|A model of the future C919 in flight|
|Role||Narrow-body twin-engine jet airliner|
|National origin||People's Republic of China|
|First flight||Summer 2016 (projected)|
|Number built||Building 1 prototype.|
The Comac C919 is a planned family of 158-174 seat narrow-body twin-engine airliners to be built by the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (Comac). It will be the largest commercial airliner designed and built in China since the defunct Shanghai Y-10. Its first flight is expected to take place in 2015, with first deliveries scheduled for late 2018.
The C919 forms part of China's long-term goal to break Airbus and Boeing's duopoly, and is intended to compete against Airbus A320, Boeing 737 and Irkut MC-21. As a long term plan the twin‑engine, twin aisle C929 and C939 are proposed, offering 300 and 400 seats, respectively.
Comac applied for a type certificate for the aircraft from the Civil Aviation Authority of China on 28 October 2010. The company plans to conduct the first flight of the C919 in 2015, with deliveries beginning in 2017, whereas Marwan Lahoud, Chief Strategy & Marketing Officer of Airbus Group, assumes a competition outside China around 2020.
In June 2011 COMAC and Irish low-cost airline Ryanair signed an agreement to co-operate on the development of the C919 On 24 November 2011, Comac announced the completion of the joint definition phase, marking the end of the preliminary design phase for the C919. The company said it planned to cut the first metal for the aircraft in December 2011, with estimated completion of the detailed design phase in 2012.
With an estimated development cost of $8.3 billion, Comac planned to produce 5-10 planes per year in 2016 and 2017, subsequently ramping up to 150 C919s. The company intends to manufacture up to 2,300 aircraft of that type.
In 2014 delivery was yet again delayed by technology and supplier problems, this time to 2018.
Design and assembly of the aircraft will be done in Shanghai, using foreign-made jet engines and avionics. However, China has expressed its desire to produce a domestically made engine for the C919.
The center wing box, outer wing box, wing panels, flaps and ailerons are planned to be built in Xi'an, China. The center fuselage sections are planned to be built in Hongdu, China. The airframe will be made largely of aluminium alloy, while the center wing box also makes use of carbonfiber composites.
CFM International will supply a version of the LEAP engine, the LEAP-1C, to power the aircraft. The engine's nacelle, thrust reverser and exhaust system will be provided by Nexcelle, with such features as an advanced inlet configuration, the extensive use of composites and acoustic treatment and an electrically operated thrust reverser. Michelin will supply Air X radial tyres.
Dimensions of the C919 are very similar to the Airbus A320, possibly to allow for a common pallet to be used. Its fuselage will be 3.96 metres (13 feet) wide, and 4.166 metres (13 feet, 8 inches) high, producing a cross-section of 12.915 square metres (139 square feet). The wingspan will be 33.6 metres (110 feet, 3 inches), or 35.4 metres (116 feet, 3 inches) if winglets are included.
According to a film shown by Comac at the 2010 Zhuhai Airshow, the company plans to build six different models of the aircraft: a base passenger aircraft with 168 seats, as well as stretched and shrunk passenger versions, business jet and freighter models, and a type designated only as "special".
The Comac C919 is intended to be a new entrant in the market of commercial airliners. Ongoing fuel price increases, being especially damaging to the low-cost flying model, was probably the main reason for Ryanair's interest in the project. Generally, the low-cost airlines change planes frequently to avoid paying too much for fuel, because their model focus on making as many flights as possible. Direct competitor - Boeing 737 unit cost of US$ 78.3-108.3 million, means that target price for this airplane should be lower. The Airbus A320 costs even more, from US$71.9 million to US$120.5 million. The Comac developers have not announced a price tag for each plane, although based on industry speculation current orders for 2012 could be worth more than US$26 billion. This with 2012 orders for 380 examples, lead to projected average price of about $68 million.
Some experts believe the C919 will not be competitive either technologically or commercially when it enters service given the plane's strong dependence on foreign suppliers. In particular, the price of the engines is one of the key cost factors in aircraft manufacturing, and they will probably be bought from CFM International Inc. (LEAP-X1C engine), the same company that sells the CFM International CFM56 used by direct competitors. In 2013, state-owned newspaper Global Times complained that an Aviation Week editorial about the bleak prospects for the aircraft "maliciously disparaged the future outlook for the C919".
Orders and deliveries
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014)|
At the 2010 Zhuhai Airshow, Comac announced orders for 55 C919 aircraft from six airlines, with an additional 45 options. The purchasing airlines or lessors included China Eastern Airlines, Air China, Hainan Airlines, China Southern Airlines, CDB Leasing Company, and GE Capital Aviation Services.
On 20 October 2011, Chinese leasing company ICBC Leasing announced an order for 45 C919s, as well as an agreement to be the launch customer for the aircraft. On November 11, 2014, Comac announced at the 2014 Zhuhai Airshow that China Merchants Bank's aircraft leasing division made a firm commitment for 30 C919s, and that total orders were now up to 450 aircraft.
Production of the first C919 testing prototype began on December 9, 2011. The flight testbed was expected to enter final assembly in 2014, and perform its first flight sometime in 2015. However, as of the 2014 Zhuhai Airshow, the first flight has been delayed to 2015, with the first delivery delayed to 2018.
|ABC Financial Leasing||45||0||Leasing company owned by Agricultural Bank of China|
|Air China||20||0||Beijing based airline|
|BOC Aviation||20||0||Wholly owned by Bank of China, former leasing company of Singapore|
|BOCOMM Leasing||30||0||Leasing company and unit of Shanghai based Bank of Communications|
|CCB Financial Leasing||50||0||Leasing company owned by China Construction Bank and Bank of America|
|CDB Leasing Company||10||0||Leasing company and unit of Beijing based China Development Bank|
|China Aircraft Leasing Company (CALC)||20||0||Leasing company based in Hong Kong|
|China Eastern Airlines||20||0||Shanghai based airline|
|China Southern Airlines||20||0||Guangzhou based airline|
|GECAS (General Electric Capital Aviation Services)||20||0||Leasing company based in Stamford, CT and Shannon, Ireland; unit of General Electric|
|Hainan Airlines||20||0||Haikou based airline under Grand China Air|
|Hebei Airlines||20||0||Shijiazhuang based airline|
|ICBC Leasing||45||0||Leasing company of Beijing, China based Industrial and Commercial Bank of China|
|Industrial Bank Financial Leasing Co Ltd||20||0||Leasing company of Fuzhou, China based Industrial Bank Co.|
|Joy Air||20||0||Xi'an based airline|
|Sichuan Airlines||20||0||Chengdu based airline|
|China Merchants Bank||30||0||Chinese bank's aircraft leasing division|
|Huaxia Financial Leasing||20||0||Leasing unit of Huaxia Bank|
|C919-Mixed||C919-All ECO||C919-High Density|
|Seating capacity||156 (2-class)||168 (1-class)||174 (1-class)|
|Seat pitch base line||12 pax (97 cm (38 in)) + 144 pax (81 cm (32 in))||168 pax (81 cm (32 in))||174 pax (76 cm (30 in))|
|Length||38.9 metres (127 ft 7 in)|
|Wingspan||35.8 metres (117 ft 5 in)|
|Wing area||129.15 square metres (1,390 square feet)|
|Height||11.95 metres (39 ft 2 in)|
|Cabin width||3.9 metres (12 ft 10 in)|
|Cabin height||2.25 metres (7 ft 5 in)|
|Typical empty weight|
|Maximum take-off weight||77,300 kilograms (170,400 lb) extended range|
|Range fully loaded||4,075 km (2,200 nmi)||5,555 km (2,999 nmi)|
|Max. operating speed||Mach 0.785 900 kilometres (560 mi) (extended range)|
|Normal cruise speed||834 kilometres (518 mi)|
|Take off run at MTOW|
|Service Ceiling||12,100 metres (39,700 ft)|
|Powerplants (2x)||CFM International LEAP 1C|
|Engine thrust||110,000–130,000 N (25,000–30,000 lbf)|
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- Ren, Daniel (22 May 2014). "China's first large airliner delayed by technology problems". www.scmp.com (South China Morning Post Publishers Ltd.). Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- "China names first jumbo jet C919, to take off in 8 years". Xinhua News Agency. 6 March 2009. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
- Lagorce, Aude (December 21, 2009). "Safran, GE win contract for engines to upcoming Chinese jet". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- "Comac plans six C919 models targeting Airbus and Boeing". Flightblogger (Flightglobal.com blog). 16 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.[dead link]
- Perrett, Bradley (24 May 2013). "Further Delays On Comac C919 Program Push First Flight To 2015". Aviation Daily. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- "China unveils jet at Asia's biggest air show". Agence France-Presse. 8 September 2009. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
- MANTHORPE, JONATHAN (28 January 2013). "China's airliner industry ambitions still a distant dream". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2 February 2013.[dead link]
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- Commercial jet prices Boing Inc, November 2014
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- "COMAC wins 20 orders for C919 from Huaxia Financial Leasing". Jan 29, 2015.
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- 中国商飞再获50架大飞机订单 新增幸福航空河北航空两客户
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Comac C919.|
- C919 Program official page at Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China
- Analysis: COMAC attempts to break the Airbus-Boeing duopoly Fuentes, 2011