Columbia City, Oregon
|Columbia City, Oregon|
Local elementary school
|Motto: "City of Beauty and Livability"|
Location in Oregon
|• Mayor||Cheryl Young|
|• Total||1.15 sq mi (2.98 km2)|
|• Land||0.77 sq mi (1.99 km2)|
|• Water||0.38 sq mi (0.98 km2)|
|Elevation||71 ft (21.6 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,940|
|• Density||2,527.3/sq mi (975.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1637838|
Columbia City was founded in 1867 by Jacob and Joseph Caples. In 1870, the town had aspirations of becoming the terminus for Ben Holladay's Willamette Valley railroad. The same year, Portland, Oregon became the terminus of the west-side line, but the railroad never reached Columbia City. Columbia City post office was established in 1871.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,946 people, 787 households, and 601 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,527.3 inhabitants per square mile (975.8 /km2). There were 830 housing units at an average density of 1,077.9 per square mile (416.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 0.1% African American, 1.0% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.
There were 787 households of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.2% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 23.6% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.74.
The median age in the city was 48.4 years. 18.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.4% were from 25 to 44; 36% were from 45 to 64; and 18.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,571 people, 595 households, and 448 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,106.6 people per square mile (808.8/km²). There were 640 housing units at an average density of 858.2 per square mile (329.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.61% White, 0.38% African American, 1.34% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.51% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.04% of the population. 19.9% were of German, 11.9% English, 11.0% Irish, 7.9% American, 6.5% Norwegian and 5.3% Scottish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 595 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 105.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $59,545, and the median income for a family was $62,596. Males had a median income of $46,964 versus $33,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,266. About 2.8% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.
This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Columbia City has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [First published 1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 220. ISBN 9780875952772. OCLC 53075956.
- Climate Summary for Columbia City, Oregon