Colosseum posing in 2010
|Genres||Progressive rock, jazz fusion|
|Years active||1968–1971 and 1994 -|
|Labels||Fontana, Vertigo Records|
|Past members||Jon Hiseman
Dave "Clem" Clempson
History 1968–1971 
The band was formed in September 1968 by drummer Jon Hiseman, tenor sax player Dick Heckstall-Smith and bass player Tony Reeves, who had previously worked together in John Mayall's Bluesbreakers on the Bare Wires album. Dave Greenslade, on organ, was immediately recruited, and the line-up was completed by Jim Roche on guitar, although Roche only recorded one track before being replaced by James Litherland, (guitar and vocals). Hiseman and Heckstall-Smith had also previously played in Graham Bond's band, and Colosseum utilised several of the songs from that period.
The band made their live debut in Newcastle and were promptly recorded by influential BBC Radio 1 DJ John Peel for his Top Gear Radio program. This appearance gained them valuable exposure and critical acclaim.
Their first album, Those Who Are About To Die Salute You, which opened with the Bond composition "Walkin' in the Park", was released by the Fontana label in 1969, and in March the same year they played at the Supershow, a recorded two-day jam session, along with Modern Jazz Quartet, Led Zeppelin, Jack Bruce, Roland Kirk Quartet, Eric Clapton, Stephen Stills, and Juicy Lucy. Colosseum's second album, also in 1969, was Valentyne Suite, notable as the first release from Vertigo Records, a branch of Philips Records established to sign and develop artists that did not fit the main Philips brand, and the first label to sign heavy metal pioneers Black Sabbath.
For the third album, The Grass Is Greener, released only in the United States in 1970, Dave "Clem" Clempson replaced James Litherland. Louis Cennamo then replaced Tony Reeves on bass, but was replaced by Mark Clarke within a month, and Hiseman recruited vocalist Chris Farlowe to enable Clempson to concentrate on guitar. This lineup had already partly recorded the 1970 album Daughter of Time.
In March 1971, the band recorded its concerts at the Big Apple Club in Brighton and at Manchester University. Hiseman was impressed with the atmosphere at the Manchester show, and the band returned five days later for a free concert that was also recorded. The recordings were released as a live double album Colosseum Live in 1971, shortly before the original band broke up. Tracks recorded at Bristol University's Student Union were also used on the live album.
Interim and reunion in 1994 
After the band split, Jon Hiseman formed Tempest with bassist Mark Clarke; Dave Greenslade formed Greenslade with Tony Reeves; Clem Clempson joined Humble Pie; Chris Farlowe joined Atomic Rooster; and Dick Heckstall-Smith embarked on a solo career.
Hiseman reformed the group as Colosseum II in 1975, with a stronger orientation towards jazz-fusion rock and a new lineup, featuring guitarist Gary Moore, and Don Airey on keyboards. They released three albums before disbanding in 1978.
Colosseum reunited on June 24, 1994 at the Freiburg Zelt Musik Festival, played their second reunion concert in Cologne on the 28th October at E-Werk, which was followed by a tour in 1995. The concert in Cologne was recorded for a TV Special and released in 1995 as a CD and video. Later in 2003 it was released also as a DVD. Colosseum made second tour after reunion in 1997 to support their new studio CD "Bread and Circuses", appeared in major festivals in 1998, made also some appearances in 1999 and 2000. In 2003 they made a tour for "Tomorrow`s Blues" CD, followed also by gigs in England in 2004. In 2005 there was three memorial concerts for Dick Heckstall-Smith, one in Germany, Hamburg and two in England. In September 2005 they played in Moscow. Some concerts were in 2006. In 2007 Colosseum played Tokyo and made a tour mainly in Germany. Touring continued again in 2010 and 2011.
For now, Colosseum has played their last "Summer 2011" tour of 22 gigs in Germany, Italy, Austria, Finland and Poland. The tour started in June and ended on the 20th of August in Germany, Rostock, at Bad Doberan "Zappanale" festival. According to the interview of the bandleader Jon Hiseman Bad Doberan was the last concert of the band. Their second last concert was in Poland, Slupsk, at "Legends of Rock" festival on August 13, 2011 and the third last concert in Finland, Äänekoski, at "Keitelejazz" festival on the July 23, 2011.
New studio releases followed, as expanded editions of Valentyne Suite and Colosseum Live, and several compilation sets of earlier work. Colosseum started recording for a new album "Anno Domini" in May 2011.
In October 2010, Jon Hiseman's biography, "Playing the Band - The Musical Life of Jon Hiseman", was published. In November 2012, a Kindle version (with minor re-edits) of "Playing the Band was published. http://www.amazon.co.uk/Playing-The-Band-ebook/dp/B00A0T7LFI/ref=sr_1_fkmr1_1?s=digital-text&ie=UTF8&qid=1351947490&sr=1-1-fkmr1
Original band members:
- Jon Hiseman – Drums (founder)
- Dick Heckstall-Smith – Saxophones (founder member, died 2004, replaced by Thompson)
- Tony Reeves – Bass (founder member, replaced by Cennamo) (born Anthony Reeves, 18 April 1943, in Lee Green, South East London)
- Dave Greenslade – Organ, Vocals (from 1968)
- Jim Roche – Guitar (first line-up, only one track on the first album (replaced by Litherland)
- James Litherland – Guitar, Vocals (replaced by Clempson)
Later band members who are still involved:
- Chris Farlowe – Vocals (from 1970)
- Mark Clarke – Bass, Vocals (from 1970)
- Dave "Clem" Clempson – Guitar, Vocals (from late 1969)
- Barbara Thompson – Saxophones (from 2004)
Studio albums 
- Those Who Are About to Die Salute You – (1969)
- Valentyne Suite – (1969)
- The Grass Is Greener – (1970) [U.S. release only]
- Daughter of Time – (1970)
- Bread & Circuses – (1997)
- Tomorrow's Blues – (2003)
Live albums 
- The Collectors Colosseum – (1971)
- Anthology – (2000) (2-CD collection)
- Morituri Te Salutant – (2009) (4-CD collection)
See also 
- Hanson, Martyn: Playing The Band - The Musical Life of Jon Hiseman, 2010, London, Temple Music Books, ISBN 978-0-9566863-0-5
- Larkin C 'Virgin Encyclopedia of Sixties Music' (Muze UK Ltd, 1997) ISBN 0-7535-0149-X p69 - in which he states 'the commercial acceptance of jazz rock in the U.K. was mainly due to Colossseum.'
- Colosseum, ProgArchives.com.
- "March 25, 1969". Led Zeppelin Timeline. Retrieved 22 January 2011.
- Ben Miler, Colosseum: Valentyne Suite (1969), Hippy.com, October 14, 2002.
- Colosseum, 2004.
- Colosseum, Alex Gitlin's Music Site.