Comal County, Texas
|Comal County, Texas|
Location in the state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
|Largest city||New Braunfels|
|• Total||575 sq mi (1,489 km2)|
|• Land||559 sq mi (1,448 km2)|
|• Water||15 sq mi (39 km2), 2.7%|
|• Density||193/sq mi (74.5/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
||This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (December 2013)|
- Early native American inhabitants include Tonkawa, Waco, Karankawa and Lipan Apache.
- 1700-1758 The area becomes known as “Comal”, Spanish for “flat dish”. Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe Mission at Comal Springs.
- 1825 Coahuila y Tejas issues land grant for Comal Springs to Juan Martín de Veramendi.
- 1842 Adelsverein organized in Germany to promote emigration to Texas. Fisher-Miller Land Grant sets aside three million acres (12,000 km²) to settle 600 families and single men of German, Dutch, Swiss, Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian ancestry in Texas.
- 1844, June 26 - Henry Francis Fisher sells interest in land grant to Adelsverein
- 1845 Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels secures title to 1,265 acres (5.12 km2) of the Veramendi grant, including the Comal Springs and River, for the Adelsverein. Thousands of German immigrants are stranded at port of disembarkation Indianaola on Matagorda Bay. With no food or shelters, living in holes dug into the ground, an estimated 50% die from disease or starvation. The living begin to walk to their destinations hundreds of miles away. 200 German colonists who walked from Indianola found the town of New Braunfels at the crossing of the San Antonio-Nacogdches Road on the Guadalupe River. John O. Meusebach arrives in Galveston.
- 1846 March - Texas legislature forms Comal County from the Eighth Precinct of Bexar County. New Braunfels is the county seat.
- 1850 Survey of 130 German farms in Comal reveals no slave laborers.
- 1852 Neu-Braunfelser Zeitung begins publication, initially only in German, deriving its name 16th Century Germany's prototype of a newspaper titled Zeitung.
- 1854 County is divided into eight public school districts. The Texas State Convention of Germans meet in San Antonio and adopt a political, social and religious platform, including: 1) Equal pay for equal work; 2) Direct election of the President of the United States; 3) Abolition of capital punishment; 4) “Slavery is an evil, the abolition of which is a requirement of democratic principles..”; 5) Free schools – including universities - supported by the state, without religious influence; and 6) Total separation of church and state.
- 1858 Final county boundaries determination with the separation of part of western Comal County to Blanco and Kendall counties. New Braunfels votes in a school tax.
- 1861 Comal County votes for secession from the Union. Contributes three all-German volunteer companies-to the Confederate cause.
- 1887 Faust Street Bridge built over the Guadalupe River.
- 1898 Comal County limestone courthouse erected. Romanesque Revival style. Architect James Riely Gordon.
- 1920s - County establishes itself as a manufacturing and shipping center for textiles, garments, flour, and construction materials.
- 1960 Four students at St. Mary’s University San Antonio discover Natural Bridge Caverns, the largest known commercial caverns in the state of Texas.
- 1961 Comal’s first Wurstfest draws a crowd of 2,000.
- 1964 Canyon Lake impoundment, boosting tourism and related industries.
Darmstadt Society of Forty
Count Castell of the Adelsverein negotiated with the separate Darmstadt Society of Forty to colonize two hundred families on the Fisher-Miller Land Grant territory in Texas. In return, they were to receive $12,000 in money, livestock, equipment and provisions for a year. After the first year, the colonies were expected to support themselves. The colonies attempted were Castell, Leiningen, Bettina, Schoenburg and Meerholz in Llano County; Darmstädler Farm in Comal County; and Tusculum in Kendall County. Of these, only Castell survives. The colonies failed after the Adelsverein funding expired, and also due to conflict of structure and authorities. Some members moved to other Adelsverein settlements in Texas. Others moved elsewhere, or returned to Germany.
The Balcones Escarpment runs northeastward through the county, generally just west of Interstate 35. West of the escarpment are the rocky hills and canyons of the Texas Hill Country; to the east are the rolling grasslands of the coastal plains.
The Guadalupe River flows generally southeastward through the county, and is impounded by Canyon Lake. The Comal River rises from the Comal Springs in New Braunfels, and quickly joins the Guadalupe River.
- Blanco County (north)
- Hays County (northeast)
- Guadalupe County (southeast)
- Bexar County (southwest)
- Kendall County (northwest)
As of the census of 2010, there were 108,472 people, 29,066 households, and 21,886 families residing in the county. The population density was 139 people per square mile (54/km²). There were 32,718 housing units at an average density of 58 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.08% White, 0.95% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.98% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. 22.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 29,066 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.80% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.70% were non-families. 20.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $46,147, and the median income for a family was $52,455. Males had a median income of $36,048 versus $25,940 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,914. About 6.40% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.50% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.
The county is part of the 21st District in the United States House of Representatives, represented by Republican Lamar S. Smith, the 25th district of the Texas State Senate, represented by Republican Donna Campbell, and the 73rd District of the Texas House of Representatives and is represented by Republican Doug Miller, a former mayor of New Braunfels. Miller's predecessors in the House seat, both Republicans, are Nathan Macias, a businessman from Bulverde and Carter Casteel, a former Comal County county judge and a lawyer in New Braunfels.
- Bracken (unincorporated)
- Canyon City (unincorporated)
- Canyon Lake (unincorporated)
- Fair Oaks Ranch
- Fischer (unincorporated)
- Garden Ridge
- Honey Creek
- New Braunfels
- Neighborsville (unincorporated ghost town)
- Spring Branch (unincorporated)
- Startzville (unincorporated)
- Sattler (unincorporated)
- The Jason Boland song "Comal County Blue" is about the county.
- The Bleu Edmondson song "No Room For Mercy" takes place in the county.
- German Texan
- Honey Creek (Texas)
- List of museums in Central Texas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Comal County, Texas
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Greene, Daniel P. "Comal County". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Ladd, Kevin (2009). Gone to Texas: Genealogical Abstracts from The Telegraph and Texas Register, 1835-1841. Heritage Books Inc. p. 68. ISBN 978-0-7884-0005-6.
- Brister, Louis E. "Adelsverein". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Ramos, Mary G. "The German Settlements in Central Texas". Texas Almanac. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Kohout, Martin Donnell. "Gillespie County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- "Indianola, Texas". Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Block, W T. "The Story of our Texas' German Pilgrims". Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- "Near River Crossing Used by New Braunfels' First Settlers - New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas". William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Smith, Cornelia Marshall; Tetzlaff, Otto W. "Meusebach, John O". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- "New Braunfels, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Bernhard, Jim (2007). Porcupine, Picayune, & Post: How Newspapers Get Their Names. University of Missouri Press. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-8262-1748-6.
- Biesele, R L; The Texas State Convention of Germans in 1854 (April 1930). The Southwestern Historical Quarterly. XXXIII (24).
- "Nimitz, Charles and Sophia". Der Stadt Friedhof. Gillespie County Historical Association. Retrieved 13 November 2010.
- "Faust Street Bridge". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- "Comal County Courthouse". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- "Natural Bridge Caverns - New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas". Texas State Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- "Wurstfest History". Greater New Braunfels Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Permenter, Paris; Bigley, John (2006). Day Trips from San Antonio. GPP Travel. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-7627-3868-7.
- "Canyon Lake". Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Brister, Louis E. "Count Carl of Castell-Castell". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
- King (1967) p.122
- Heckert-Greene, James B. "Castell, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
- Lich, Glen E. "Bettina, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
- Lich, Glen E. "The Forty". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Haas, Oscar. "Neighborsville, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
- Library of Congress Historic American Buildings Survey (Comal Co)
- Comal County government’s website
- Comal County from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Canyon Lake Area Chamber of Commerce
- Historic materials from Comal County, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
||Kendall County||Blanco County||Hays County|
|Bexar County||Guadalupe County|