Colville, Washington

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Colville, Washington
Highland Cemetery
Highland Cemetery
Location of Colville, Washington
Location of Colville, Washington
Coordinates: 48°32′42″N 117°54′3″W / 48.54500°N 117.90083°W / 48.54500; -117.90083Coordinates: 48°32′42″N 117°54′3″W / 48.54500°N 117.90083°W / 48.54500; -117.90083
Country United States
State Washington
County Stevens
 • City 2.93 sq mi (7.59 km2)
 • Land 2.93 sq mi (7.59 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,614 ft (492 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City 4,673
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 4,675
 • Density 1,594.9/sq mi (615.8/km2)
 • Urban 4,966
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP code 99114
Area code 509
FIPS code 53-14170
GNIS feature ID 1517983[4]

Colville (Ktunaxa: xapqǂinik̓[5]) is a city in Stevens County, Washington, United States. The population was 4,673 at the 2010 census.[6] It is the county seat of Stevens County.[7]


John Work, an agent for The Hudson's Bay Company, established Fort Colville near the Kettle Falls fur trading site in 1825. It replaced the Spokan House and the Flathead Post as the main trading center of the Upper Columbia River. The Oregon boundary dispute (or Oregon question) arose as a result of competing British and American claims to the Pacific Northwest of North America in the first half of the 19th century. In 1859, the US Army established a new Fort Colville at Pinkney City, about 1.5 miles NE of the current city of Colville. That fort was abandoned in 1882 and the city was moved to the present location on the Colville River Valley.

In the 1950s, in the hills above Colville, was the Colville Air Force Station, part of the Air Defense Command's network of radar stations. A few buildings remain at the site today which is largely used by paint-ballers.

Colville, as a town, was claimed to be founded by John U. Hofstetter,[8] and was officially incorporated as a city on June 7, 1890.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.93 square miles (7.59 km2), all of it land.[1][9]


This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Colville has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[10]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 594
1910 1,533 158.1%
1920 1,718 12.1%
1930 1,803 4.9%
1940 2,418 34.1%
1950 3,033 25.4%
1960 3,806 25.5%
1970 3,742 −1.7%
1980 4,603 23.0%
1990 4,360 −5.3%
2000 4,988 14.4%
2010 4,673 −6.3%
Est. 2012 4,675 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
2012 Estimate[12]

As of 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $32,168, and the median income for a family was $40,466. Males had a median income of $32,066 versus $21,782 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,031. About 10.4% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,673 people, 2,043 households, and 1,161 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,594.9 inhabitants per square mile (615.8 /km2). There were 2,221 housing units at an average density of 758.0 per square mile (292.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.4% White, 0.1% African American, 2.1% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 2,043 households of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.1% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.2% were non-families. 38.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.6% were from 25 to 44; 26.9% were from 45 to 64; and 18.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.8% male and 54.2% female.


The area is supported by the timber and mining industry, manufacturing, and regional offices of the Washington State Department of Natural Resources and U.S. Forest Service. Major private employers include Boise Cascade, Vaagen Brothers, Hearth and Home, Hewes Marine, Colmac Coil Manufacturing, Colmac Industries, and Delta Dental of Washington. Lesser industries are cattle, horse, and hay-farming, and more recently tourism to nearby National Forest Land for hunting and fishing, and to local farms, orchards and corn mazes.


External links[edit]