Colorado Coalfield War

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Colorado Coalfield War
Part of the Coal Wars
Colorado nat guard arrive ludlow strike.jpg
Colorado National Guard soldiers during the Ludlow Massacre in 1914.
Date 1913 - 1914
Location Colorado, United States
Colorado National Guard
Colorado Fuel and Iron
Colorado Coal miners
Casualties and losses
69 - 199

The Colorado Coalfield War was a major labor uprising in Colorado between 1913 and 1914. It culminated in the Ludlow Strike, which ended as a massacre when the Colorado National Guard attacked a tent city occupied by striking coal miners. In retaliation for Ludlow, the miners armed themselves and attacked dozens of mines over the next ten days, destroying property and engaging in several skirmishes with the National Guard along a forty-mile front from Trinidad to Walsenburg. The entire strike would cost between sixty-nine and 199 lives. It was described as the "deadliest strike in the history of the United States".[1][2]


Further reading[edit]

  • Thomas G. Andrews, Killing for Coal: America's Deadliest Labor War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.
  • Anthony R. DeStefanis, “The Road to Ludlow: Breaking the 1913-14 Southern Colorado Coal Strike,” Journal of the Historical Society, 12 no. 2 (September 2012): 341-390.
  • Scott Martelle, Blood Passion: The Ludlow Massacre and Class War in the American West. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2007