Colorado Springs sanatoria

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For other metro area hospitals such as the 1912 "Crippled Children's Ward and Pavilion"[1] and at 1800 E Pikes Peak, the "Union Printers' Home…a sanatorium for its distressed and retired members", see Colorado Springs metropolitan area.
Colorado Springs sanatoria
tuberculosis hospitals
1962 Ent Air Force Base.png
The Cold War Ent Air Force Base vicinity had 4 sanatoria: Sunnyrest & National Methodist (5-story bldg on left) at the site, and Nob Hill & Idlewold on Logan Av (beyond lower left) across E Boulder. By 1959, the National Methodist Sanitorium building had become the Ent headquarters building for NORAD, Air Defense Command, Army Air Defense Command, and Naval Forces Command.
Country United States
State Colorado
County El Paso
Region Colorado Springs metropolitan area
Location remaining buildings
operated 1890-c. 1947

Colorado Springs sanatoria were late 19th-through-mid 20th century facilities in the current metro area, including 2 at Manitou Springs, for "consumptives or persons having weak lungs."[2] The "veritable Eden[who?] for consumptive invalids"[3] had a dry climate which, along with the lower atmospheric pressure from 6,000–7,000 ft (1,800–2,100 m) reduced fluid in lung airways using sanitary housing conditions and "fresh-air treatment".[4] By 1940, the Glockner, National Methodist, St. Francis, Sunnyrest, and Woodmen sanatoria remained.[5]

The 1874 Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind and the 1887 St. Francis Hospital (which later had a 1929 sanatorium building) was near the National Deaconess Sanitarium building (built as the 1890 Bellevue Sanitarium.)

Background[edit]

Health care in the Colorado Springs area began as early as 1874 when Dr. Samuel Edwin Solly from London "moved to Manitou because of his wife's ill health"[6] (health care at the Colorado Institute for the Education of Mutes—later Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind—was east of town at a Knob Hill tract donated by William Jackson Palmer c. 1874.)[7] Colorado Spring's first medical facility was an infirmary for Colorado Midland Railroad workers adjacent to the Denver and Rio Grande depot: c. 1887[8] "The Midland Hospital [was] temporarily located at 117 West Colorado Avenue in a pair of small adobe houses".[9] Circa September 1887 "five Franciscan sisters from Denver [arrived] to take charge of the hospital",[10] and handled the September 1887 train wreck casualties (Midland workers). The St. Francis of Perpetual Adoration sisters [8] "rejected" the Midland's planned Sierra Madre Street site for a larger hospital and instead selected a site previously "considered in 1887 for a Jesuit school"[9] on Institute Heights.[11]:19 The land was bought in October 1887,[8] the "St. Francis Hospital opened in the spring of 1888"[9] and on the block to the southeast in 1890, the Bellevue Sanitarium was opened[1]—St. Francis and Bellevue respectively evolved into the Penrose-St. Francis Health Services and Memorial Hospital healthcare system (the Battle Creek and Glockner sanatoria also were operating in 1890).

Battle Creek Sanitarium[edit]

The Battle Creek Sanitarium (320 N Tejon) was a branch of the Michigan facility rebuilt in 1903 and was managed by K E McMillen in 1903 (Miss Lillian Vorhees was a nurse.)

Bellevue/National Deaconess Sanitarium[edit]

The Bellevue Sanitarium ( 915 E Huerfano at Institute's southeast corner) was established in 1890 near St. Francis Hospital by a group of Colorado Springs physicians (Mary E. Dean was the matron).[1] From 1900-1903 the facility was named National Deaconess Sanitarium (aka "The National Consumptive's Sanitarium" and "The New Bellevue Sanitarium")[1] but by 1903, the convalescent home had no contagious patients and was "under auspices of Protestant churches" of the city with Miss Mary A. Curnick as the mgr ("deaconess in charge").[12] Sold from the Methodist Episcopal Deaconess Society to the Colorado Conference Women's Home Missionary Society in November 1903, the facility "became the thirty-bed Colorado Conference Deaconess Hospital and Nurses Training School" in January 1904.[1] In 1911 "the Protestant hospital" operations moved from the Huerfano building to the new Bethel Hospital facility on E Boulder (formally still the "Colorado Conference Deaconess Hospital and Nurses Training School"),[1] and in 1916, the former Belluvue/National Deaconess building was the National Preachers Home under the auspices of the A. M. E. Church with Rev James W. Braxton as the superintendent.[13]

Listed in the USGS's GNIS, the Cragmor Sanatorium[14] is now UCCS's Main Hall.[citation needed] The open air rooms at the top of the towers provided "fresh-air treatment".[4]

Colorado Springs Sanitarium[edit]

The Colorado Springs Sanitarium[15] (the 12th St corner at 1210 Lincoln—now named W Kiowa) was known as "Horn's Mineral Springs & Sanitarium" as late as 1903 when Dr Thomas G Horn was proprietor and Mina M Thomas was the matron (the 1210 Lincoln premises was "Vacant" in 1916.)

Planned downtown sanitorium
The "Colorado Springs Sanitorium" planned in 1909 at 126 N Cascade by W. F. Patterson as a $350,000 investment "bold venture [never] took root".[9]

Cragmor Sanatorium[edit]

The Cragmor Sanatorium ("5 miles n of P O; Cragmor Sanatorium Assn proprs…Austin Bluffs 2½ miles n of Colo Spgs" city limit) built by 1906[16] had Alexius L Forster as the Physician-in-Charge and Mary L Whitney R N as the Superintendent in 1916 when there were more than 44 borders.[13]

Glockner Sanatorium[edit]

The Glockner Sanatorium (2200 N. Tejon) was opened by 1893 "in the North End addition" by Marie Gwynne Glockner[9]—in 1903 the manager was Sister Xavier Magevney and Sister Rose Alexis was the "Superioress" (Sister N. Kunigunda was the St. Francis Hospital Superior.) The facility was the "Glockner Sanatorium & Training School for Nurses" in 1916, and the "Glockner Sanatorium & Hospital" in 1940.[5]

Idlewold and Nob Hill Lodge advertisements in 1916.

Idlewold[edit]

The Idlewold (311 N Logan) "down the street from the Beth-El Hospital" opened in 1912, had 10 rooms, and was owned and operated by Clarice O and Lois L Shardlow[17] ("The Misses Shardlow").[13]

Montcalm Sanitarium (Manitou)[edit]

The "Montcalm Sanitarium (Manitou)"[13] ("The Montcalme" in 1903 with Sister Mary Vincent as the Superior and operated "by the Sisters of Mercy…on Capitol Hill") was in Miramont Castle at Manitou's Iron Springs neighborhood. A separate 1903 boarding house on Capitol Hill was the "Montcalme Cottage" (cf. the "Capitol Hill Cottage"),[12] and in World War II the castle was used for Camp Carson military family housing.[18]

The 4-story National Methodist Sanitorium with frontage room columns jutting toward E Boulder St was renovated from the 1926 Streamline Moderne shape to have a 5th floor by 1960 and the squared US Army Engineers' block look (by 1962, exterior staircases had been added.)

National Methodist Sanitorium[edit]

The National Methodist Sanitorium was a 1926 building on a 29-acre (12 ha) tract east of the "Nurse's Home" of the Bethel General Hospital's medical complex[1] and by 1940, used the same address as the complex (1400 E Boulder). After the City of Colorado Springs bought the Bethel complex in 1943[1] part of it became a military base: its "Nutrition Camp"[19] (also 1400 E Boulder) became the World War II Colorado Springs Tent Camp, the WWII 2d Air Force headquarters subsequently used a leased building, and the National Methodist Sanitorium building by 1959 was the NORAD headquarters on Ent Air Force Base: the building was torn down after 1962 (the off-base Chidlaw Building opened in 1963.)

Nob Hill Lodge[edit]

The Nob Hill Lodge (319 N Logan) was a sanatorium operated by the proprietor and manager, the registered nurse Florence E Standish (cf. Mary Standish's furnished rooms at 321 Jefferson or The Standish at 504 Pikes Peak).[13]

Nordrach Ranch Sanitarium[edit]

The Nordrach Ranch Sanitarium "1½ miles northeast of city limits, for the treatment of tuberculosis. Dr. E. J. White, president; W. B. Price, vice-president; M. E. Harper, secretary" was at Austin Bluffs.[12]

Red Crags Sanitarium (Manitou)[edit]

The Red Crags Sanitarium on "El Paso boul, Manitou…1 mile e of Manitou P O" was owned and operated by Mrs L P Sawin in 1916 (Miss Margarite Feeney was a 1903 resident at "Red Craigs".)

St Francis Sanatorium[edit]

The four-story "29 building" with balconies was a sanatorium built by St Francis Hospital (825 E Pikes Peak) in 1929[8] and was part of the 1940 "St Francis Hospital & Sanatorium" complex (St. Francis' 1887 general hospital had been classified as a "sanitarium" by 1898 when Sister Clara was the "Superioress".) Sister M Emerentia was the superior at the sanatorium in 1916.

Star Ranch Sanitorium[edit]

The Star Ranch Sanitorium proprietor in 1916 was Maurice G Witkind.

Sunnyrest Sanitarium[edit]

For 1918 "Sunnycrest" non-medical facility (later "Dixiland Casino")[20] on Cheyenne Boulevard, see Cheyenne Cañon Inn.

Sunnyrest Sanitarium (E Boulder "beyond Nob Hill" and the "Bethel Training School" at 926 E Boulder, and near the "Bethel Hospital" at 1400/1420 E Boulder)[13] had a "Watt Memorial" facility in 1940. Sister Ida Tobschall was the superintendent in 1916.

Woodmen Sanitarium[edit]

The Modern Woodmen of America Sanitarium (M W A San, "national sanatorium of the Modern Woodmen of America…9 miles n w of city")[13] operated 1909-1947[21] and had the "Woodmen P O" (post office) area by 1916 with dairy and ranching operation, as well as a medical department with physicians John B Crouch and Joseph F Wallace. In 1916 H C Henderson was the District Deputy for the fraternal organization in of the downton Colorado Building (104 S Tejon), and the local "Colorado Springs Camp No 7226" had meeting halls at 505½ Colorado av (Colorado City) and "18½ E Pikes' Peak av" downtown with the office of the clerk, C W Whitehead, and the sanitarium superintendent/medical director, Dr James A Rutledge. The clerk's office moved to 19 S Cascade by 1940, and the M W A San buildings which had a "2nd Flr Hospital" are now the Mount St Francis facility (a historic exhibit at Bonsel Point has a hut.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "The Origin of Memorial Hospital, Colorado Springs" (web chronology). Colorado's Healthcare Heritage. ColoradoHealthcareHistory.com. Retrieved 2013-10-20. 
  2. ^ "Colorado's Mining Craze.". New York Times. December 2, 1895. Retrieved 2013-11-12. ""…a city of less than 20,000 people" 
  3. ^ Smith, Duane A (2008). Rocky Mountain Heartland: Colorado…in the Twentieth Century (Google books). University of Arizona Press. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-8165-2759-5. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ a b 1916 IDLEWOLD advertisement (p. 335 of 1916 City Directory)
  5. ^ a b Telephone Directory…for Colorado Springs…, The Mountain States Telephone and Telegraph Company, Spring 1940, p. 16, retrieved 2013-11-24, "Colorado Springs City of…Municipal Airport E of Colo Spgs…Patty Stuart Jewett Memorial Field E Espanola & City Limits" 
  6. ^ Sherlock, Tom. Colorado's Healthcar Heritage. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  7. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=T46bBnZIX6sC&pg=PA191&dq=%22Knob+Hill%22+%22Colorado+Springs%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=hcdvUuOgE4abygHFgIHACQ&ved=0CE4Q6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=%22Knob%20Hill%22%20%22Colorado%20Springs%22&f=false
  8. ^ a b c d Hunter, Ned (November 24, 2013). "Life & Travel". "Halls of History". The Gazette. p. D 2. "The four-story [1929] 29 building was a sanatorium used to house tuberculosis patients. … in an adobe building on West Colorado Avenue adjacent to the former railroad station [was the] Springs' first medical treatment center [which] was a small infirmary built around 1887 to treat injured railroad workers hired to build a line to Leadville. In September of that year, four sisters from the Lafayette, Ind., chapter of St. Francis of Perpetual Adoration came to the Springs to help care for the injured and dying… In October of 1887, the sisters bought the first bit of land off Pikes Peak Avenue that would become St. Francis Hospital. The cost was $350. About six months later St. Francis Hospital opened its doors." 
  9. ^ a b c d e Tim Blevins, Dennis Daily, Sydne Dean, Chris Nicholl, Michael L. Olsen, Katherine Scott Sturdevant, and Amy Ziegler (ed.). Doctors, Disease, and Dying (Google books). Retrieved 2013-12-09. "a toll gate [was] placed on the road leading from the Cheyenne toll road to Mrs. Jackson's grave." (p, 366 quotation cited as from October 4, 1890, Colorado Spings Gazette)" 
  10. ^ August 30, 1887 "news account" quoted by Blevins et al
  11. ^ Directory of Colorado Springs (almanac), The Out West Printing and Stationery Co., 1898, retrieved 2013-11-05, "SANATARIUMS … St. Francis Hospital--On Institute Heights, east end of Pike's Peak avenue, near Knob Hill street car line … Pike's Peak Camp, No. 5 (Pacific jurisdiction)--Meets in K. of P. Hall every Tuesday evening" 
  12. ^ a b c The Giles City Directory of Colorado Springs and Manitou (almanac). The Giles Directory Company. May 1903. Retrieved 2013-11-02.  Chapters: The Giles Classified Business Directory of Colorado Springs [p. 559] … of Colorado City [p. 715] … of Manitou [p. 755]
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Colorado Springs, Colorado City and Manitou City Directory. Vol. XIII. The R. L. Polk Directory Co. 1916.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help);
  14. ^ "Cragmor Sanitarium (193349)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2013-11-01.  "13-OCT-1978…385326N 1044742W"
  15. ^ (Google books) State Board of Charities and Corrections (Biennial Report). 1909. http://books.google.com/books?id=DisrAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA249&lpg=PA249&dq=%22colorado+springs+sanitarium%22+cascade&source=bl&ots=EQ-yiCS2t2&sig=hnJVRLQfIOt4dGFuCjqWHI9qjHU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uHqeUourE-SQyAGb0oGoCQ&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22colorado%20springs%20sanitarium%22%20cascade&f=false. Retrieved 2013-12-09. ""Cragmore [sic] Sanitarium"…Manitou Bathing Company…The Wing Settlement Company, The Pines, Cheyenne Park…Agnes Memorial Sanitorium, Quebec, corner 6th avenue (Denver)"
  16. ^ "Geo. S. Clason, Denver, Colo." (1906). Tourists guide to Colorado Springs, Manitou, Colorado City and the Pike's Peak Region (Map). http://cdm15981.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/p15981coll23/id/27/rec/46. Retrieved 2013-11-26.
  17. ^ "A Good Room and Three Squares". HouseStoryOnline.com. May 7, 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  18. ^ Miramont Castle website
  19. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=TTyJFI_4rgoC&pg=PA190&lpg=PA190&dq=%22Nutrition+Camp%22+boulder&source=bl&ots=5iKoku7-ef&sig=O-nU2EjW5RHTiCggihBmUuRS2mU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=yIaeUrG8J-aHygGdooH4BA&ved=0CE8Q6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=%22Nutrition%20Camp%22%20boulder&f=false
  20. ^ "The Cheyenne Cañon Inn". TheCheynneCanonInn.com. Retrieved 2013-12-03. "Stratton Park Meadows Station directly across the street…many bands that played at the park pavilion…" 
  21. ^ Hellmann, Paul T (November 1, 2004). Historical Gazetteer of the United States (Google books). Taylor & Francis. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-203-99700-0. Retrieved 2013-05-23.