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In classical Greece Hippeios Colonus (Greek: Ἵππειος Κολωνός, "Colonus of the Horses") was a deme about 1 km (0.62 mi) to the northwest of Athens, near Plato's Academy. There is also the Agoraios Kolonos (Ἀγοραῖος Κολωνός, "Colonus of the Agora"), a hillock by the Athens Agora on which the temple of Hephaestus still stands.
In the Athenian oligarchic revolution of 411, the oligarchs convened at the sanctuary of Poseidon Hippios at Colonus to frame their new constitution.
Today its modern name is Kolonos and it is a densely populated working-class district of the Municipality of Athens.
The subdivision is passed by Lenorman Avenue and streets runs almost diagonally. Konstantinopouleos Avenue and the Hellenic Railways Organisation is to the southeast. The nearest train station is at the Larissa Station. In 1992, Hellenic Railways Organisation was closed for a construction of an overpass to avoid traffic congestion with railway crossings. The road was detoured with Lenorman Avenue until 1993, when the overpass was first opened. The overpass only has an eastbound off-ramp and a westbound on-ramp.
- At the beginning of Oedipus at Colonus by the playwright Sophocles, a character named Xenos describes the area to the blind outcast Oedipus. He claims that the area is sacred to the sea-god Poseidon and to Prometheus, the Titan who brought fire to mankind. It is also sacred to a former ruler and charioteer named Colonus, for whom the region was named and who is now venerated as a venerated hero-god. Later, Oedipus prays to the Eumenides to allow him to take refuge there. At the end of the play, Oedipus' death and burial are described, but his gravesite is to be kept secret to avoid desecration.
- The Gospel at Colonus by Lee Breuer is a modern adaptation of Sophocles' play employing gospel music.
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