Málaga, Munich, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Corfu, Enfidha (ends 30 June 2015), Ibiza, Kos, Malta, Menorca, Olbia
2D
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Varna 2D
AtlasGlobal Istanbul-Atatürk (begins 11 June 2015)[12]
Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
2D
Austrian Airlines Vienna 1C
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 2D
Blue Air Bucharest 2D
Chalair Aviation Lyon[13] 2D
Condor Seasonal: Antalya, Palma de Mallorca 2D
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya 2D
easyJet London-Gatwick 2D
Eurowings Dresden (begins 25 October 2015),[14] Hamburg (begins 25 October 2015),[14] Leipzig/Halle (begins 25 October 2015),[14] Milan-Malpensa (begins 25 October 2015),[14] Prague (begins 25 October 2015)[14]
Seasonal: Heringsdorf (begins 25 October 2015)[14]
1B
Eurowings[15][16][17]
operated by SunExpress Deutschland[18]
Bangkok-Don Mueang (begins 20 December 2015), Cancun (begins 8 November 2015),[19] Dubai-International (begins 19 December 2015), Phuket (begins 18 December 2015), Puerto Plata (begins 7 November 2015),[20] Punta Cana (begins 7 November 2015), Varadero (begins 2 November 2015) 1B
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 2D
Germania Seasonal charter: Antalya 2D
Germanwings Ankara, Barcelona, Bari, Berlin-Schönefeld (begins 5 October 2015),[21] Berlin-Tegel, Bologna, Budapest, Catania, Dresden (ends 24 October 2015),[14] Dublin, Edinburgh, Friedrichshafen (ends 4 October 2015),[22] Gran Canaria, Hamburg (ends 24 October 2015),[14] Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Klagenfurt, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle (ends 24 October 2015),[14] Lisbon, London-Heathrow, London-Stansted, Manchester, Marrakesh, Milan-Malpensa (ends 24 October 2015),[14] Nador, Naples, Nice, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Prague (ends 24 October 2015),[14] Rome-Fiumicino, Rostock, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Split, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki, Tunis, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Athens, Bastia, Cagliari, Calvi, Casablanca, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Izmir, Jerez de la Frontera, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Moscow-Vnukovo,[23] Mykonos, Olbia, Pula, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rhodes, Rijeka, Santorini, Tangier, Tenerife-South, Tirana, Verona, Zadar
1B
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
Hamburg (ends 24 October 2015)[14]
Seasonal: Heringsdorf (ends 24 October 2015)[14]
1B
InterSky Memmingen (begins 5 October 2015)[24] TBA
Iran Air Teheran-Imam Khomeini 2D
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 2D
Lufthansa Munich 1C
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 1C
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Gran Canaria, Málaga, Tenerife-South 2D
Nouvelair Seasonal: Djerba, Enfidha 2D
Onur Air Seasonal: Antalya 2D
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Adana, Antalya, Izmir
2D
Ryanair[25] Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo (begins 25 October 2015), Berlin-Schönefeld (begins 3 September 2015),[26] Copenhagen (begins 2 September 2015), Dublin,[27] Gran Canaria (begins 31 October 2015), London-Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Porto (begins 25 October 2015), Riga, Rome-Ciampino, Tenerife-South, Valencia (begins 27 October 2015), Warsaw-Modlin (begins 25 October 2015)
Seasonal: Faro
2D
SkyWork Airlines Bern 2D
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir 2D
SunExpress Deutschland Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Fuerteventura, Gaziantep, Gazipasa, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Izmir, Kayseri, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Sharm el-Sheikh, Trabzon
Seasonal: Fuertevenura,[28] Paphos, Rhodes
2D
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 2D
TUIfly Antalya, Boa Vista, Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Menorca, Sal, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Adana, Dalaman, Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Nador (begins 29 June 2015), Rhodes, Samsun, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
2D
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen[29] 2D
Wizz Air Cluj-Napoca, Gdańsk, Katowice, Kiev-Zhulyany,[30] Skopje, Sofia (begins 27 July 2015) 2D

Cargo[edit]

Cologne Bonn Airport is a major cargo hub in the world mainly due to its function as a hub for FedEx and UPS.

Airlines Destinations
ATRAN Moscow-Vnukovo
Bluebird Cargo Reykjavík
Cargojet Airways Brussels, Halifax, Hamilton
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo
FedEx Express Memphis, Munich, Shanghai-Pudong, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
FedEx Feeder
operated by Air Contractors
Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Lufthansa Cargo
operated by MyCargo Airlines
Istanbul-Atatürk
MNG Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Leipzig/Halle, Paris-Charles de Gaulle[31]
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk, London-Luton[32]
UPS Airlines Almaty, Ancona, Barcelona, Budapest, Chicago-O'Hare, Dubai-International, East Midlands, Helsinki, Hong Kong, London-Stansted, Louisville, Madrid, Malmö, Moscow-Vnukovo, Mumbai, Newark, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Rome-Ciampino, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Singapore, Stockholm-Arlanda, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Valencia, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin
UPS Airlines
operated by Bluebird Cargo
Cork, Edinburgh, Reykjavík-Keflávik
UPS Airlines
operated by Farnair Switzerland
Basel/Mulhouse, Bucharest-Henri Coanda, Cardiff, Geneva, Katowice, Ljubljana, Prague, Sofia, Timisoara, Zagreb
UPS Airlines
operated by MNG Airlines
Istanbul-Atatürk
UPS Airlines
operated by Star Air
Dublin, East Midlands, Lyon, Marseille, Milan-Orio al Serio, Munich, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Porto
West Air Sweden Berlin-Schönefeld

Statistics[edit]

Passengers and freight[edit]

Main building of Terminal 1
Airside area at Terminal 2
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 6,291,739 138,434 423,641
2001 Decrease 5,705,819 Decrease 134,950 Increase 443,040
2002 Decrease 5,375,126 Decrease 125,307 Increase 494,331
2003 Increase 7,758,655 Increase 139,872 Increase 518,493
2004 Increase 8,332,961 Decrease 136,927 Increase 605,069
2005 Increase 9,452,185 Increase 140,775 Increase 636,887
2006 Increase 9,904,236 Decrease 139,096 Increase 685,563
2007 Increase 10,471,657 Decrease 138,837 Increase 704,649
2008 Decrease 10,342,931 Decrease 128,713 Decrease 578,161
2009 Decrease 9,739,581 Decrease 120,675 Decrease 552,363
2010 Increase 9,849,779 Increase 121,011 Increase 656,120
2011 Decrease 9,623,398 Decrease 117,715 Increase 742,372
2012 Decrease 9,280,070 Increase 125,335 Increase 751,183
2013 Decrease 9,077,346 Decrease 120,385 Decrease 739,569
2014 Increase 9,450,493 Increase 123.241 Increase 754.356

Route statistics[edit]

Busiest routes (2013)
Rank Destination Passengers Operating airlines
1 Berlin, Germany 1,288,962 Air Berlin, Germanwings
2 Munich, Germany 970,903 Air Berlin, Lufthansa
3 Palma de Mallorca, Spain 831,570 Air Berlin, Condor, Germanwings, Ryanair, TUIfly
4 Antalya, Turkey 496,390 Air Berlin, Atlasjet, Condor, Germanwings, SunExpress, TUIfly
5 London (all), United Kingdom 472,496 easyJet, Germanwings
6 Istanbul (all), Turkey 440,849 Germanwings, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
7 Hamburg, Germany 381,857 Germanwings
8 Vienna, Austria 271,040 Austrian Airlines, Germanwings
9 Zürich, Switzerland 212,544 Germanwings
10 Barcelona, Spain 175,843 Germanwings
Source: Cologne/Bonn Airport Traffic Statistics

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

An ICE 3 high-speed train arriving at Cologne/Bonn Airport station

Cologne/Bonn Airport station is a railway station on a loop off the Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed line that connects Cologne Bonn Airport to long-distance trains at least once an hour per direction, most of them ICE services. The station lies directly across both terminals under a large glass roof and features direct connections to the basement of Terminal 2 as well as the check-in area at Terminal 1-C. The S-Bahn line S13 as well as regional train line RE8 also stops here and continue to Cologne and Bonn.[33]

Car[edit]

The airport has its own exit (named Flughafen) on motorway A59 which links it to the city centres of Cologne and Bonn as well as the Ruhrgebiet.[33]

Bus[edit]

Local bus lines also connect the airport with Cologne (route 161) and Bonn (route SB60).[33]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 3 September 2010, UPS Airlines Flight 6, operated by Boeing 747-44AF N571UP crashed shortly after take-off from Dubai International Airport, killing both crew and destroying the aircraft. N571UP was operating an international cargo flight to Cologne Bonn Airport, Germany.[34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ADV passenger statistics and aircraft movements
  2. ^ a b c EAD Basic
  3. ^ http://www.airliners.de/sommerflugplan-2015-sieben-ziele-flughafen-koeln-bonn/35295
  4. ^ "Unternehmensführung der Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH". Koeln-bonn-airport.de. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  5. ^ Steven Chase. "MacKay secures German staging base for post-Afghan missions". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  6. ^ Continental.com
  7. ^ http://www.airliners.de/ryanair-eroeffnet-zum-winter-basis-am-flughafen-koeln-bonn/32129
  8. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/29/breaking-news/245868/eurowings-to-launch-long-haul-from-cologne-under-lufthansa-wings-project/
  9. ^ http://www.aerotelegraph.com/flughafen-koeln-bonn-kampf-um-passagiere-ryanair-germanwings-eurowings-condor
  10. ^ a b "Orientierung am Airport, Wegweiser Köln Bonn Airport". Koeln-bonn-airport.de. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  11. ^ http://www.koeln-bonn-airport.de/en/flights/flight-destinations.html
  12. ^ AtlasGlobal begin new service to Istanbul
  13. ^ Chalair begin new service between Lyon and Cologne
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m http://airlineroute.net/2015/03/23/4uew-w15update1/
  15. ^ http://www.manager-magazin.de/unternehmen/international/lufthansa-eurowings-startet-langstreckenfluege-ab-november-a-1021769.html
  16. ^ https://www.facebook.com/KoelnBonnAirport/posts/899956090049850
  17. ^ http://www.spiegel.de/reise/aktuell/eurowings-startet-im-oktober-mit-kampfpreisen-a-1021792.html
  18. ^ http://www.lufthansagroup.com/de/presse/meldungen/view/archive/2015/march/04/article/3449.html
  19. ^ "Eurowings Plans Cologne - Cancun Service from Nov 2015". Airlineroute.net. 13 April 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2015. 
  20. ^ http://www.airliners.de/weiteres-langstreckenziel-eurowings/35225
  21. ^ http://www.airliners.de/germanwings-konkurrenz-ryanair/35139
  22. ^ https://www.germanwings.com/de/informieren/flugplan.html
  23. ^ "Timetable". Germanwings. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  24. ^ http://www.aerotelegraph.com/intersky-baut-basis-inallgaeu-airport-memmingen-auf
  25. ^ http://corporate.ryanair.com/news/nachrichten/14923-ryanair-prasentiert-den-kolner-sommerflugplan-2015/?market=de
  26. ^ "Ryanair Moves Cologne - Berlin Launch to Sep 2015". Airlineroute.net. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  27. ^ New FR route to CGN
  28. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/12/03/xg-s15update2/
  29. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/12/23/tk-europe-s15update3/
  30. ^ https://wizzair.com/en-GB/about_us/news/wizzen303
  31. ^ MNG Airlines Schedule
  32. ^ Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule
  33. ^ a b c koeln-bonn-airport.de – Anreise
  34. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-44AF (SCD) N571UP Dubai Airport (DXB)". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cologne Bonn Airport at Wikimedia Commons