Colts Neck Township, New Jersey

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Colts Neck Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Colts Neck
Colts Neck Memorial Garden, designed by sculptor Jim Gary and dedicated to the five residents of the community who died in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks
Colts Neck Memorial Garden, designed by sculptor Jim Gary and dedicated to the five residents of the community who died in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks
Map of Colts Neck Township in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Colts Neck Township in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Colts Neck Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Colts Neck Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°17′38″N 74°10′06″W / 40.293934°N 74.168299°W / 40.293934; -74.168299Coordinates: 40°17′38″N 74°10′06″W / 40.293934°N 74.168299°W / 40.293934; -74.168299[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Monmouth
Incorporated February 18, 1847 as Atlantic Township
Renamed November 6, 1962 as Colts Neck Township
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Michael Fitzgerald (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Administrator / Clerk Robert Bowden[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 31.792 sq mi (82.341 km2)
 • Land 30.731 sq mi (79.593 km2)
 • Water 1.061 sq mi (2.748 km2)  3.34%
Area rank 78th of 566 in state
6th of 53 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 59 ft (18 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 10,142
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 10,099
 • Rank 243rd of 566 in state
19th of 53 in county[11]
 • Density 330.0/sq mi (127.4/km2)
 • Density rank 471st of 566 in state
51st of 53 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07722[12][13]
Area code(s) 732[14]
FIPS code 3402514560[15][2][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882602[17][2]
Website www.colts-neck.nj.us

Colts Neck Township is a township in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 10,142,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 2,189 (-17.8%) from the 12,331 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,772 (+44.1%) from the 8,559 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

What is now Colts Neck Township was established by an act of the New Jersey Legislature as Atlantic Township on February 18, 1847, from portions of Freehold Township, Middletown Township and Shrewsbury Township. The name was changed to "Colts Neck Township" as of November 6, 1962, based on the results of a referendum held that day.[19]

Colts Neck ranked 39th in the 2000 Census among the highest-income places in the United States with a population of at least 10,000.[citation needed]

Community[edit]

Colts Neck is a community in Central New Jersey, located within the New York metropolitan area. Many people choose to move to Colts Neck due to its open space and proximity to the Jersey Shore, while still being within commuting distance of New York City and, to a lesser extent, Philadelphia. The township's strict zoning ordinances have long kept out urban development and chain stores, allowing for locally owned businesses, while still being close to malls, movie theaters, and other amenities in neighboring communities. A 2007 study of New Jersey's wealthiest communities[20] listed Colts Neck as New Jersey's 16th wealthiest municipality and categorized the township's population as "top rung", meaning:

These communities are the wealthiest consumer market, representing less than 1 percent of all U.S. households. These highly educated residents are in their peak earning years, aged 45 to 64, in married-couple households, with or without children. The median age is 42.3 years. With the purchasing power to indulge any choice, Top Rung residents travel in style, both domestically and overseas. This is the top market for owning or leasing a luxury car; residents favor new imported vehicles, especially convertibles. Exercise and community activities are part of their busy lifestyle. Avid readers, these residents find time to read two or more daily newspapers and countless books.

The township has a Farmland Preservation Committee which to date has preserved nearly 1,000 acres (400 ha) of land, providing one way in which Colts Neck has been able to prevent large-scale development. The township has strict zoning regulations, and because there is no public water or sewage service, most homes must be built on lots covering a minimum of 2, 5 and 10 acres (4.0 ha).[21]

Originally a farming community, Colts Neck has long been known for its large number of equestrian farms. From the 1950s into the 1970s many of Colts Neck's heavily wooded areas were developed with large colonial and ranch-style houses on acre-sized lots. In the 1980s and continuing into the 2000s much of the town's farm land has been replaced with large houses, mansions and sprawling estates, although a large number of equestrian farms remain. During this time period increasing home prices in northern New Jersey and New York City resulted in large numbers of people moving to central New Jersey, causing real estate prices in Colts Neck and surrounding towns to rise considerably over the course of the two decades. Colts Neck real estate prices remain high despite the economic downturn: as of November 2012, the average listing price of a house was $1,433,112 and the number of home sales is down 41.4% from the previous year.[22]

Many of Colts Neck's residents are professional business people who commute into New York City's financial district, as could be seen in the unusual proportion of the small community who were lost in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks upon the World Trade Center. A memorial garden dedicated to the five members of the community who were lost was created at the municipal center by sculptor Jim Gary, a member of the community who was raised in Colts Neck. The central feature of the memorial garden is his sculpture of metal and stained glass.[23]

Geography[edit]

Colts Neck Township is located at 40°17′38″N 74°10′06″W / 40.293934°N 74.168299°W / 40.293934; -74.168299 (40.293934,-74.168299). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 31.792 square miles (82.341 km2), of which, 30.731 square miles (79.593 km2) of it was land and 1.061 square miles (2.748 km2) of it (3.34%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,498
1860 1,692 13.0%
1870 1,713 1.2%
1880 1,743 1.8%
1890 1,505 −13.7%
1900 1,410 −6.3%
1910 1,205 −14.5%
1920 1,074 −10.9%
1930 1,241 15.5%
1940 1,177 −5.2%
1950 1,814 54.1%
1960 2,177 20.0%
1970 5,819 167.3%
1980 7,888 35.6%
1990 8,559 8.5%
2000 12,331 44.1%
2010 10,142 −17.8%
Est. 2013 10,099 [10] −0.4%
Population sources:
1850-1920[24] 1850-1870[25]
1850[26] 1870[27] 1880-1890[28]
1890-1910[29] 1910-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[7][8][9]

A 2007 study of New Jersey's wealthiest communities shows Colts Neck had a median household income of $166,495, up from $109,190 in 2000, and the average household income was $232,520.[20] The per capita income for the township as of 2007 was $70,781 up from $46,795 in 2000.[32] The average household net worth, not including equity in homes, is $1,088,351 and the average disposable income for a household is $140,507.[20]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,142 people, 3,277 households, and 2,848 families residing in the township. The population density was 330.0 per square mile (127.4 /km2). There were 3,735 housing units at an average density of 121.5 per square mile (46.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 92.17% (9,348) White, 1.67% (169) Black or African American, 0.01% (1) Native American, 4.58% (464) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.36% (37) from other races, and 1.21% (123) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.54% (359) of the population.[7]

There were 3,277 households, of which 43.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.4% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.1% were non-families. 11.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.33.[7]

In the township, 28.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 17.0% from 25 to 44, 33.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.6 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $154,491 (with a margin of error of +/- $16,020) and the median family income was $166,909 (+/- $14,315). Males had a median income of $117,917 (+/- $16,897) versus $67,188 (+/- $14,434) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $65,919 (+/- $6,519). About 2.0% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.[34]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 12,331 people, 3,513 households, and 3,193 families residing in the township. The population density was 392.4 people per square mile (151.5/km²). There were 3,614 housing units at an average density of 115.0 per square mile (44.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 85.51% White, 7.89% African American, 0.23% Native American, 3.63% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.45% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.22% of the population.[32][33]

There were 3,513 households out of which 50.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 83.1% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 9.1% were non-families. 7.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.33.[32][33]

In the township the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 109.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 113.4 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the township was $109,190, and the median income for a family was $117,980. Males had a median income of $55,609 versus $38,457 for females. The per capita income for the township was $46,795. 2.8% of the population and 2.2% of families were living below the poverty line, including 2.2% of under eighteens and 2.8% of those over 64.[32][33]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Colts Neck is governed under the township form of government with a five-member township committee. The township committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the township committee selects one of its members to serve as mayor and another as deputy mayor.

As of 2013, the Colts Neck Township Committee consists of Mayor Michael D. Fitzgerald (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2015; term as mayor ends 2013), Deputy Mayor Russell Macnow (R, term on committee and as deputy mayor ends 2013), Jarrett R. Engel (R, 2014), Thomas Orgo (R, 2014) and James C. Schatzle (R, 2015).[35][36][37][38]

Fire Department[edit]

The Colts Neck Fire Department is split between two fire companies. Company #1, organized in 1926, is located on Route 537. Company #2, located on Conover Road, was established in 1970. In case of a hazardous materials emergency, the HazMat team from the Middletown Township Special Services unit is called.[39]

Federal, state, and county representation[edit]

Colts Neck Township is located in the 4th Congressional District[40] and is part of New Jersey's 11th state legislative district.[8][41][42] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Colts Neck Township had been in the 12th state legislative district.[43]

New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Christopher Smith (R).[44] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[45][46] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[47][48]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 11th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jennifer Beck (R, Red Bank) and in the General Assembly by Mary Pat Angelini (R, Ocean Township, Monmouth County) and Caroline Casagrande (R, Colts Neck Township).[49] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[50] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[51]

Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director.[52] As of 2014, Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township; term ends December 31, 2014),[53] Freeholder Deputy Director Gary J. Rich, Sr. (R, Spring Lake; 2014),[54] Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City; 2016),[55] John P. Curley (R, Middletown Township; 2015)[56] and Serena DiMaso (R, Holmdel Township; 2016).[57][58] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk M. Claire French (Wall Township),[59] Sheriff Shaun Golden (Farmingdale)[60] and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (Middletown Township).[61]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 7,303 registered voters in Colts Neck Township, of which 952 (13.0%) were registered as Democrats, 2,805 (38.4%) were registered as Republicans and 3,539 (48.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 7 voters registered to other parties.[62]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 67.8% of the vote here (3,970 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 30.4% (1,781 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (46 votes), among the 5,856 ballots cast by the township's 7,581 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.2%.[63] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 68.8% of the vote here (3,929 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 28.5% (1,629 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (37 votes), among the 5,708 ballots cast by the township's 7,200 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 79.3.[64]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 76.7% of the vote here (3,174 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 17.9% (741 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.7% (193 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (16 votes), among the 4,139 ballots cast by the township's 7,433 registered voters, yielding a 55.7% turnout.[65]

Transportation[edit]

Two major state roads pass through the township: Route 18 (the freeway portion) and Route 34.

Major county roads that traverse the township are CR 520 (along the border) and CR 537.

The Garden State Parkway is accessible in neighboring Holmdel, Middletown, Tinton Falls and Wall Township. Interstate 195 is also outside the township, in neighboring Wall and Howell.

New Jersey Transit provides local bus service on the 833 route.[66]

Education[edit]

Students in public school attend the Colts Neck School District for pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[67]) are Conover Road Primary School[68] (grades PreK-2, 356 students), Conover Road Elementary School[69] (grades 3-5, 398 students) and Cedar Drive Middle School[70] (grades 6-8, 462 students).[71][72]

Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Colts Neck High School, along with students from portions of Howell Township and Marlboro Township.[73] The Freehold Regional High School District serves students from Colts Neck Township, Englishtown, Farmingdale, Freehold Borough, Freehold Township, Howell Township, Manalapan Township and Marlboro Township.[74]

Typically, about 20% of the township's K-8 population attend private schools. These include Ranney School, Rumson Country Day School and St. Leo the Great School. At the high school level about half of all students attend private schools, including Christian Brothers Academy, Lawrenceville School, Peddie School, Ranney School, Red Bank Catholic High School and St. John Vianney High School.[21]

Township businesses[edit]

Laird & Company produces Laird's Applejack at its facility in the Scobeyville section of the township. Since the end of distilling in Colts Neck in 1972, the company has had its apples picked and distilled in Virginia, and then brought north to be aged, blended and bottled at its facility in the township. The only remaining producer of Applejack in the United States, the company received the first license granted by the United States Department of the Treasury, which was granted in 1780.[75]

Four JG's Orchards & Vineyards is a winery based in the township, named for the shared initials of the owners and their two children.[76]

Notable people[edit]

Some notable current and former residents include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Township Administrator, Colts Neck Township. Accessed April 17, 2011.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 63.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Colts Neck, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Colts Neck township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 6. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Colts Neck township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Colts Neck, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 15, 2011.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 2, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Colts Neck, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 2, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 178. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  20. ^ a b c http://www.esri.com/news/pressroom/NJ_26_mar08.pdf, Esri, backed up by the Internet Archive as of April 19, 2009. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  21. ^ a b c Scancarella, Doug. "If You're Thinking of Living In: Colts Neck; 60 Miles From Broadway, A Rural Feel - At a Price", The New York Times, September 17, 1995. Accessed July 8, 2012. "About half of the high school students attend Marlboro High School, one of five secondary schools in the Freehold Regional High School District. The other half of the town's high-school students attend such private schools as Christian Brothers Academy in Lincroft, Red Bank Catholic High School in Red Bank and the Roman Catholic St. John Vianney High School in Holmdel."
  22. ^ Colts Neck, 07722 Real Estate Overview, Trulia. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  23. ^ Via Associated Press. "Jim Gary; Created Art From Castoff Auto Parts", The Washington Post, January 19, 2006. Accessed September 15, 2011. "Mr. Gary's work also included more serious pieces, such as a bouquet of six roses he completed last year for a Jewish temple to commemorate the Holocaust, and a Sept. 11 memorial he created for the community of Colts Neck, N.J. "
  24. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  25. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 249, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 9, 2013. "Atlantic township contained in 1870, 1,713 inhabitants. Colt's Neck, originally called Call's Neck, from a Mr. Call, a resident there, is in this township, and is five miles from Freehold on a neck of land formed by two branches of the Swimming river."
  26. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 9, 2013. Listed as Atlantic Township.
  27. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed December 3, 2012. Listed as Atlantic Township.
  28. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed December 3, 2012. Listed as Atlantic Township.
  29. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed July 8, 2012. Listed as Atlantic Township.
  30. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 717. Accessed July 8, 2012. Listed as Atlantic Township.
  31. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  32. ^ a b c d e f Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Colts Neck township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 8, 2012.
  33. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Colts Neck township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  34. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Colts Neck township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  35. ^ 2013 Township Committee, Colts Neck Township. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  36. ^ Monmouth County General Election Results General Election November 6, 2012, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  37. ^ Monmouth County General Election Results General Election November 8, 2011, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  38. ^ Monmouth County General Election Results General Election November 2, 2010, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  39. ^ Fire Department, Colts Neck Township. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  40. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  41. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  42. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  43. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  44. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  45. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  46. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  47. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  48. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  49. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 27, 2014.
  50. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  51. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  52. ^ Monmouth County Government, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  53. ^ Freeholder Lillian G. Burry, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  54. ^ Freeholder Gary J. Rich Sr., Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  55. ^ Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  56. ^ Freeholder John P. Curley, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  57. ^ Freeholder Deputy Director Serena DiMaso, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  58. ^ Freeholder Gary J. Rich Sr., Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  59. ^ About the County Clerk, M. Claire French, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  60. ^ Sheriff Shaun Golden, Monmouth County Sheriff's Office. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  61. ^ Monmouth County Surrogate, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  62. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Monmouth, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  63. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  64. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  65. ^ 2009 Governor: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  66. ^ Monmouth County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  67. ^ School Data for the Colts Neck School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 3, 2012.
  68. ^ Conover Road Primary School, Colts Neck School District. Accessed September 2, 2013.
  69. ^ Conover Road Elementary School, Colts Neck School District. Accessed September 2, 2013.
  70. ^ Cedar Drive Middle School, Colts Neck School District. Accessed September 2, 2013.
  71. ^ School Schedules, Colts Neck School District. Accessed September 2, 2013.
  72. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Colts Neck School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 2, 2013.
  73. ^ Guide to 2011-12 Attendance Boundaries 12_15_11_0.pdf A Guide to 2011-2012 FRHSD Attendance Boundary: Which High School Will My Child Attend?, Freehold Regional High School District. Accessed August 5, 2012. "The following is a list of streets, by municipality, that are assigned to a Freehold Regional District high school outside of their hometown."
  74. ^ Freehold Regional High School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 2, 2013. "Freehold Regional High School District, the largest regional high school District in New Jersey, has six high schools with almost 12,000 students and over 1,500 employees and spans 200 square miles. District members include the townships of Colts Neck, Freehold, Howell, Manalapan, and Marlboro, and the boroughs of Englishtown, Farmingdale, and Freehold."
  75. ^ Harrison, Karen Tina. "Jersey LightningThe Laird family of Scobeyville has been distilling applejack a long time. How long? They once gave George Washington the recipe.", New Jersey Monthly, July 13, 2009. Accessed October 16, 2013. "Robert incorporated Laird’s Distillery in 1780 as the new nation’s first licensed commercial distillery.... Today, Laird & Company is America’s sole remaining applejack producer. Never mind that the family obtains all its apples from orchards in Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley, where Laird & Company owns a distillery."
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  92. ^ Peele, Thomas. "Legacy of activism comes from the Boss", The Vindicator, May 17, 2005. Accessed July 8, 2012. "In January 1982, he recorded a batch of songs in his bedroom of a rented house in Colts Neck, N.J. Ten were released that October as Nebraska, a stark, brooding collection about serial killers, gamblers, thieves and growing up poor."

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