Comic Sans MS, commonly referred to as Comic Sans, is a sans-serif casual script typeface. The modern Comic Sans was designed by Vincent Connare and released in 1994 by Microsoft Corporation. It is classified as a casual, non-connecting script, and was designed to imitate the historical look of comic book lettering, for use in informal documents.
The typeface has been supplied with Microsoft Windows since the introduction of Windows 95, initially as a supplemental font in the Windows Plus Pack and later in Microsoft Comic Chat. The typeface's widespread use, often in situations for which it was not intended, has been criticized.
Microsoft designer Vincent Connare began work on Comic Sans in October 1994. Connare had already created child-oriented fonts for various applications, so when he saw a beta version of Microsoft Bob that used Times New Roman in the word balloons of cartoon characters, he decided to create a new face based on the lettering style of comic books he had in his office, specifically The Dark Knight Returns (lettered by John Costanza) and Watchmen (lettered by Dave Gibbons).
He completed the face too late for inclusion in MS Bob, but the programmers of Microsoft 3D Movie Maker, which also used cartoon guides and speech bubbles, began to use it. The speech eventually became true voice, but Comic Sans stayed for the program’s pop-up windows and help sections. The typeface later shipped with the Windows 95 Plus! Pack. It then became a standard font for the OEM version of Windows 95. Finally, the font became one of the default fonts for Microsoft Publisher and Microsoft Internet Explorer. The font is also used in Microsoft Comic Chat, which was released in 1996 with Internet Explorer 3.0.
Comic Sans Pro (2011)
Originally appeared as part of Ascender 2010 Font Pack as Comic Sans 2010, it is a commercial variant designed by Terrance Weinzierl from Monotype Imaging. It added italic variants of the original fonts for a total of 4 fonts, extra ornaments and symbols including speech bubbles, onomatopoeia and dingbats.
OpenType features included ligatures, lining figures, localized forms, old style figures, proportional figures, tabular figures, swash, small capitals, stylistic alternates, stylistic sets (1-3).
The Boston Phoenix reported on disgruntlement over the widespread use of the font, especially its incongruous use for writing on serious subjects, with the complaints focused around a campaign started by two Indianapolis graphic designers, Dave and Holly Combs, via their website "Ban Comic Sans". The movement was conceived in 1999 by the two designers, after an employer insisted that one of them use Comic Sans in a children's museum exhibit, and in early 2009, the movement was "stronger now than ever". The web site's main argument is that a typeface should match the tone of its text, and that the irreverence of Comic Sans is often at odds with a serious message, such as a "do not enter" sign.
Comic book artist Dave Gibbons, whose work was one of the inspirations for the font, said that it was "a shame they couldn't have used just the original font, because [Comic Sans] is a real mess. I think it's a particularly ugly letter form."
Film producer and New York Times essayist Errol Morris wrote in an August 2012 posting, "The conscious awareness of Comic Sans promotes — at least among some people — contempt and summary dismissal." With the help of a professor, he conducted an online experiment and found that Comic Sans, in comparison to five other fonts (Baskerville, Helvetica, Georgia, Trebuchet MS, and Computer Modern), makes readers slightly less likely to believe that a statement they are reading is true.
In the Netherlands popular radio DJs Coen Swijnenberg and Sander Lantinga decided to celebrate the font by having a Comic Sans day on the first Friday of July. Comic Sans Day has been held since 2009. Some Dutch companies, such as KLM, have their website in Comic Sans on this day.
- A 2010 Princeton University study involving presenting students with text in a font slightly more difficult to read found that they consistently retained more information from material displayed in so-called disfluent or ugly fonts (Monotype Corsiva, Haettenschweiler, Comic Sans Italicized were used) than in a simple, more readable font such as Arial.
- In 2010, Cleveland Cavaliers owner Dan Gilbert was criticized for using Comic Sans in a public letter regarding LeBron James's decision to leave the team. The usage caused a resurgence of interest in, as well as criticism of, Comic Sans.
- On April Fools' Day 2011, typing the name of the fonts "Comic Sans" and "Helvetica" into the search engine Google produced a page of results entirely in the Comic Sans font.
- Later in 2011, the parody website The Onion featured the font in a faux-news story in which "experts" discussed why people find the font to be so humorous.
- When selecting Comic Sans to display instant messages in Skype, the emoticon menu icon changes from a happy smiley to a sad smiley.
- In July 2012, when the discovery of the Higgs boson was announced at CERN, the spokesperson of the ATLAS experiment used the font in her presentation of the results.
- In December 2012, Nobel laureate in physics, Serge Haroche, used the font in his Nobel lecture.
- In December 2013 the internet meme Doge, along with the resultant cryptocurrency Dogecoin, prominently used Comic Sans.
- Searching "doge meme" on YouTube will result in all the text of the page changing to Comic Sans, in honor of the Doge internet meme.
- In 2013, the Vatican used Comic Sans for a web publication of photos of Pope Benedict XVI, following his retirement.
- On 1 April 2014 CERN announced that Comic Sans font will be used for all official communication channels, in a move to update the image of the laboratory for this, its 60th anniversary year. However, this was later revealed to have been an April Fools gag, and the change was subsequently reverted.
- In April 2014, OpenBSD announced the LibreSSL project, claiming to have been the first to "weaponize" Comic Sans as a means for soliciting donations.
- Comic Neue
- Chalkboard (typeface)
- Kristen (typeface)
- Papyrus (typeface)
- Core fonts for the Web
- "What's so wrong with Comic Sans?". BBC News (BBC). 2010-10-20. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
- Connare, Vincent. "Keynote: From the Dark Side… Speak to Me". Ampersand Conference 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- Steel, Emily (2009-04-17). "Typeface Inspired by Comic Books Has Become a Font of Ill Will". Wall Street Journal (Dow Jones & Company, Inc.). Archived from the original on 2009-04-19. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
- Ascender releases new OpenType font pack for Microsoft Office 2010
- Ascender Releases New OpenType Font Pack for Microsoft Office 2010
- Comic Sans Pro Typeface Family Makes its Debut - Comic Sans Pro Adds OpenType Features to Extend Versatility of Comic Sans and Inspire New Creativity and Expression
- Comic Sans Pro Typeface Family Makes its Debut
- New Typefaces for Windows 8 Retrieved 23 March 2012
- "Not Funny: Fighting the Good Fight Against a Very Bad Font". The Boston Phoenix. June 3, 2005.
- Ban Comic Sans official page
- Kinch, Tyler (2007-11-11). "NDP calls for ban on Comic Sans typeface". Kinch Blog. Tyler Kinch. Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2008-05-16.
- Schofield, Jack (2009-08-12). "Computers draw a new chapter in comics". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2009-08-30.
- Morris, Errol (August 8, 2012). "Hear, All Ye People; Hearken, O Earth (Part One)". New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- Diemand-Yauman, C.; Oppenheimer, D. M.; Vaughan, E. B. (2011). "Fortune favors the bold (and the italicized): Effects of disfluency on educational outcomes". Cognition 118 (1): 111–5. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2010.09.012. PMID 21040910.
- Nate Jones (July 9, 2010). "Scathing: Cavs Owner Dan Gilbert Blasts LeBron - in Comic Sans". Time NewsFeed (Time Inc.). Retrieved July 11, 2010.
- MG Siegler (July 8, 2010). "Cavs Owner Goes Online To Rip LeBron A New One… In Comic Sans". TechCrunch. TechCrunch. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
- John D. Sutter (July 9, 2010). "Cavs owner's letter mocked for Comic Sans font". CNN.com (CNN). Retrieved July 11, 2010.
- "Google Plays With Helvetica, Comic Sans For April Fools' 2011 Gag ", Huffington Post, April 1, 2011
- "New Study Explains Why Comic Sans Font So Hilarious (Season 1: Ep 8 on IFC)". Time NewsFeed. The Onion. August 11, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
- Skype Easter Egg for Comic Sans Font
- "Press Release". CERN. 4 July 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Kingsley, Patrick (4 July 2012). "Higgs boson and Comic Sans: the perfect fusion". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "Higgs seminar picture" (JPG). CERN. 4 July 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Latest update in the search for the Higgs boson. CERN. 4 July 2012. Event occurs at 51:07. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- Nobel Lecture by Serge Haroche
- Zhang, Michael. "Virtual Photo Album for ex-Pope Benedict XVI Mocked Over Comic Sans". PetaPixel. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- "CERN to switch to Comic Sans". http://home.web.cern.ch/about/updates/2014/04/cern-switch-comic-sans. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- Connare, Vincent. “Comic Sans Background Information.” Comic Sans Café.
- Connare, Vincent. “Why Comic Sans?”
- Macmillan, Neil,. An A–Z of Type Designers. Yale University Press: 2006. ISBN 0-300-11151-7.
- Ascender 2010 Font Pack Overview with Comic Sans 2010
- Comic Sans MS font information (Microsoft typography)
- Typowiki: Comic Sans
- Comic Sans Café (Microsoft typography)
- Snog Blog: The Vincent Connare Interview
- Comic Sans | Font for the masses or weed of the graphic world?
- Short video of Vincent Connare at 2009 ROFLThing NYC telling the story of Comic Sans
- Ban Comic Sans an opinion piece about the movement by Dr Chris Scanlon from La Trobe University