|A model of the future C919 in flight|
|Role||Narrow-body jet airliner|
|National origin||People's Republic of China|
|First flight||May 2014 (projected)|
The Comac C919 is a planned family of 168-190 seat narrow-body airliners to be built by the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (Comac). It will be the largest commercial airliner designed and built in China since the defunct Shanghai Y-10. Its first flight is expected to take place in 2014, with deliveries scheduled for 2016.
The C919 forms part of China's long-term goal to break Airbus and Boeing's duopoly, and is intended to compete against Airbus A320, Boeing 737 and Russian MS-21. As a long term plan the twin‑engine, twin aisle C929 and C939 are proposed, offering 300 and 400 seats, respectively.
Construction of the nose section of the aircraft commenced on 2 September 2009.
Comac applied for a type certificate for the aircraft from the Civil Aviation Authority of China on 28 October 2010. The company plans to conduct the first flight of the C919 in 2014, with deliveries beginning in 2016, whereas Marwan Lahoud, Chief Strategy & Marketing Officer of EADS, assumes a competition outside China around 2020.
In June 2011 COMAC and Irish low-cost airline Ryanair signed an agreement to co-operate on the development of the C-919 On 24 November 2011, Comac announced the completion of the joint definition phase, marking the end of the preliminary design of the C919. The company said it planned to cut the first metal for the aircraft in December 2011, with estimated completion of the detailed design phase in 2012.
With an estimated development cost of $8.3 billion, Comac plans to produce 5-10 planes per year in 2016 and 2017, ramping could be up to 150 C919s subsequently. The company intends to manufacture up to 2,300 aircraft of that type.
Design and assembly of the aircraft will be done in Shanghai, using foreign-made jet engines and avionics. However, China has expressed its desire to eventually produce a domestically-made engine for the C919.
The center wing box, outer wing box, wing panels, flaps and ailerons are planned to be built in Xi'an, China. The center fuselage sections are planned to be built in Hongdu, China. The airframe will be made largely of aluminium alloy, while the center wing box also makes use of carbonfiber composites.
CFM International will supply a version of the LEAP engine, the LEAP-1C, to power the aircraft. The engine's nacelle, thrust reverser and exhaust system will be provided by Nexcelle, with such features as an advanced inlet configuration, the extensive use of composites and acoustic treatment and an electrically-operated thrust reverser. Michelin will supply Air X radial tyres.
Dimensions of the C919 are very similar to the Airbus A320, possibly to allow for a common pallet to be used. Its fuselage will be 3.96 metres (13 feet) wide, and 4.166 metres (13 feet, 8 inches) high, producing a cross-section of 12.915 square metres (139 square feet). The wingspan will be 33.6 metres (110 feet, 3 inches), or 35.4 metres (116 feet, 3 inches) if winglets are included.
According to a film shown by Comac at the 2010 Zhuhai Airshow, the company plans to build six different models of the aircraft: a base passenger aircraft with 168 seats, as well as stretched and shrunk passenger versions, business jet and freighter models, and a type designated only as "special."
Generally Comac C919 is targeted to break the duopoly of Boeing-Airbus. However the main reason is probably price factor - Airbus is not targeted as the "cheapest", and Boeing don't have to fight too much with that. Ongoing rising prices of fuel, with especially damaging low-cost flying model, was probably main reason of Ryanair interest in project. Generally the low-cost airlines often change planes, to avoid paying too much for fuel, because they model focus on making as many flights as possible. Direct competitor - Boeing 737 unit cost of (low space variant)32 -90 million $ means that target price for this airplane should be lower. Especially Airbus 320 cost from US$67.7 million to US$103.6 million. Neither the Comac developers announced a price tag for each plane, although based on industry speculation current orders for 2012 could be worth more than US$ 26 billion. This with 2012 orders for 380  lead to projected average price of about 68 million $.
Some experts however say that the C919 will not be unbeatable aircraft in terms of technologically or commercially when it starts flying. This is because of the strong dependence on foreign suppliers. Especially the price of engine is one of the key things in flying aircraft, and it probably will be bought from CFM International Inc. (LEAP-X1C engine), the same company that sells CFM International CFM56 used by direct competitors.
Orders and deliveries 
At the 2010 Zhuhai Airshow, Comac announced orders for 55 C919 aircraft from six airlines, with an additional 45 options. The purchasing airlines or lessors were China Eastern Airlines, Air China, Hainan Airlines, China Southern Airlines, CDB Leasing Company, and GE Capital Aviation Services.
On 20 October 2011, Chinese leasing company ICBC Leasing announced an order for 45 C919s, as well as an agreement to be the launch customer for the aircraft.
Pilot production of the C919 began on December 9, 2011.
The model received a total of 115 orders in 2012.
|ABC Financial Leasing||45||0||Leasing company owned by Agricultural Bank of China|
|Air China||20||0||Beijing based airline|
|BOC Aviation||20||0||Wholly owned by Bank of China, former leasing company of Singapore|
|BOCOMM Leasing||30||0||Leasing company and unit of Shanghai based Bank of Communications|
|CCB Financial Leasing||50||0||Leasing company owned by China Construction Bank and Bank of America|
|CDB Leasing Company||10||0||Leasing company and unit of Beijing based China Development Bank|
|China Aircraft Leasing Company (CALC)||20||0||Leasing company based in Hong Kong|
|China Eastern Airlines||20||0||Shanghai based airline|
|China Southern Airlines||20||0||Guangzhou based airline|
|GECAS (General Electric Capital Aviation Services)||20||0||Leasing company based in Stamford, CT and Shannon, Ireland; unit of General Electric|
|Hainan Airlines||20||0||Haikou based airline under Grand China Air|
|Hebei Airlines||20||0||Shijiazhuang based airline|
|ICBC Leasing||45||0||Leasing company of Beijing, China based Industrial and Commercial Bank of China|
|Sichuan Airlines||20||0||Chengdu based airline with 40% provincial ownership|
|Seating capacity||141 (2-class)||156 (2-class)|
|Length||38.9 metres (127 ft 7 in)|
|Wingspan||35.8 metres (117 ft 5 in)|
|Wing area||129.15 square metres (1,390 square feet)|
|Height||11.95 metres (39 ft 2 in)|
|Cabin width||3.9 metres (12 ft 10 in)|
|Cabin height||2.25 metres (7 ft 5 in)|
|Typical empty weight|
|Maximum take-off weight||170,400 pounds (77,300 kg) extended range|
|Range fully loaded||4,075 km (2,200 nmi)||5,555 km (2,999 nmi)|
|Max. operating speed||Mach 0.785 900 kilometres (560 mi) (extended range)|
|Normal cruise speed||834 kilometres (518 mi)|
|Take off run at MTOW|
|Service Ceiling||12,100 metres (39,700 ft)|
|Powerplants (2x)||CFM International LEAP 1C|
|Engine thrust||25,000–30,000 lbf (110,000–130,000 N)|
See also 
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Airbus A320 family
- Boeing 737 family
- Embraer E-Jet family
- Bombardier CSeries
- Irkut MS-21 series
- Kawasaki YPX
- Related lists
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Comac C919|
- C919 Program official page at Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China
- Analysis: COMAC attempts to break the Airbus-Boeing duopoly Fuentes, 2011
-  Leeham News and Comment
- "China names first jumbo jet C919, to take off in 8 years". Xinhua News Agency. 6 March 2009. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
- Lagorce, Aude (December 21, 2009). "Safran, GE win contract for engines to upcoming Chinese jet". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- "Comac plans six C919 models targeting Airbus and Boeing". Flightblogger (Flightglobal.com blog). 16 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
- Sandilands, Ben (8 September 2009). "China models its airliner ambitions". Crikey. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
- "China unveils jet at Asia's biggest air show". Agence France-Presse. 8 September 2009. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
- MANTHORPE, JONATHAN (28 January 2013). "China's airliner industry ambitions still a distant dream". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
- Perrett, Bradley (8 September 2009). "Comac Begins Building C919 Structure". Aviation Week. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
- "Zhuhai10: COMAC releases C919 specifications". Flight Global. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
- Airbus to Seek Alliances as Rivals Try to Sell Big Planes Bloomberg
- Ryanair and Comac (Commercial Aircraft Corp. of China) Sign C 919...
- "C919 project at "crucial point" in detailed design - Comac". Flightglobal.com. 25 November 2011. Archived from the original on 30 November 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- "C919 project at "crucial point" in detailed design - Comac". industryweek.com. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
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- Pratt offers geared turbofan for China's C919 airliner
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- COMAC C919 - program supplier guide
- "CFM to build LEAP-X engine in China after C919 deal". Retrieved 21 December 2009.
- "High Tech Nacelle for C919 Said To Be World First". Retrieved 7 September 2011.
- "Michelin to supply tyres for China's first commercial airliner". Michelin. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 12 June 2012. ]
- "Comac C919 lands orders from six customers for 100 jets". The Seattle Post-Intelligencer. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
- "ICBC Leasing orders 45 C919s, becomes launch customer". Flightglobal.com. 20 October 2011. Archived from the original on 20 October 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
- COMAC begins pilot production of C919 jet - People's Daily Online
- ANALYSIS: Fleet Watch - Year 2012
- China’s ABC Leasing orders 45 C919s
- 中国C919大型客机参加新加坡航展 新获20架订单
- C919 orders signed between COMAC and CCBFL