Cologne Bonn Airport
|Cologne Bonn Airport
|IATA: CGN – ICAO: EDDK|
|Operator||Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH|
|Serves||Cologne and Bonn|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||302 ft / 92 m|
Cologne Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn, also known as Flughafen Köln-Wahn) (IATA: CGN, ICAO: EDDK) is the international airport of Germany's fourth largest city, Cologne and also serves the former German capital, Bonn. With close to 9.3 million passengers passing through it in 2012, it is the seventh largest passenger airport in Germany and also the second largest in terms of cargo operations. As of March 2015, Cologne Bonn Airport features 115 passenger destinations in 35 countries. It is christened after Konrad Adenauer, the first post-war Chancellor of Germany.
The airport is located in the district of Porz and is surrounded by the Wahner Heide nature reserve. The airport is centrally located in the Cologne/Bonn Region 14.8 km (9.2 mi) southeast of Cologne city centre and 16 km (9.9 mi) northeast of Bonn. Cologne Bonn Airport is one of the country's few 24-hour airports and serves as a hub for Germanwings, FedEx Express and UPS Airlines. It also is a host of the German and European space agencies DLR and EAC, part of ESA, which train astronauts there for space explorations.
- 1 History
- 2 Facilities
- 3 Airlines and destinations
- 4 Statistics
- 5 Ground transportation
- 6 Accidents and incidents
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
In 1913 the first plane took off from the Wahner Heide military training area on an artillery reconnaissance flight. In 1939 an airfield was built for the German Luftwaffe.
After World War II the British military took over and expanded the airport. A 1,866 m runway was built in this period. In 1951 the airport was opened for civilian air traffic, superseding the former Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport.
In 1986, Cologne Bonn Airport was chosen by United Parcel Service (UPS) as the location for their European hub.
In the late 1990s the Airport started an expansion program. Several new parking lots and a second terminal were built, and in 2004 a new long-distance railway station was opened. The airport is jointly owned by the City of Cologne (31.12%), the Federal Republic of Germany (30.94%), the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (30.94%), the City of Bonn (6.06%) and two counties (0.94%).
Development in the 2000s
Coinciding with the start of several low-cost airlines in Germany, Cologne/Bonn opened new capacities. This enabled the airport to make competitive offers to the airlines. Consequently, Germanwings and TUIfly started operations from Cologne/Bonn as their hub in the fall of 2002. As a result, the number of passengers in 2003 rose by 43% compared to 2002. These airlines were joined by easyJet in late 2003 and Wizz Air in June 2006.
In 2006 the Brazilian airline BRA provided a twice a week connection to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, which was discontinued in April 2007 due to problems with the airline. Also in 2006 a daily transatlantic flight to New Jersey's Newark Liberty International Airport by Continental Airlines was established, operating with a Boeing 757-200. This route was discontinued on 4 September 2008 due to a reduction in passenger numbers.
Low-cost carriers Ryanair and Norwegian Air Shuttle began service to Cologne/Bonn in May 2012. In April 2014 Ryanair announced the opening of their fifth German base at Cologne/Bonn Airport for October 2014.
In December 2014, Lufthansa announced to base Eurowings' new long-haul operations at Cologne Bonn Airport with flights to Florida, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean to start by the end of 2015. Meanwhile, Condor cancelled their service to Varadero after only one season due to the expected competition.
Cologne Bonn Airport has two passenger terminals which are located directly beside each other:
The older Terminal 1 is a building from the 1970s which spots large surfaces of bare concrete in its design. It features a u-shaped main building with shops, restaurants, check-in and service facilities and a visitors deck on its roof as well as the star-shaped piers B and C with five aircraft stands each plus a central airside hall between them added in 2004 with joint security-check facilities, more shops and restaurants as well as three additional stands. All ten stands at both piers feature jet bridges while the other three use walk-boarding. Also several bus-boarding stands are available at the apron. Terminal 1 is used by Germanwings which occupies most of the landside check-in facilities, Lufthansa and Austrian Airlines. Terminal 1 features its own direct connection to the railway station.
Terminal 2 is the newer one and located to the north of Terminal 1. Both feature separate check-in facilities but are connected through a landside walkway. Additionally its airside area, which is signposted as pier D, is connected with the airside areas of Terminal 1. Terminal 2 is a modern-style rectangular building made out of glass and steel which is equipped with eight stands with jet bridges as well as several stands for bus-boarding. It is used by several airlines such as Air Berlin, Ryanair, Air France and Iran Air. Terminal 2 is also directly connected to the airports' railway station via the basement level.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Cologne Bonn Airport:
Passengers and freight
|Passengers||Movements||Freight (in t)|
|1||Berlin, Germany||1,288,962||Air Berlin, Germanwings|
|2||Munich, Germany||970,903||Air Berlin, Lufthansa|
|3||Palma de Mallorca, Spain||831,570||Air Berlin, Condor, Germanwings, Ryanair, TUIfly|
|4||Antalya, Turkey||496,390||Air Berlin, Atlasjet, Condor, Germanwings, SunExpress, TUIfly|
|5||London (all), United Kingdom||472,496||easyJet, Germanwings|
|6||Istanbul (all), Turkey||440,849||Germanwings, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines|
|8||Vienna, Austria||271,040||Austrian Airlines, Germanwings|
|Source: Cologne/Bonn Airport Traffic Statistics|
Cologne/Bonn Airport station is a railway station on a loop off the Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed line that connects Cologne Bonn Airport to long-distance trains at least once an hour per direction, most of them ICE services. The station lies directly across both terminals under a large glass roof and features direct connections to the basement of Terminal 2 as well as the check-in area at Terminal 1-C. The S-Bahn line S13 as well as regional train line RE8 also stops here and continue to Cologne and Bonn.
Local bus lines also connect the airport with Cologne (route 161) and Bonn (route SB60).
Accidents and incidents
- On 3 September 2010, UPS Airlines Flight 6, operated by Boeing 747-44AF N571UP crashed shortly after take-off from Dubai International Airport, killing both crew and destroying the aircraft. N571UP was operating an international cargo flight to Cologne Bonn Airport, Germany.
- ADV passenger statistics and aircraft movements
- EAD Basic
- "Unternehmensführung der Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH". Koeln-bonn-airport.de. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- Steven Chase. "MacKay secures German staging base for post-Afghan missions". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Orientierung am Airport, Wegweiser Köln Bonn Airport". Koeln-bonn-airport.de. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- AtlasGlobal begin new service to Istanbul
- Chalair begin new service between Lyon and Cologne
- "Eurowings Plans Cologne - Cancun Service from Nov 2015". Airlineroute.net. 13 April 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
- "Timetable". Germanwings. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
- "Ryanair Moves Cologne - Berlin Launch to Sep 2015". Airlineroute.net. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- New FR route to CGN
- MNG Airlines Schedule
- Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule
- koeln-bonn-airport.de – Anreise
- "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-44AF (SCD) N571UP Dubai Airport (DXB)". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
Media related to Cologne Bonn Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Current weather for EDDK at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for CGN at Aviation Safety Network