Columbia Park, Torrance, California
The entrance sign for Columbia Park,
in Torrance, California
|Type||Public recreational urban regional park|
|Location||Torrance, California, United States|
|Area||52 acres (21 ha)|
|Operated by||Torrance City Council|
Columbia Park (formally Columbia Regional Park) is a 52-acre (21 ha) recreational urban regional park in the City of Torrance, located in southern Los Angeles County, California. Columbia Park provides the community with soccer fields, baseball diamonds, a roller hockey rink, community gardening beds, walking paths, and a jogging—competitive cross country running trail. It is one of thirty parks in the Torrance Parks system.
Park features 
Recreation and sports 
The park also includes a 1.32-mile (2.12 km) walking path which is divided by a fence line to the east of the main soccer field into a 0.75-mile (1.21 km) west section and a 0.57-mile (0.92 km) east section. In addition, the park has a jog path that serves as a flat, 2.9-mile (4.7 km) exercise trail and competitive cross country running racecourse. The heavily used soccer fields include lights for night play.
Community gardening 
Columbia Park features a Community Garden providing planting beds and 'community' for residents. It is one of twelve county-operated Smart Gardening Centers around the region. Columbia Park additionally serves as home to the Home Garden Learning Center, and is a backyard composting demonstration center provided by Los Angeles County.
Columbia Park was conceived in 1970 and built in 1983. In 1985, the park's designer, Paul Saito, received an achievement award for the design and installation of Columbia Park.
Phase one 
Columbia Park first was conceived by former Torrance City manager Edward J. Ferraro. In 1970, Ferraro acquired 50 acres (20 ha) of U.S. Navy surplus property for $250,000 to build Torrance's Wilson Park. At about the same time, Ferraro put a plan together to acquire approximately 50 acres (200,000 m2) of land in North Torrance to build 'Columbia Regional Park'. By December 1973, the Torrance City Council took a step closer to acquiring land for both Columbia Park and also for Madrona Marsh Preserve, protecting the last vernal marsh and wetlands remaining in the South Bay area of Los Angeles. In 1975 the state of California agreed to provide funds for the development of Columbia Park.
The park, located adjacent to an ExxonMobil oil refinery, includes a 494-foot (151 m) radio antenna that services the Los Angeles all-news radio station KNX (AM). There are also 120-foot (37 m)-high electrical line towers, each of which supports 220,000-volt electrical lines maintained by electricity supply company Southern California Edison.
In 1983 Standard Brands Paint Company in Torrance donated a sculpture by public works artist Roger Berry to the park. The sculpture, entitled "Fujimihara", presently resides in the southwest corner of Columbia Park.
Women's soccer 
In the late 1980s, Columbia Park became the home field to the Manhattan Beach club women's soccer team 'Ajax America Women.' On Sundays at Columbia Park, Ajax and the other women's teams played as many as 16 games on four fields from September to April. U.S. woman's soccer standouts, defender Joy Biefeld-Fawcett and forward Carin Jennings, were members of 'Ajax America Women' and regularly practiced and played at the Columbia Park's soccer fields. These two Columbia park players would go on in 1991 to help 'Ajax' win the U.S. women's amateur championship, and then help the U.S. national team win the first FIFA Women's World Cup in China that same year. U.S. woman's soccer standouts, defender Joy Biefeld-Fawcett and forward Carin Jennings, routinely practiced and played in the soccer fields at Columbia Park in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Redesign - walks and trails 
When Columbia Park first was designed and planned, the design supported soccer and other field sports, but didn't serve the needs of walkers and joggers, the present day walkways and trails were not part of the original park. In 1984 Landscape designer Paul Saito returned, to redesign Columbia Park to include walking paths and running trails, adding exercise challenges and aesthetic enjoyment. After receiving of San Diego, California, Saito had the park laid out according to his plan, with enjoyable concrete pathways winding around the hilly landscape. The park has, with sponsorship by Hydro-Scape Products Inc., around 100 distinct automated and water conserving sprinkler stations-zones to irrigate the 52 acres (21 ha). The California Landscape Contractors Association awarded Paul Saito the 1985 Achievement Award, for his creativity in the completed project.
Phase two - southwest 
To enlarge Columbia Park, in 1985 the city council awarded Terra-Cal Construction a $173,655 contract for construction of the southwest portion of the park, expanding public access and amenities, and community green-space.
Phase three 
Tree dedications - urban forest 
Cherry blossom trees 
During the summer of 2001, the Buddhist association Soka Gakkai International USA donated the cost of 100 Cherry blossom trees to the city of Torrance as part of Torrance's Living Tree Dedication program that began in 1993. The plan for the program was to plant 10 cherry trees at Columbia Park as part of a ceremony each year for ten years beginning in 2001. This donation in particular was part of Sōka Gakkai's campaign to plant trees in cities across the nation as a way to "create a peaceful environment" in society and better the communities they live in. In August 2001, ten of those cherry trees were planted at Columbia Park. By April 2007, seventy cherry trees had been planted in Columbia Park. In November of that year, Soka Gakkai International USA increased its donation from ten to thirty cherry trees per year.
Living Tribute Trees program 
The Torrance Living Dedication Tree Program is coordinated and by the City, so that families, individuals, and groups can sponsor the planting of a new tree in the park to honor a person or commemorate an event with a living tribute Tree Dedication.
Park challenges 
The long, winding cement walk pathways and usually vacant parking lots of Columbia Park quickly became a popular place for skate sailing in the mid-1980s. In the summer of 1985, a sail skater was clocked by a police radar gun doing 40 miles per hour (64 km/h) inside the park. Near the end of 1985, the Torrance City Council had enough and unanimously approved an ordinance that made it illegal to ride a "wheeled conveyance" equipped with sails on city streets, in parks or on other public property.
The grassy expanse of the newly developed Columbia Park turned out to be an ideal habitat for gophers and quickly attracted and maintained a gopher population of more than 600 animals. The gopher holes made it impossible to use the fields to play sports. The gopher population was so large that an "exceptionally sized" hawk could perch on the top of the KNX antenna and repeatedly swoop down, snatch a gopher, and fly back to the top of the antenna to consume. Other animals also survived on the gophers.
In 1987, the city assigned Hank "G-Man" Baranowski to the park to address the gopher problem. At that time, Baranowski was known as 'G-Man' due to his ability to "wipe out gopher populations" and his reputation as the city's "premier gopher grabber." Within a few months, Baranowski had eliminated the gopher population in Columbia Park. With the gopher problem resolved, the recreation fields at Columbia Park began to receive regular use.
Safety concerns 
In May 1993, a fight broke out among members of two gangs in Columbia Park. One of the gang members fired a gun that hit a bystander. However, a necklace worn by the woman stopped the bullet from completely penetrating her chest. As a result of the shooting, a neighborhood association's lobbying the city for park improvements, and homeowner complaints about "non-residents" using the basketball court and causing trouble. Torrance officials sought to improve security and took the unusual step of closing the park's basketball court by removing the basketball rims and padlocking the entry to the court.
Plans were created in 2001 to realign portions of the Columbia Park jogging path that were in lower areas or overlapped by sprinklers, to prevent flooded and slippery paths. The city added decomposed granite as part of fixing the problem, by draining water off the new raised sections.
Play equipment 
In 2003, the Firetruck used as play equipment at Columbia Park was determined to not meet the Federal Safety Guidelines for preventing head and hand entrapment, and protecting children from falling off the vehicle. In response to concerns about children playing on the firetruck it was fenced off. Three years later in January 2006 both the firetruck and fencing were removed, with plans to replacement with "neat, fun, and attractive play equipment with rubberized matting."
In 2006 Torrance considered possible sites, at both the city's Columbia Park and Wilson Park, for fenced-in dog parks, with two leash-free roaming sections separating large dogs from small dogs. In 2007, the city's Open Space Committee met to discuss the feasibility of adding city dog parks. Later in 2007 the Committee had determined the only area large enough to accommodate a divided area for both large and small dogs was the Southern California Edison easement at Columbia Park. The plan required Southern California Edison needed to approve the proposal, and start-up costs of at least $50,000.
In presenting the proposal to the Torrance City Council one month later, the Open Space Committee stated:
At that same meeting, the Dog Obedience Club of Torrance asserted that a Torrance Dog Park could bring potential liability to the city through dog fights, dog caused injuries, and spread of diseases and that the money would be better spent on the city's animal shelters. By a voice vote, the city council agreed that a dog park was not an essential element of Torrance's city park system.
Reservations and events 
Columbia Park and the 29 other Torrance city parks were deemed busy enough satisfying the citizens pleasure and recreation needs. Reservations are available from the Community Services: Parks Department, and needed for group picnic areas, organized sports fields, and larger special group events in the park and its facilities.
- Online Information Desk for:
- Artists, Craftmen's, & Quilters Guild
- Arts and Craft Boutiques
- Co-Rec Dances
- Dog Obedience and other Charter Clubs
- Lap Swimming hours
- Registration (classes, instructors, etc.)
- Rental for Parks & Buildings
- Senior Services, (taxi, bus ID's, housing), Senior Income Tax
- Sports; teams, field reservations, locations.
- Torrance Symphony info.
See also 
References - Notes 
- http://www.ci.torrance.ca.us/Parks/4708.htm . accessed 8/18/2010
- Stein, George (November 22, 1987). "Gopher Getter `G-Man' Kills 2,000 for City of Torrance". Los Angeles Times. p. 10. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- Burns O'Connor, Letitia (1997). Discover Los Angeles: An Informed Guide to L.A.'s Rich and Varied Cultural Life. J. Paul Getty Trust. p. 218. ISBN 0-89236-479-3. Retrieved 11 November 2008. "Roller-hockey rinks are located at Columbia Park (4045 190th St.) and Wilson Park (2200 Crenshaw Blvd.)"
- Walton, Stephanie (October 14, 2003). "ASK US – Q: Park walking path". Daily Breeze. pp. A4. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- Walton, Stephanie (October 27, 2001). "ASK US; Q: Jog path at Columbia Park". Daily Breeze. pp. A4. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- "Athletes of the week". Long Beach Press-Telegram. October 4, 2005. pp. B3. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- "Nonprofit S.T.E.P. makes its last trip after 31 years of local service". Daily Breeze. October 4, 2005. pp. B1. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
- http://dpw.lacounty.gov/epd/sg/index.cfm L.A. County Smart Gardening Centers . accessed 8/28/2010
- Sandell, Scott (February 16, 1995). "Highly Cultivated Community gardens tucked away in the landscape yield bushels of produce, offer an oasis from city life and provide fertile ground for social interaction". Los Angeles Times. p. 8. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- Fogel (October 22, 2003). "Torrance". Daily Breeze. pp. A3. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- http://dpw.lacounty.gov/epd/sg/bc.cfm Smart Gardening: Backyard Composting Program . accessed 8/28/2010
- Walton, Stephanie (October 24, 2000). "ASK US Q: "Green waste"". Daily Breeze.
- http://dpw.lacounty.gov/epd/sg/map_graph/Columbia-Park-photo-L.jpg Torrance Garden Learning Center - photo . accessed 8/28/2010
- Miller, Ken (April 16, 2007). "Ferraro left remarkable legacy". Daily Breeze. pp. A10. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
- Gindick, Tia (December 16, 1973). "Torrance Moves to Get Land for Columbia Park, Madrona Marsh". Los Angeles Times. pp. CS2. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- "Torrance Votes Another Extension on Funding Agreement for Columbia Park". Los Angeles Times. November 2, 1975. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- Altman, Larry (April 28, 2000). "Firefighter saves man from tower; Torrance rescuer pulls victim off 60-foot perch". Daily Breeze. pp. A3. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- "Sculptor Roger Berry Info". Sculpture Magazine. 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2008. See also, rogerberry.info.
- Murashko, Alex (January 31, 1993). "Women's Soccer Teams at Home in South Bay. Club sports: Participation remains high.". Los Angeles Times. p. 20. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- McFarland, Mary Ann (August 17, 2006). "No Headline". Daily Breeze. pp. A14. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
- "Landscape Assn. Names Winners Awards Presented for Outstanding Projects During 1984". Los Angeles Times. March 24, 1985. p. 2. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- "Torrance". Los Angeles Times. August 15, 1985. p. 2. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- Silsby, Gilien (February 27, 2000). "Change key to Witkowsky bid; Candidate says she knows the process". Daily Breeze. pp. C1. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- Walton, Stephanie (June 29, 2004). "Ask Us". Daily Breeze. pp. A4. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
- Yates, Nona (April 21, 1995). "Earth Day Events". Los Angeles Times. p. 2. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- Lee, Jasmine (August 12, 2001). "Group's gift of trees comes at 'ideal time' for Torrance". Daily Breeze. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- Walton, Stephanie (April 21, 2007). "Tree donation". Daily Breeze. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- Sweet, Sue (November 20, 2007). "Minutes of an Adjourned Regular Meeting of the Torrance City Council". The Torrance City Council. p. 16. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
- http://www.ci.torrance.ca.us/Parks/Documents/Living_Dedication_Tree_Program.pdf . accessed 8/18/2010
- Moran, Julio (October 24, 1985). "New Torrance Ordinance Takes Wind Out of Sail-Skating". Los Angeles Times. p. 1. Retrieved 11 November 2008. "Torrance Police Sgt. Jim Papst said a patrol officer spotted a sail skater at Columbia Park during the summer and clocked him with radar at 40 miles per hour (64 km/h). He said pedestrian safety is the main concern." Unknown parameter
- "Gold Necklace Stops Bullet From Killing Woman in Park". Long Beach Press-Telegram. May 24, 1993. pp. B2. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- Millican, Hony (May 30, 1993). "Gunfire at Park Prompts Closure of Basketball Court Safety: Homeowners complain about `non-residents' causing trouble. But others say curbing recreation will not control crime in Torrance, and oppose shutting it.". Los Angeles Times. p. 3. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- Walton, Stephanie (April 20, 2006). "Ask Us - Firetruck at Columbia Park". Daily Breeze. pp. A4. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
- The federal guideline for head and hand entrapment and fall standards are set out in Playground Hazards. "Public Playground Safety Handbook". U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission). pp. 14, 48. Retrieved 11 November 2008. Unknown parameter
- Hanigan, Ian (October 8, 2006). "A place for Pooches to Play in Torrance?". Daily Breeze. pp. A3. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
- Schaffer, Deborah (August 8, 2007). "Minutes of an Adjourned Regular Meeting of the Torrance City Council". The Torrance City Council. p. 3. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
- Schaffer, Deborah (September 12, 2007). "Minutes of an Adjourned Regular Meeting of the Torrance City Council". The Torrance City Council. p. 5. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
- Schaffer, Deborah (November 14, 2007). "Minutes of an Adjourned Regular Meeting of the Torrance City Council". The Torrance City Council. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
- http://www.ci.torrance.ca.us/Parks/4706.htm . accessed 8/18/2010
- Official Columbia Park website
- City of Torrance - Columbia Park: photos
- City of Torrance: Quick Reference Guide to all Torrance City Parks
- City of Torrance: Map to the 30 Torrance City Parks