Ceylon Medical College

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Ceylon Medical College
Colombo Medical College UoC.jpg
Active 1 June 1870 (1870-06-01)–1 July 1942 (1942-07-01)
Type Public
Location Colombo, Western Province, Ceylon
06°55′08.30″N 79°52′16.30″E / 6.9189722°N 79.8711944°E / 6.9189722; 79.8711944Coordinates: 06°55′08.30″N 79°52′16.30″E / 6.9189722°N 79.8711944°E / 6.9189722; 79.8711944
Campus Urban campus

Ceylon Medical College was a public medical school in Ceylon. The college was established in 1870 as the Colombo Medical School. The college was based in Colombo. The college was merged with Ceylon University College in 1942 to form the University of Ceylon. The medical college became the university's faculty of medicine. The college was also known as Colombo Medical College.[1][2]

History[edit]

The Bengal Medical College was established in Calcutta in 1835. In 1839 Stewart-Mackenzie, the British Governor of Ceylon, started sending a small number of Ceylonese to study medicine in Calcutta.[3] In 1847 Samuel Fisk Green, an American medical missionary, started a private medical school in Manipay, northern Ceylon.[4] The establishment of a medical school in Ceylon was advocated by Governor George William Anderson in 1852.[5]

The island was hit by the yaws disease in the 1860s, leading to a massive depopulation in the Vanni.[3][6] In 1867 governor Hercules Robinson appointed James Loos, the colonial surgeon for the Northern Province, to investigate the depopulation.[3][6] Amongst Loos' recommendations was that there should be a plan for medical education in the country.[3][6] The Colombo Medical School was opened in 1 June 1870 by Governor Robinson.[5][7] The school was based in the female surgical ward of the then General Hospital in Colombo.[6] The school was controlled by the government's Principal Civil Medical Officer.[7] The school's courses lasted five years after which students sat examinations and if they passed they received a diploma of Licentiate of Medicine and Surgery (LMS).[5][7] This allowed them to practice medicine and surgery.[5] The school had lecture rooms, laboratories, dissecting rooms and two libraries.[5] Physics and chemistry was taught at Ceylon Technical College.[5] The first batch consisted of 25 students (all male).[7][8] James Loos was the school's first principal.[9][10]

The school benefited from large endowments, including land and buildings, provided by locals.[9][11] In 1875 Samson Rajapakse gave the school the land on which the school's successor, the Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, stands today.[6] The Dr Soysa Lying-in-Home, which was donated to the school by C. H. de Soysa in 1870, provided midwifery tuition for students.[6] In the same year Susew de Soysa donated to the school buildings which housed the colonial medical library, the Pathology Museum and the biological laboratory.[6] J. W. Charles de Soysa provided the funds to build the bacteriological institute in 1899.[6] Other benefactors included A. Simon Fernando Wijegooneratne, Muhandiram and Vimala Gunawardane.[6]

The school's course length was extended to four years in 1873.[8] Loos left the school in 1875 after being appointed colonial surgeon for the Central Province.[6] He was replaced by Edwin Lawson Koch.[6] In 1876 the government started providing scholarships which provided free education at the school and post-graduate studies in Britain.[12] Koch died in 1877 and was replaced by Julian Louis Vanderstraatcn.[6] The school was renamed Ceylon Medical College in 1880.[13] The college's course length was extended to five years in 1884.[8]

On 29 December 1887 the school's LMS diploma was recognised by the General Medical Council at a meeting of the Privy Council held at Osborne House.[5][7][12][14] This recognition meant that holders of the Colombo LMS were registered medical practitioners under the Medical Act 1886 and could practice anywhere in the British Empire.[5][12] They could also pursue post-graduate studies in Britain without needing to re-take any undergraduate courses.[12]

The college started admitting female students in 1892.[6][14] Allan Perry took over from Vanderstraatcn in 1898.[6] In 1905 two ordinances were passed relating to the college. The Council of the Ceylon Medical College was incorporated by Ordinance No. 3 1905.[5][12] Ordinance No. 5 1905 (Medical Registration Ordinance) allowed the Council of the Ceylon Medical College to register individuals (including holders of the Colombo LMS) allowed to practice medicine and surgery in Ceylon.[7][12]

The Ceylon University Ordinance No. 20 of 1942 established the University of Ceylon on 1 July 1942 by amalgamating Ceylon Medical College with Ceylon University College.[15][16][17] The medical college became the new university's faculty of medicine.[8]

Principals[edit]

Principal Took office Left office
James Loos 1870 1875
Edwin Lawson Koch 1875 1877
Julian Louis Vanderstraatcn 1878 1898
Allan Perry 1898 1915
O. J. Rutherford
J. F. E. Bridger
J. F. L. Briereliffe
S. T. Gunasekera

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mills, Lennox A. (1933). Ceylon Under British Rule (1795 - 1932). Oxford University Press. p. 262. 
  2. ^ Wijesinghe, F. D. C. (12 July 2002). "Women in the medical profession". The Island (Sri Lanka). 
  3. ^ a b c d Fonseka, Carlo. "Development of Health in Sri Lanka". 
  4. ^ Martyn, John H. (1923). Notes on Jaffna - Chronological, Historical, Biographical. Tellippalai: American Ceylon Mission Press. p. 335. ISBN 81-206-1670-7. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Arnold Wright, ed. (1999). Twentieth Century Impressions of Ceylon. Asian Educational Services. pp. 225–226. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "University History: A Glimpse into the History of the Oldest Medical School in Sri Lanka". University of Colombo Newsletter (University of Colombo) 1 (2): 2. September 2008. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Samarasekera, Ananda (28 July 2003). "Sri Lanka Medical Council: Past, Present and the Future". The Island (Sri Lanka). 
  8. ^ a b c d "History of the Faculty of Medicine". Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo. 
  9. ^ a b Arnold Wright, ed. (1999). Twentieth Century Impressions of Ceylon. Asian Educational Services. p. 76. 
  10. ^ Arumugam, Thiru (14 March 2010). "The human drama underneath the factual medical, historical material". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 
  11. ^ Ferguson, John (1994). Ceylon in the Jubilee Year. Asian Educational Services. p. 29. ISBN 81-206-0963-8. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f Margaret Jones; Amala de Silva (2013). "7: Good Health at Low Cost - The Sri Lankan Experience". In Milton James Lewis, Kerrie L. Macpherson. Health Transitions and the Double Disease Burden in Asia and the Pacific: Histories of Responses to Non-communicable and Communicable Diseases. Routledge. pp. 126–141. ISBN 978-0-415-57543-0. 
  13. ^ "About Us". Sri Lanka Medical Council. 
  14. ^ a b "Colombo Medical School Centenary". British Medical Journal 3 (5724): 659. 19 September 1970. doi:10.1136/bmj.3.5724.659. 
  15. ^ Ratnapala, Noeline S. (1991). "Beginnings of University Education in Sri Lanka; in Retrospect". Vidyodaya Journal of Social Science 5 (1&2): 92. 
  16. ^ Abeygunawardene, H. (23 December 2002). "University of Peradeniya - more open than usual". Daily News (Sri Lanka). Archived from the original on 27 May 2005. 
  17. ^ Banduwardena, Rupa (9 October 2011). "University of Ceylon, Peradeniya – its glorious past". Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka).