Columbia (1899 yacht)

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Columbia
Jsj-750-Columbia Shamrock 1899.jpg
Columbia vs. Shamrock, 1899.
Yacht club  New York Yacht Club
Nation  United States
Designer(s) Nathanael Greene Herreshoff
Builder Herreshoff Manufacturing Company
Launched June 10, 1899
Owner(s) J. Pierpont Morgan and Edwin Dennison Morgan
Fate Broken up in 1913
Racing career
Skippers Charlie Barr
Notable victories
  • 1899 America's Cup
  • 1901 America's Cup
America's Cup 1899, 1901
Specifications
Length 40.15 m (131.7 ft) LOA
27.25 m (89.4 ft) LWL
Beam 7.39 m (24.2 ft)
Draft 5.97 m (19.6 ft)
Displacement 148.7 tonnes
Sail area 1,189 m2 (12,800 sq ft)

Columbia was an American racing yacht built in 1899 for the America's Cup races. She was the defender of the tenth America's Cup race that same year against British challenger Shamrock as well as the defender of the eleventh America's Cup race in 1901 against British challenger, Shamrock II. She was the first vessel to win the trophy twice in a row (a record not equaled until Intrepid‍ '​s back-to-back wins in 1967 and 1970.)

Design[edit]

Columbia, a fin keel sloop, was designed and built in 1898-9 by Nathanael Herreshoff and the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company for owners J. Pierpont Morgan and Edwin Dennison Morgan of the New York Yacht Club. She was the third successful defender built by Herreshoff.

Columbia had a nickel steel frame, a tobin bronze hull, and a steel mast (later replaced with one of Oregon pine.)

Career[edit]

Columbia, dismasted, 1899. Photograph by John S. Johnston.

Columbia was launched on June 10, 1899. She easily won the elimination trials against the rebuilt former defender, Defender. Skippered by Charlie Barr, she won all three races against the British defender, Shamrock in the 1899 America's Cup. Notably, Hope Goddard Iselin was the only female on the crew, serving as afterguard.

Columbia was selected again in 1901 to defend the Cup, and again under the command of Charlie Barr, won all three races against Shamrock II.

In 1903 Columbia was refitted with the hope of being selected for a third time, but she was badly beaten in the selection trials by the yacht Reliance.

Columbia was cut up for scrap in 1913 at City Island.

References and external links[edit]