Columbiana County, Ohio
|Columbiana County, Ohio|
Location in the state of Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
|Founded||May 1, 1803|
|Named for||Christopher Columbus|
|• Total||534.69 sq mi (1,385 km2)|
|• Land||531.89 sq mi (1,378 km2)|
|• Water||2.80 sq mi (7 km2), 0.52%|
|• Density||202.7/sq mi (78/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Columbiana County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 107,841, which is a decrease of 3.8% from 112,075 in 2000. The county seat is Lisbon. The county name is derived from the explorer of the Americas, Christopher Columbus.
Columbiana County comprises the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Youngstown-Warren, OH-PA Combined Statistical Area. It also abuts the Pittsburgh, PA Metropolitan Area directly to the east. Pittsburgh International Airport is only a 35-minute drive southeast of East Liverpool, while Downtown Pittsburgh is only 50 minutes away.
Due to its location, Columbiana County is traditionally considered part of both Appalachian Ohio and the Steel Valley, sharing more in common culturally with neighboring Western Pennsylvania and West Virginia (both of which are also part of Appalachia) than much of Northeast Ohio in general. Officially considered part of the Youngstown television market, the Steubenville television market regularly reports in the area as well.
The principal historic Indian tribes in the area were the Wyandots, Mingoes, and Delawares. Throughout the second half of the 18th century white explorers, starting with Christopher Gist in 1750, came to the area. George Washington, while engaged in land examinations, camped in the area of present-day East Liverpool in 1774.
Columbiana County was founded in 1803 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus. It was the scene of one of the northern-most action fought during the American Civil War; in July 1863 Confederate raiders under John Morgan were surrounded and captured by Union forces.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 534.69 square miles (1,384.8 km2), of which 531.89 square miles (1,377.6 km2) (or 99.48%) is land and 2.80 square miles (7.3 km2) (or 0.52%) is water.
- Mahoning County (north)
- Lawrence County, Pennsylvania (northeast)
- Beaver County, Pennsylvania (east)
- Hancock County, West Virginia (southeast)
- Jefferson County (south)
- Carroll County (southwest)
- Stark County (west)
As of the census of 2000, there were 112,075 people, 42,973 households, and 30,682 families residing in the county. The population density was 210 people per square mile (81/km²). There were 46,083 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.43% White, 2.20% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.0% were of German, 12.9% English, 12.8% American, 12.3% Irish and 9.3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 42,973 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,226, and the median income for a family was $40,486. Males had a median income of $32,134 versus $20,331 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,655. About 9.00% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.
- From 1809-1833 it was home to early Ohio statesman Robert Justice.
- William McKinley, 25th President of the United States, grew up in New Lisbon (now Lisbon).
- Clarkson was the homestead of the maternal grandmother of President Richard Nixon, Almira Park, the mother of Hannah Milhous Nixon.
- Copperhead leader Clement Vallandigham was born and lived for several years in New Lisbon (now Lisbon), as did U.S. Senator Mark Hanna (R-Ohio).
- Derek Wolfe, NFL Defensive End, plays for Denver Broncos and lived in Negley for several years before playing football for the University of Cincinnati and the Denver Broncos of the National Football League. He also attended high school at Beaver Local High School in Madison Township.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Columbiana County, Ohio
- Historical Sketch of Columbiana County http://www.columbianacounty.org/history.htm
- "Ohio County Profiles: Columbiana County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
- "Columbiana County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-16.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Columbiana County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Archived from the original on 2008-01-15. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Official Columbiana County website
- Columbiana County Biographies
- Humane Society of Columbiana County
- Columbiana County Fair
||Stark County||Mahoning County||Lawrence County, Pennsylvania|
|Stark County||Beaver County, Pennsylvania|
|Carroll County||Jefferson County||Hancock County, West Virginia|