Supreme Court of Justice of Colombia
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The Supreme Court of Colombia (Spanish: Corte Suprema de Justicia de Colombia) in Bogotá is the highest judicial body in civil and penal matters and issues of criminal and civil procedure in Colombia. The Supreme Court of Colombia is not the highest authority in regards to the interpretation of administrative law, constitutional law, and the administration of the judiciary.
The court consists of twenty three magistrates, elected by the same institution in list conformed by the Superior Council of the Judiciary for individual terms of eight years. The court meets at the Palace of Justice in the Bolívar Square of Bogota.
After the Colombian first declaration of independence from Spain on July 20, 1810, a number of independent States like Tunja (1811), Antioquia (1812), Cartagena de Indias (1812) and Cundinamarca (1812) were established. Each State had its own body in charge of the administration of justice. Later, when these States established the Provincias Unidad de la Nueva Granada (United Provinces of New Granada), on September 23, 1814, the Alto Tribunal de Justicia (High Tribunal of Justice) was established. In 1819, the Republic of Colombia (the Gran Colombia) was born. A Court was created according to the provisions its Constitution of August 30, 1821, named Alta Corte de Justicia (High Court of Justice). In 1830, the Gran Colombia was dissolved and the Republic of New Granada was formed. As per the provisions of its Constitution of February 29, 1832, the Corte Suprema de Justicia (Supreme Court of Justice) was established. On May 20, 1853, it became the Corte Suprema de la Nación (Supreme Court of the Nation). In 1858, the Grenadine Confederation was founded. On adoption of its Constitution of May 22, 1858, the Courte Suprema (Supreme Court) became the body in charge of the administration of justice. In 1863, the Grenadine Confederation was replaced by the Estados Unidos de Colombia (United States of Colombia). On adoption of its Constitution of May 8, 1863, the Corte Suprema Federal (Supreme Federal Court) was established. Finally, after the establishment of the República de Colombia (Republic of Colombia) and on adoption of its Constitution of August 4, 1886, the body was renamed as the present, the Corte Suprema de Justicia (Supreme Court of Justice) on 3 September, 1886. Its first President was Rito Antonio Martínez.
In 1985 in the Palace of Justice siege, members of the M-19 guerrilla group took over the Palace of Justice, and held the Supreme Court hostage, intending to put President Belisario Betancur on trial. Hours later, after a military raid, the incident left all the rebels and 11 of the 25 Supreme Court Justices dead.
Civil and Agrarian Cassation Chamber
- President: Ruth Marina Díaz Rueda
Labor Cassation Chamber
President: Gustavo Jose Gnecco Mendoza
Penal Cassation Chamber
President: Alfredo Gómez Quintero
- (Spanish) Colombian Judicial Branch of Power Margot Hernandez
- (Spanish) Colombian Judicial Branch of power; magistrates