Colombian Red Cross
Logo of the Colombian Red Cross
|Motto||To save lives. To change mentalities
Salvar vidas. Cambiar mentalidades
|Formation||July 30, 1915|
|Type||NPO, Aid agency|
|Region served||Colombian territory and neighboring countries. (During disasters)|
|President||Fernando José Cardenas Guerrero|
|Affiliations||International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies|
|Website||Cruz Roja Colombiana|
The Colombian Red Cross is a Colombian-based nonprofit private entity member of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Society. It has been a member since 1922. The Colombian Red Cross embraces the principles of the International Red Cross. It provides humanitarian aid to people in need of protection, protection of life and health during armed conflict and disaster relief during emergencies within the Colombian territory. The Colombian Red Cross has played a major humanitarian role within the Colombian Armed Conflict as a mediator in the area of Human rights.
The National Society of the Colombian Red Cross was founded in 1915. The idea of founding the Colombian Red Cross was first conceived by physician and member of the National Academy of Medicine Dr. Hipolito Machado and followed by pupil and physician Adriano Perdomo. Other original founders were entrepreneur Santiago Samper whom would initially sponsor it and also physicians Jose Maria Montoya and Nicolas Buendia. Some of the people mentioned above were participants in the Thousand Days War. They brought it upon themselves to use a horse-drawn carriage as an ambulance to transport victims in the battlefield. The society was recognized by the Colombian government in 1916 and it was recognized internationally by the International Red Cross in 1922. Currently it exists under Law 852 of 2003 which rules the scope of the activities of the Colombian Red Cross and under Law 875 of 2004 which regulates the use of the emblem.
The Colombian Red Cross mission exists under the principles of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent movement as expressed by the text below:
Prevenir y aliviar, el sufrimiento y la desprotección de las personas afectadas por contingencias, con imparcialidad, sin discriminación por nacionalidad, raza, sexo, religión, idioma, condición social u opinión política; la protección de la vida y la salud de las personas y su dignidad como seres humanos, en particular, en tiempo de conflicto armado y en emergencias; contribuir a la promoción de la salud, el bienestar social y la prevención de las enfermedades; promover y defender los Derechos Humanos, el Derecho Internacional Humanitario y los principios fundamentales del Movimiento Internacional de la Cruz Roja y de la Media Luna Roja
To prevent and to alleviate the suffering and lack of protection of people affected by contingencies, with impartiality, without discrimination of nationality, race, sex, religion, language, social status or political views; the protection of life and health of people and their dignity as human beings, in particular, in time of armed conflict and emergencies; to promote health and social welfare and the preventing of disease; to promote and defend human rights, international humanitarian rights and the fundamental principles of the International Movement of the Red Cross and Red Crescent.
Colombian Armed Conflict
As a result of the Colombian Armed Conflict and the multiple violations to human rights, the Colombian Red Cross works in the prevention and assistance to victims of the conflict. It has also helped clarify and improve the circumstances under such violations existed.
According to a 2009 report by the ICRC the following is the scope on which the Colombian Red Cross has participated:
- Forced disappearance
- Homicides and direct attacks against people protected by IHRL
- Occupation of civilian properties either private or public
- Cases of sexual violence
- Recruiting of minors
- Cases of physical and psychological abuse and threats
- Cases of pollution through weapons that could affect communities
- Cases of forced displacement
Fields of Work
- National Office of Aid
- National Office of Health
- Transport of resources
- Colombian Red Cross Lottery
- Blood Bank
- National Office of Teaching
- National Office of Cooperation and Development
- International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
- Human rights in Colombia
- List of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
- "..:: Cruz Roja Colombiana ::..". cruzrojacolombiana.org. Retrieved 2014-01-25.