Comandante Ramona (died January 6, 2006) was the nom de guerre of an officer of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), a revolutionary indigenous autonomist organization based in the southern Mexican state of Chiapas. She was perhaps the most famous female Zapatista figure for her role early in the uprising. A member of the Zapatista leading council, the CCRI (Clandestine Revolutionary Indigenous Committee), she served as a symbol of equality and dignity for indigenous and impoverished women.
"Ramona", a Maya woman, took control of the city of San Cristóbal de las Casas, the former capital of Chiapas, during the January 1, 1994 Zapatista uprising. Ramona began a long fight with cancer the same year; in 1995, she received a kidney transplant, which extended her life for over a decade.
In 1996, she broke through a government encirclement when she traveled to the capital to help found the National Indigenous Congress.
Her last public appearance was at a preparation meeting — a plenary session for "The Other Campaign" — in Caracol de La Garrucha in the municipality of Francisco Gómez on September 16, 2005. After her death, Subcomandante Marcos suspended The Other Campaign activities for several days in order to be present at Ramona's funeral service.
- Zwarenstein 19.
- Davison 37.
- Davison, Phil (2006). "Comandante Ramona; Zapatista rebel leader dies." The Independent. January 11.
- Ross, John (1999). "The Zapatistas Are Back." LA Weekly. March 19.
- Zwarenstein, Carlyn (2006). "Legacy of a Zapatista rebel." Toronto Globe and Mail. January 11.
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