||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (October 2011)|
|New Haven Comet|
The Comet at Providence, Rhode Island in 1937.
|Manufacturer||Goodyear Zeppelin Corporation|
|Number built||One 3-car set|
|Operator||New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad|
|Car body construction||Aluminum alloy|
|Train length||207 ft 0 in (63.094 m)|
|Car length||Power cars: 74 ft 2 in (22.606 m)
Trailer car: 58 ft 8 in (17.882 m)
|Width||9 ft 10 in (3.00 m)|
|Height||11 ft 3 in (3.43 m)|
|Floor height||2 ft 8 1⁄4 in (0.819 m) above railhead|
|Doors||‘Plug’ type, three each side|
|Wheel diameter||Powered: 36 in (914 mm)
Unpowered: 30 in (762 mm)
|Weight||126 short tons (114 tonnes)|
|Engine(s)||Two 400 hp (298 kW) 6-cylinder Westinghouse diesel engines (one each end)|
|Power output||800 hp (597 kW)|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
- This page is about the New Haven's Comet, please see Comet (railcar) for the Comet-series Commuter Cars.
The Comet was a diesel-electric streamliner built in 1935 for the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad by the Goodyear-Zeppelin Company. Smaller than the other streamliners, it was a three-car, double-ended train that could operate in both directions and thus did not need to be turned at destinations—ideal for the New Haven's cramped terminus at South Station in Boston.
It was initially placed into service between Boston, Massachusetts and Providence, Rhode Island on a 44-minute schedule; later, intermediate stops were added at Back Bay, Boston and Pawtucket/Central Falls, RI on an advertised "44 miles in 44 minutes" schedule. It ran 5 daily round trips on weekdays, and was often used for weekend excursion trips. This service lasted until the beginning of World War II, when increased traffic volume overwhelmed the capacity of the Comet, after which it was placed on local commuter services around the Boston area. The trainset was withdrawn from service in 1951 and scrapped.
The interior was furnished with 48 seat in each power car, and 64 in the center car divided into two sections: a smoking section seating 28 and a non-smoking seating 36. Seating was of the 'walk-over' type, and all seats were coach-class; there being no provision for first- or parlor-class seating.
The exterior was machined aluminum in a whorled pattern with color bands of bright blue enamel at window height, dark blue enamel at wheel level, and a gray enamel roof. The whole exterior was covered with a coat of clear varnish to prevent tarnishing. The front ends were sharply raked, with a pointed "chin" pilot.
- Mann, Charles F.A. (17 September 1935). "Most Powerful Diesel Ready for Rail Service". The Meriden Daily Journal. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
- Railway Age. April 27, 1935. p. 634
- The New Haven Railroad Historical and Technical Association. "The Comet". Retrieved 2004-12-19.
- "The American "Comet"". Mike's Railway History. Retrieved 2006-01-02.
- "Latest Diesel-Engine Train Built Like Airships" Popular Mechanics, July 1935
- Keitry, Edmund (1979). Interurbans Without Wires: The Rail Motorcar in the United States. Glendale, California: Interurbans. pp. 169–170. ISBN 0-916374-38-6. LCCN 79053961.
- "New Haven’s “Comet”". Railway Age (Simmons-Boardman Publishing) 98 (17): pp. 632–635. April 27, 1935.
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