|• City||2.93 sq mi (7.59 km2)|
|• Land||2.93 sq mi (7.59 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,614 ft (492 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||4,675|
|• Density||1,594.9/sq mi (615.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1517983|
John Work, an agent for The Hudson's Bay Company, established Fort Colville near the Kettle Falls fur trading site in 1825. It replaced the Spokan House and the Flathead Post as the main trading center of the Upper Columbia River. The Oregon boundary dispute (or Oregon question) arose as a result of competing British and American claims to the Pacific Northwest of North America in the first half of the 19th century. In 1859, the US Army established a new Fort Colville at Pinkney City, about 1.5 miles NE of the current city of Colville. That fort was abandoned in 1882 and the city was moved to the present location on the Colville River Valley.
In the 1950s, in the hills above Colville, was the Colville Air Force Station, part of the Air Defense Command's network of radar stations. A few buildings remain at the site today which is largely used by paint-ballers.
As of 2000[update], the median income for a household in the city was $32,168, and the median income for a family was $40,466. Males had a median income of $32,066 versus $21,782 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,031. About 10.4% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,673 people, 2,043 households, and 1,161 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,594.9 inhabitants per square mile (615.8 /km2). There were 2,221 housing units at an average density of 758.0 per square mile (292.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.4% White, 0.1% African American, 2.1% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.
There were 2,043 households of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.1% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.2% were non-families. 38.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.95.
The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.6% were from 25 to 44; 26.9% were from 45 to 64; and 18.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.8% male and 54.2% female.
The area is supported by the timber and mining industry, manufacturing, and regional offices of the Washington State Department of Natural Resources and U.S. Forest Service. Major private employers include Boise Cascade, Vaagen Brothers, Hearth and Home, Hewes Marine, Colmac Coil Manufacturing, Colmac Industries, and Washington Dental Service. Lesser industries are cattle, horse, and hay-farming, and more recently tourism to nearby National Forest Land for hunting and fishing, and to local farms, orchards and corn mazes.
In popular culture
Colville is the setting of Debbie Macomber's novel Susannah's Garden.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "FirstVoices: Nature / Environment - place names: words. Ktunaxa.". Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 4, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved October 4, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Colville, Washington.|
- City of Colville
- Colville Chamber of Commerce
- History of Colville at HistoryLink
- Colville, Washington at the Open Directory Project