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These beetles are flightless, and are endemic to South Africa, each restricted to its own mountain range or peak within a range (mostly between 1000–2000 m elevation). Dead specimens are highly prized by beetle collectors.
As a result of commercial pressure, Colophon beetles have been placed on CITES Schedule II (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species). This means that no trade, exchange or sale of Colophon species is allowed.
Limited reference specimens may only be collected for scientific purposes with the appropriate permit issued by the Department of Western Cape Nature Conservation.
All Colophon species are presently listed as Endangered and Colophon primosi as critically endangered (these changes are not reflected in the 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, which was last updated in 1994).[clarification needed]
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