Colt Pythons with 6-inch (15 cm) and 4-inch (10 cm) barrels and nickel finish
|Place of origin||United States|
|Manufacturer||Colt's Manufacturing Company|
|Variants||2.5-inch (6.4 cm), 3-inch (7.6 cm), 4-inch (10 cm), 6-inch (15 cm) and 8-inch (20 cm) barrel|
|Weight||38 ounces (1.1 kg) to 48 ounces (1.4 kg)|
|Feed system||Six-round cylinder|
|Sights||Rear adj.; front ramp|
The Colt Python is a .357 Magnum caliber revolver formerly manufactured by Colt's Manufacturing Company of Hartford, Connecticut. It is sometimes referred to as a "Combat Magnum". It was first introduced in 1955, the same year as Smith & Wesson's M29 .44 Magnum. The now discontinued Colt Python targeted the premium revolver market segment. Some firearm collectors and writers such as Jeff Cooper, Ian V. Hogg, Chuck Hawks, Leroy Thompson, Renee Smeets and Martin Dougherty have described the Python as the finest production revolver ever made.
The Colt Python is a double action handgun chambered for the .357 Magnum cartridge, built on Colt's large I-frame. Pythons have a reputation for accuracy, smooth trigger pull, and a tight cylinder lock-up.
The Colt Python was first introduced in 1955 as Colt's top-of-the-line model and was originally intended to be a large-frame 38 Special target revolver. As a result, it features precision adjustable sights, a smooth trigger, solid construction, and extra metal. Pythons have a distinct appearance due to a full barrel underlug, ventilated rib and adjustable sights. Originally, Colt manufactured Pythons with hollow underlugs but left them solid to work as a stabilizing barrel weight. When the revolver is at full cock, just as the trigger is pressed, the cylinder locks up for the duration of the hammer strike. Other revolvers have a hint of looseness even at full-cock. The gap between the cylinder and forcing cone is very tight, further aiding accuracy and velocity. Starting in the 1970s each Python revolver was boresighted at the factory with a laser and was the first mass-produced revolver to do so.
End of Production 
In October 1999, Colt Manufacturing Co. announced the termination of its production of Python revolvers. In a 2000 follow-up letter to distributors, the company cited changing market conditions and the costs of defending lawsuits as the reasons for the discontinuation of the Python line as well as a number of other models. The Colt Custom Gun Shop continued making a limited number of Pythons on special order until 2005, when even this limited production was terminated.
Models and Variants 
The Python was originally available in two finishes: Royal Blue and Bright Nickel. The Bright Nickel model was discontinued with the introduction of the more durable satin stainless and mirror-polished Ultimate Stainless models. The stainless steel and Royal Blue finishes were offered until 2003 by Colt on the Python "Elite" model.
Pythons were available with 2.5-inch (6.4 cm), 3-inch (7.6 cm), 4-inch (10 cm), 6-inch (15 cm) and 8-inch (20 cm) barrels. The six-inch model was the most popular generally, and the 8-inch model was intended for hunting. A 3-inch barrel version is very collectible, although not rare.
The Python Hunter model, with 8-inch barrel and factory-installed 2X Leupold scope, was made in 1980. The Python Hunter was the first field-ready handgun hunting package made by a major handgun manufacturer. The scope was mounted on the barrel using Redfield mounts and the gun was packaged in a Haliburton case. It was discontinued by 1990 and briefly offered as a "Custom Shop" model afterward. A Python Target model was made for several years in .38 Special only, in blue and nickel finishes.
Two variants of the Python were made in small numbers by Colt. The first was the Colt Boa of 1985, a limited production .357 Magnum revolver, made for the Lew Horton Distributing Company in Massachusetts. It used a Python barrel mated to a Trooper Mk V frame. Six hundred 6-inch revolvers and 600 4-inch revolvers were made, of which 100 were matched sets. Though it resembles a Python visually, it is substantially different internally. The second was the stainless steel Colt Grizzly of 1994, another limited production .357 Magnum revolver. It used a Python barrel mated to a Colt King Cobra frame. 500 of these revolvers were manufactured, with 6-inch Magna-Ported barrels and smooth, unfluted cylinders. The ported barrel includes a bear footprint. Similar to the Grizzly was the Colt Kodiak, which was a Colt Anaconda with a Magna-Ported Barrel and an unfluted cylinder. Approximately 2000 Kodiaks were manufactured.
According to Colt historian, R.L. Wilson, Colt Pythons have been collected by Elvis Presley and various kings in the traditional sense: "H.M. (His Majesty) Hussein I of Jordan ordered a limited number of Pythons, in 4-inch and 6-inch barrels, as gifts to his selected friends. Casing and barrel were embossed with His Majesty's crest. The Python for King Juan Carlos of Spain bore his name in flush gold on the sideplate. Among other celebrated recipients: King Khalid and Prince Fahed (Saudi Arabia), King Hassan (Morocco), Sheik Zyed (United Arab Emirates), President Anwar Sadat and President Hafez Assad (Syria)." 
The Python immediately made inroads into the law enforcement market when introduced, with the 6-inch barrel being popular with uniformed officers and the 4-inch barrel considered optimum for plainclothes use. However, it has since fallen out of favor (along with all other revolvers) due to changing law enforcement needs that favor semi-automatic pistols. When law-enforcement agencies realized that the 9 mm semi-automatic pistols fire a round with similar characteristics to the .38 Special with higher capacity, they began a migration to these, and other, semi-automatic pistol cartridges. Colt's Python revolvers are still popular on the used market and command high prices.
Official Colt historian RL Wilson described the Colt Python as "the Rolls-Royce of Colt revolvers" and firearms historian Ian V. Hogg referred to it as the "best revolver in the world". However, the revolver is not without its detractors. The downside to the precision of the Colt Python is its tendency to go "out of time" with continued heavy shooting. This is a condition in which the cylinder does not turn in exact alignment with the forcing cone, so a shooter may be sprayed with burning propellant when the gun is fired or the gun may not fire when used as a double-action. When this happens, the lock work needs to be re-timed.
Author Martin Dougherty notes the weight of the Python as a drawback, as it is quite heavy for a handgun, ranging from 2.4 lbs (1.1 kg) to 2.6 lbs (1.2 kg), which is only slightly lighter than Smith & Wesson's model M29 .44 Magnum. The S&W M29 with 6½-inch barrel weighs 3.0 lbs (1.36 kg).
In Popular Culture 
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2013)|
- In the 2011 movie Paul, Sigourney Weaver uses a six-inch nickel Colt Python when confronting Simon Pegg, Nick Frost, Kritsten Wiig, Jason Bateman, and Blythe Danner.
- In The Walking Dead, the character Sheriff Rick Grimes uses a Colt Python as his signature weapon of choice.
- In City Hunter, the character Ryo Saeba uses the Colt Python .357 as his primary weapon.
- In Dead Bang Jerry Beck (Don Johnson) uses a six-inch Colt Python.
- In Magnum Force the "Death Squad" officers all used four-inch Colt Pythons.
- Kenneth 'Hutch' Hutchinson (David Soul) used, depending on the episode, either a four-inch or six-inch Colt Python in Starsky and Hutch.
- In the second season of Falling Skies, John Pope (Colin Cunningham) uses a six-inch, stainless Colt Python.
- In the video game series Half-Life, one of the weapons that Gordon Freeman, the main protagonist and player character, uses is a Colt Python .357.
- In the video game 'Alan Wake', a lot of the characters, including Alan is seen using revolver, heavily resembling the 4 inch barrel colt python, as well as it having large amounts of ammunition throughout the game.
- In the Grand Theft Auto III era (VC, VCS, LCS, and CW), the Colt Python is the only revolver available.
- In all versions of Resident Evil, a 4-inch stainless Python is available as the most powerful standard weapon for both characters.
- The Python is also featured in the game Call of Duty Black Ops. Also in Call of Duty Black Ops 2.
- The Colt Python is also Eins favorite handgun in the Game and Anime series Phantom of Inferno .
See also 
- Dougherty, Martin Small Arms: From the Civil War to the Present Day, New York City: Fall River Press, 2005, page 48. ISBN 978-0-7607-6329-2
- The Colt Python .357 Magnum Revolver by Chuck Hawks at www.chuckhawks.com accessed Apr 27, 2009
- Thompson, Leroy; Rene Smeets (October 1, 1993). Great Combat Handguns: A Guide to Using, Collecting and Training With Handguns. London: Arms & Armour Publication. p. 256. ISBN 978-1-85409-168-0.
- Wilson, R.L., The Colt Heritage, New York City: Simon & Schuster, 1987, P. 272.
- Wilson, R.L., Colt: An American Legend, New York City: Abbeville Press, 1985, P 272.
- Cooper, Jeff, "Cooper on Handguns," Los Angeles, Petersen Publishing Co., 1974, P. 189.
- Hogg, Ian V. (1994)Military Small Arms: 300 Years of Soldiers' Firearms, Salamander Publishing
- Update from Colt's Manufacturing Company, Inc.
- Metcalf, Dick (1994). "Top 10 Hunt Guns". HandGunning (PJS Publications) 8 (5): 52–58.
- Bailey, William G (1995). The Encyclopedia of Police Science. Taylor & Francis. p. 309. ISBN 0-8153-1331-4.
- New York City Police to Replace Revolvers With Semiautomatics The New York Times, By CRAIG WOLFF, Saturday, August 21, 1993, Accessed April 27, 2009.
- Ayoob, Massad(2003)The Colt Python, The Accurate Rifle Magazine, November 2003
- C&S Python .357MAG By Rich Grassi, Originally Published in Combat Handguns May 2005, accessed at Cylinder and Slide April 27, 2009
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