Columbia University School of General Studies
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (January 2013)|
|Columbia University School of General Studies|
|Motto||Lux in Tenebris Lucet|
Motto in English
|The light that shines in the darkness|
|Location||New York, New York, USA|
|Campus||Urban, 36 acres (0.15 km2; 0.056 sq mi) Morningside Heights Campus, 26 acres (0.11 km2; 0.041 sq mi) Baker Field athletic complex, 20 acres (0.081 km2; 0.031 sq mi) Medical Center, 157 acres (0.64 km2; 0.245 sq mi) Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory|
|Affiliations||Albert A. List College (Jewish Theological Seminary of America), the Juilliard School, and Sciences Po|
The School of General Studies is a highly selective undergraduate liberal arts college of Columbia University that allows non-traditional students to pursue traditional undergraduate degrees.  GS students, who make up approximately 25% of the Columbia undergraduate population, have been known to consistently earn the highest average GPAs among undergraduates at Columbia University.
GS offers dual degree programs with List College of the Jewish Theological Seminary, Sciences Po in France, and the City University of Hong Kong. GS is the historical home to dual programs at Columbia University—the school is the first undergraduate college at Columbia University to offer joint programs with other universities. GS is also home to the Postbaccalaureate Premedical Program.
Columbia School of General Studies confers the degree of Bachelor of Arts (and until 2014, both the B.A. and B.S. degrees) in more than 70 majors. All GS students are required to take Core classes in Writing, Literature/Humanities, Foreign Language, Art Humanities, Music Humanities, Global Core, Contemporary Civilization/Social Science, Quantitative Reasoning, and Science.
In addition to its bachelor's degree program, the School of General Studies offers combined undergraduate/graduate degree programs with Columbia's Schools of Law, Business, Dental Medicine, Social Work, International and Public Affairs, Teachers College, and the College of Physicians and Surgeons, as well as undergraduate dual-degree programs with the Columbia School of Engineering and Applied Science, the Jewish Theological Seminary, and the Dual BA Program Between Columbia University and the French University Sciences Po.
Admission to Columbia GS is highly selective and "extremely competitive." Admission standards are among the highest in the nation: the SAT score range (25th -75th percentiles) for admitted students is 650-760 for Critical Reading, 670-760 for Math, and 670-760 for Writing. The average GPA of admitted students is 3.9/4.0. 
Admission requires a formal application as well as submission of official SAT or ACT test scores, academic transcripts, essays, and recommendations; if the test scores are older than eight years, applicants may instead take the General Studies Admissions Examination. Interviews are conducted in person and on the phone.
Eligibility for admission requires that applicants have taken a minimum of one year or more off from academic studies, or have extenuating circumstances which preclude them from attending Columbia College full-time. Prospective Columbia undergraduates who have had a break of a year or more in their education, have already completed an undergraduate degree, or are pursuing dual undergraduate degrees are considered non-traditional and are automatically ineligible for admission to Columbia College.  GS students have the option to attend part- or full-time.
Sciences Po Columbia University Dual BA Program
The Dual BA Program is a highly selective program in which undergraduate students earn Bachelor of Arts degrees from both Sciences Po and Columbia University. Students spend two years at one of three Sciences Po campuses in France (Le Havre, Menton, or Reims), each of which is devoted to a particular region of the world. After two years, students matriculate at Columbia University, where they complete the Core Curriculum. Graduates of the program are guaranteed admission to a Sciences Po graduate program. High school students may apply.
Nontraditional education began at Columbia in the 1830s. A formal program, Extension Teaching (later renamed University Extension), was created by Columbia President Nicholas Murray Butler in 1904. GS's evolutionary ancestor, however, is Seth Low Junior College, which was established in Downtown Brooklyn to help alleviate the flood of Jewish applicants to Columbia College. The entrance requirements for Seth Low Junior College were reportedly the same as those enforced in Columbia College. Following completion of the two-year program, graduates could complete their undergraduate educations at the University's professional graduate schools (many of which still conferred bachelor's degrees) or earn B.S. degrees as University Undergraduates at the Morningside Heights campus. 
However, Seth Low Junior College was closed in 1938 due to the establishment of Brooklyn College in 1930 and the concomitant economic effects of the Great Depression. Henceforth, its remaining students were absorbed into Columbia's undergraduate population as students in the University Extension program.  Admission to the degree program was contingent on a B average in the secondary school courses required by Columbia College.
With an influx of students attending the University on the GI Bill following the resolution of World War II, in December 1946, the University Undergraduate program was reorganized as an official undergraduate college for "qualified students who, because of employment or for other reasons, are unable to attend other schools of the University" and designated the School of General Studies as of July 1947. Additionally, the School was tasked with offering instruction to non-matriculated, part-time students on the adult level.
In December 1968, the University Council permitted GS to grant the B.A. degree over the objections of some members of the Columbia College Faculty. The Board of Trustees authorized that decision in February 1969.
In 1990, the CC, GS, and GSAS faculties were merged into the Faculty of Arts & Sciences. As a result, GS students receive degrees conferred by the Trustees of Columbia University through the Faculty of Art & Sciences, and GS is recognized as one of the two official liberal arts colleges at Columbia University, along with Columbia College.
More recently, as a result of the passage of extended GI Bill coverage in 2008, the school hosts many U.S. and international veterans. In the 2010-2011 school year, the school hosted about 150 of Columbia's nearly 300 studying veterans.
- Frederick H. Sykes, (1904–1910) Director of Extension Teaching.
- James Chidester Egbert, Jr., (1910–1942) Director of Extension Teaching/University Extension.
- Harry Morgan Ayres, (1942–1948) Director of University Extension (re-established as School of General Studies in 1947).
- John A. Krout, (1948–1951) Acting Director of the School of General Studies
- Louis M. Hacker, (1951–1958), former student of University Extension. First Dean of the School of General Studies.
- Cliford L. Lord, (1958–1964)
- Clarence C. Walton, (1964–1969)
- Aaron Warner, (1969–1976)
- Ward H. Dennis, (1977–1991)
- Frank Wolf, Acting Dean, (1991–93)
- Caroline W. Bynum, (1993–1994)
- Gillian Lindt, (1994–1997)
- Peter J. Awn, (1997–Present)
Notable alumni and attendees
The following list contains some of the notable alumni and attendees of the School of General Studies and its extension school predecessors only. For a full list of people associated with Columbia University as a whole, please see the list of Columbia University people.
An asterisk (*) indicates an attendee who did not graduate.
Alumni of the School of General Studies and its precursors
- Ira Gershwin* (1918) Attended pre-medical classes, Pulitzer Prize-winning American composer.
- Amelia Earhart* (1920) Attended one semester, American aviator and early female pilot.
- Simon Kuznets (1923), Nobel Prize-winning economist.
- David O. Selznick* (1923), Hollywood producer, King Kong, Gone with the Wind
- Federico García Lorca* (1929), Attended briefly, Spanish poet and dramatist.
- J. D. Salinger* (1939), Writer, The Catcher in the Rye
- Isaac Asimov (1939), science fiction writer and biochemist
- Jane Jacobs* (1940s), Attended for two years, author The Death and Life of Great American Cities, urban theorist and activist.
- Baruj Benacerraf (1942), Nobel Prize-winning immunologist.
- Telly Savalas (1946), Actor, Emmy-award winner and Oscar nominee.
- Ossie Davis (1948), Actor and social activist, Emmy- and Golden Globe-award nominee.
- Florynce Kennedy (1949), Feminist, Civil Rights advocate, Social activist
- John W. Backus (1950), Developer of Fortran, the first true computer language.
- Anthony Perkins* (1950s), Actor and writer.
- Frank Sutton (1952), actor, Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C.
- Donald Clarence Judd (1953), Artist.
- Donald Richie (1953), Film Critic.
- Sandy Koufax* (1955), Hall of Fame pitcher for the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers.
- Mike Gravel (1956), Former US Senator from Alaska and candidate for the 2008 Democratic nomination for President of the United States. Released full Pentagon Papers.
- Pat Boone (1957), Singer and actor.
- Raymond Federman (1957), French–American novelist and academic; author, Double or Northing
- Gerard W. Ford (1957), Founder of the Ford Modeling Agency.
- Hunter S. Thompson*, (1958). Writer.
- Alfred Appel (1959), scholar on Vladimir Nabokov
- Mary McFadden (1959), Fashion Designer
- Stewart Rawlings Mott (1959), Lobbyist and Philanthropist
- Barbara Probst Solomon (1960), American author, essayist and journalist
- Edward Klein (1960), Author.
- R. W. Apple (1961), The New York Times associate editor.
- John Tauranac (1963), Chief designer of the New York City Subway map of 1979.
- Jehuda Reinharz (1964), President of Brandeis University
- Malcolm Borg (1965), Chairman of North Jersey Media Group (formerly Macromedia, Inc.) owner of The Record (Bergen County)
- Patricia Ryan (1968), former managing editor of People and Life magazines; the first woman to be the editor of a major American weekly magazine
- Bruce Mayrock* (1969) Student activist and self-immolator
- Jacques Pepin (1970), internationally recognized French chef, TV personality, dean at the International Culinary Center
- Edward Cecil Harris (1971), Creator of the Harris matrix.
- Peter H. Kostmayer (1971), Former Democratic Congressman from Pennsylvania.
- Roger Pilon (1971), Constitutional scholar and legal theorist.
- Howard Dean (1975), Attended post-baccalureate Premedical Program. Former Governor of Vermont and Chairman of the Democratic National Committee.
- Arlene Shuler (1977), President and CEO of New York City Center
- John Horgan (1982), American science journalist, known for his 1996 book, The End of Science
- Howard G. Chua-Eoan (1983), News Director, Time.
- Gil Shaham (1990), Violinist.
- Ted Rall (1991), Syndicated cartoonist, president of the Association of American Editorial Cartoonists from 2008 to 2009
- Mako Kamitsuna (1992), film editor, Blackhat (film)IBlackhat
- Mark Rotella (1992), senior editor at Publishers Weekly
- Jon Snyder (1992), co-founder of Ciao Bella Gelato Company
- Sasha Frere-Jones (1993), American writer, music critic, and musician
- Eric Drath (1994), director, Assault in the Ring
- Patrick Gaspard* (1994–1997), Obama Administration - White House Political Director
- Chris Dixon (1996), angel investor, co-founder of Hunch and SiteAdvisor
- Ingrid Bengis (1996), American writer
- Gale Brewer (1997), 27th Borough president of Manhattan
- Josh Waitzkin* (1999), Child chess prodigy and author.
- Princess Firyal of Jordan (1999) Jordanian princess, socialite, and philanthropist
- Robert Sean Leonard*, American actor
- Erik Courtney (2000) Bravo TV personality Newlyweds: The First Year
- Joseph Gordon-Levitt* (2000-2004), American actor and director
- Philippe Reines (2000), Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs and Senior Advisor to Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton.
- Eytan Schwartz (2001), Israeli Reality television personality
- Larysa Kondracki (2001), Canadian film director, The Whistleblower
- Steve Hofstetter (2002), comedian, host, and executive producer of "Laughs" on Fox television stations
- Eric Shaw (2003), Emmy Award-winning writer for SpongeBob SquarePants
- Julia Bacha (2003), Brazilian documentary maker, director of Budrus
- Scott Brinker (2005), programmer and entrepreneur
- Mary Helen Bowers (2008), celebrity fitness guru, entrepreneur, former New York City Ballet dancer
- Thomas Reardon (2008), creator of Internet Explorer
- Jonathan Taylor Thomas (2010), Actor.
- Lena Park (2010), Korean-American singer
- Sara Ziff (2011), American supermodel
- Jason Everman (2013), former member of Nirvana, Soundgarden, the Army Rangers, and Green Berets
- Cameron Russell (2013), model and activist.
- Troy Murphy (Expected 2015), former NBA player
- Alexandra Ansanelli (2010-), American ballet dancer for The Royal Ballet
- "The Core | General Studies". Gs.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- "Columbia University School of General Studies". Princetonreview.com. 2013-09-22. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- "Program Overview | General Studies". Gs.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- Stand, Columbia: A History of Columbia University in the City of New York ... - Robert A. McCaughey - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- "Columbia Daily Spectator 2 June 1942 — Columbia Spectator". Spectatorarchive.library.columbia.edu. 1942-06-02. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- "Columbia Daily Spectator 10 November 1942 — Columbia Spectator". Spectatorarchive.library.columbia.edu. 1942-11-10. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- "Columbia Daily Spectator 6 December 1946 — Columbia Spectator". Spectatorarchive.library.columbia.edu. 1946-12-06. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- "Columbia Daily Spectator 19 December 1968 — Columbia Spectator". Spectatorarchive.library.columbia.edu. 1968-12-19. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- Lisa W. Foderaro (January 8, 2010). "From Battlefield to Ivy League, on the G.I. Bill". The New York Times.